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A video still on the amicable numbers 220 and 284, by Games Grime (2011) of Numberphile, wherein he explains how these are lovers numbers, thought to represent perfect harmony when joined.[1]

In numbers, 220 (TL:#) refers, mathematically, to the lower number of the first amicable pair (220, 284)[2]; and, religio-mythologically, via coded Greek isopsephy and Jewish gematria word cyphers, to the "chosen one", "Christ", or Messiah.


Amicable pairs

Mathematically, the number “220” is significant in that, with the number “284”, the form the smallest pair (220, 284) of so-called “amicable numbers”, i.e. friendly numbers, the pairs of which, in ancient times, thought to represent mutual friendship, perfect harmony, and “love” (Grime, 2011).[2][1]

Thus pairs of lovers would inscribe 220 and 284 on talismans, with which one person would ware one, and the other would be worn by the person’s lover; such as shown below (left), or cut fruit, such as an apple, into 220/284 ratio, and given one to each lover, and when consumed they would complete each other, or something along these lines:[3][4]

The significance of the number "220", as the presumed lover, friend, or mathematical counterpart of "god" (284), such as Hesiod (c.750BC) would likely have known, when he wrote Theogony, remains to be discerned? Certainly, the Egyptians, were keen to the meaning of this number, being that the Greeks learned all their math from the Egyptians. It is known that Pythagoras (c.520BC), according to Iamblichus (300AD), knew about the 220 and 284 amicable number pair.[5]

Chosen one

In 1953, Paul Case, in his The True and Invisible Rosicrucian Order, discerned that the numerical value of Bechir (בחיר) "chosen one", employed throughout the Old Testament, is numerically equivalent to 220:

Bechir (Chosen One)
ir ech B
Symbol ר י ח ב
Resh.png Yod.png


Resh Yod Het Bet
Value 200 10 8 2 220

He describes this as follows:

“The number 220, the value of R. C. (and of C. R., which is the next set of initials used in the story), is the first of those numbers called ‘amicable’ or ‘friendly’ by the Pythagoreans. This would be known to the erudite of Europe who had studied such works as the writings of Nichomachus, lamblichus, and Boetius. Amicable numbers are those in which the aliquot parts or submultiples of the first add to a second number that, in turn, has aliquot parts or submultiples whose sum is the first number. The first pair of amicable numbers is 220 and 284. The aliquot parts of 220 are 1, 2, 4, 5, 10, 11, 20, 22, 44, 55, and 110. The sum of these numbers is 284. The aliquot parts of 284 are 1, 2, 4, 71, and 192. The sum of these is 220. Now in Greek Gematria, 284 is the number of agathos (good), hagios (sacred, holy), and theos (god). Really, the three words are simply different ways of saying the same thing. Thus, that to which 220 is amicable, or friendly, is god himself. And since the parts of 284 add up to 220 and the parts of 220 add up to 284, we have here a numeral symbol of just what is implied in the union of the hypotenuse with the vertical line of the Pythagorean triangle, and by the coalescence of the words ‘father’ and ‘son’ in the Hebrew for ‘stone’.”
— Paul Case (1953), The True and Invisible Rosicrucian Order (pg. v) [6]
“Again, 220 is the number of the Hebrew word BChIR (בָּחִיר.), bawkheer, meaning ‘chosen, elect’, applied throughout the Old Testament to Israel and transferred by Gnostic Christianity to the spiritual Israel, who receive the sacred inheritance not according to the flesh but according to something higher. The elect, throughout the New Testament, are the saints, the sacred ones, who are the few selected from the many who are called.”
— Paul Case (1953), The True and Invisible Rosicrucian Order (pg. v) [6]
The numerical equivalent of Kar (כר), the Hebrew word for "lamb", and the Christian symbol of Christ, is 220.

Similarly, Kar (כר), the Hebrew word for Lamb, the symbol of Christ, also is numerically equivalent to 220:[7]

Kar (Christ/Lamb)
ar K
Symbol ר כ
Resh.png Kaph.png


Resh Kaph
Value 200 20 220

In the Bible, Old Testament, it is said that Jacob gave Esau a gift of 220 goats.[5]

Related to this, another theory, suggested by Frank Colijn (2008), is the first initials of the name Jeshua (284) Messiach (220), which is the Hebrew equivalent of Jesus Christ, contain the number pair 284 and 220, as follows, meaning that 220 is code for Messiah, Chosen one, or the "Christ", and that 284 is "god" (or Jesus) depending on interpretation:[8]

Jesus Christ (284, 220) 2.jpg

Moreover, the used of amicable number pairs, according to Colijn, is a way mathematically code the various names of the different gods in the Old Testament. The numerical equivalent of the god Yahweh Elohim, himself a syncretism of the gods Yahweh + Elohim, e.g. is “112”, which is a number that as nine divisors: 1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 14, 16, 28, 56. The number “56” is the “9th” and last of these divisors, and product of 9 and 56 is “504”, which is the sum of the smallest amicable number pair (220 + 284). Other numerical patterns like this can be found if one digs around in the ordering of the Hebrew words and letters in the Old Testament.[8] It remains to be determine, however, as to how much of this number pattern finding is what called "reading into" things patterns that are not there, or put there by someone intentionally, but rather are after the fact derived mathematical coincidences?

Ramanujan | Anecdote

In 1919, Ramanujan, while studying mathematics at Oxford, was asked why he didn’t have any friends, he replied, in supposedly a parroting of what Pythagoras said about his friend, that he expected his friends to be “like numbers 220 and 284” (Ѻ), the perfect friendship (or love union), which is hard to find. Ramanujan, here is re-quoting an older anecdote that traces back to Pythagoras or Euclid.

End matter


  1. 1.0 1.1 Grime, James. (2011). “220 and 284 (Amicable Numbers)” (YT), Numberphile, Dec 19.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Amicable numbers – Wikipedia.
  3. Amicable number keyrings – MathsGear.co.uk.
  4. Parker, Matt; Mould, Steve. (2012). “Maths Gear: Amicable Numbers Pair of Keyrings: Nerd Romance” (YT), MathsGear, May 13.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Wells, David. (1997). The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers (pg. 94). Penguin.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Case, Paul. (1953). The True and Invisible Rosicrucian Order: an Interpretation of the Rosicrucian Allegory and an Explanation of the Ten Rosicrucian Grades (§: Our Father and Brother C.R.C., 284, theos, god, pgs. v-vi). Weiser, 1989.
  7. Gordon, James. (2020). “Zion”, James-Investigates.com.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Colijn, Frank. (2008). “Amicable Numbers”, Members.home.nl.

External links

  • 220 – Wikipedia.
Theta Delta ics T2.jpg