ΘΔ = ThermoDynamics

From Hmolpedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The symbolic and numerical etymology behind James Maxwell's 1873 Greek alphabet coded-description of "thermodynamics" as "ΘΔcs", namely that of the "sun" (or Theta) being born out of the "void" (or Delta).

In cyphers, ΘΔ = ThermoDynamics (TL:5) refers to the use of the ancient Egyptian-based Greek symbols: delta "Δ" (Forbes, c.1825), isopsephy value: "345", meaning void (or vacuum), employed as pen-name code for someone working on heat, work, or transformation, theta "θ" (Thomson, 1848), isopsephy value: "318", meaning sun, employed for a degree of temperature, and "Θcs", "ΘΔcs" (see: ΘΔics), or "ΘΔ" (Maxwell, 1860s), code for thermodynamics, e.g. "2nd law of ΘΔ" short for the second law of thermodynamics, found in an 1876 letter of James Maxwell to Peter Tait, in reference to the newly then-forming science of the mechanical theory of heat (Clausius, 1865), aka thermodynamics (see also: thermodynamics etymology); also the five-millennia-old ancient coded philosophy behind these letters and symbols.

Overview

Δ | Forbes

In c.1825, James Forbes, age 16, Scottish physicist, mentor to William Rankine, at the Edinburgh University, who is connected to William Thomson, the core originator of the second law of thermodynamics (1854), contributed papers to the Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, anonymously under the signature "Δ", the classical symbol[1], in chemistry, for heat and or transformation, as a coded-pseudonym for a person who is interested in heat, work, or transformation, or something along these lines?[2]

Delta | 345

The basic model of the Egyptian Nun or Ogdoad, the god personification of the beginning, as watery abyss, void, emptiness, chaos, or space, out of which land arose (god: Atum), out of the tip of which the sun god (god: Ra) was born, from which all the other gods were engendered, namely: air (god: Shu) and Tefnut (moisture); earth (god: Geb) and sky (god: Nut); then Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys.

The gematria value for delta (Δέλτα), symbol Δ, which is the 4th letter in the Greek alphabet is "345", which is the gematria equivalent of the Greek work "void" (κενός) or "empty":[3]

Delta
D e l t a
Symbol Δ έ λ τ α
Name
(#)
Delta
(4th)
Epsilon
(5th)
Lambda

(12th)

Tau
(21th)
Alpha
(1st)
Value 9 5 30 300 1 345

The significance of "delta", the symbol "Δ" of the Egyptian pyramids, being numerically equivalent to "345", code for the word "void" or emptiness", is that in the original Egyptian creation myths, which went through several "recensions" (see: recension theory)[4], as shown below, as the religious power centers shifted over the centuries, from which the Greeks constructed their alphabet and god pantheon, the god Nun[5] (or Nu), in the Heliopolis creation myth (3,100BC), and the 8-god family "Ogdoad"[6] (which subsumed the god Nun), in the Hermopolis creation myth (2,400BC), were conceptualized as the god or god family of emptiness, void, chaos, or watery abyss, out of which all the other gods were born:

0. Pre-Dynastic creation myth | 3500BC | Supreme god: Horus
1. Heliopolis creation myth[7] | 3100BC | Supreme god: Ra or
Atum or Atum-Khepri (Pyramid Texts, 2500BC)
→ Atum-Ra (Coffin Texts, 2100BC) / Ennead
2. Memphis creation myth[8] | 2800BC | Supreme god: Ptah
3. Hermopolis creation myth[9] | 2400 BC | Supreme god: Ogdoad
4. Thebian creation myth | 2050 BC | Supreme god: Amen
5. Amarnan creation myth | 1300BC | Supreme god: Aten (theorist: Akhenaten)
6. Saite recension | 670BC | Book of Dead (canonized)
7. Biblical creation myth | 500BC | Supreme god: El-Yahweh-Amen
8. Muslim creation myth | 700AD | Supreme god: Allah
The numerical etymology of the Theta Θ Delta Δ etymology, the root letters of the word "thermodynamics", showing the Hermopolis creation myth[9] (2400BC), from which Ra (or Ra-Atum) the Egyptian sun god is generated, which was rescripted, via Hesiod (750BC), into the Greek creation myth[10], from which Helios, the Greek sun god is generated.

Hence, out of the emptiness, void, or watery chaos, of Nun or Ogdoad, all of the other gods were "generated". In sum, the sun god, Ra (or Ra-Atum), value: 318, symbol theta Θ or Theta (sun) 30x32.jpg, the sun god, was engendered or born out of the gods Nun or Ogdoad, of space, emptiness, and or chaos. The gist of this Egyptian cosmology seems to be the following:

Theta Θ is born out of Delta Δ
Sun is born out of the void
318 is born out of 345

Just as the pyramid builders believed that the "sun", sun god, or phoenix (Herodotus, 450BC) was born out of the tip of the pyramid, which arose out of the Nun, watery abyss, or void:[11]

In Heliopolis version, Nun was basically a water god, and thought of as the beginning of things. In the Hermopolis recension, Nun, became male and female, with the addition of three other gods, in the Ogdoad god family:

  1. Nun (male) and Naunet (female) | Primeval watery abyss (or chaos)
  2. Huh (male) and Hauhet (female) | Space or infinity (or void)
  3. Kuk (male) and Kauket (female) | Darkness
  4. Amen (male) and Amenent or Amaunet (female) or Niau Niaut [alternative] | Hiddenness

The key Δ-related god pair here being: Huh and Hauhet, the god and goddess of space, void, or infinity, which the Greeks later coded into their alphabet via the 4th letter Delta (value: 345) meaning "empty" or "void".[3] In modern terms, the Egyptians, via this Huh+Hauhet / Nun god-coding method, in their attempts to explain natural phenomena, seems, therefore, to be captured aptly in the following statement:

“The vacuum left by fire lifts a weight.”
Robert Hooke (1675), “A New Invention in Mechanics of Prodigious Use”

This so-called "Hookean heat axiom", was transferred to Denis Papin, Sadi Carnot, William Thomson, and Rudolf Clausius to become the new science of thermodynamics.

D | English

The significance of this was carried forward into the English alphabet, via the fourth letter D, many words of which tracing to this ancient etymology, e.g. death, die, meaning to go "into the void" (or vacuum), which one came; for example:

“There is nothing to seek, nor anything to put one’s hopes on, except the nothingness and the vacuum that is the principle of all things. Our parents came forth from this vacuum and they returned there after death.”
— Foe Kiao (c.25BC), Publication; Pierre Bayle (1697) in his Historical Dictionary, Volume 5

Along with words like divide, derivation, derivative, etc.

Beyond this basic nothingness or vacuum etymology of delta, we also note that in 2100BC the Egyptians also had the concept of "Maat"[12], which was the "moral ordering" principle of the universe, which was bound or intertwined with the void or emptiness of creation. The Maat | Moral order section discusses this aspect of the Egyptian creationism philosophy.

Greeks

In 850BC, all the Greeks, beginning with Lycurgus, Orpheus, Solon, Thales, Pythagoras, Empedocles, Herodotus, Democritus, Plato, Eudoxus, and Manetho, travelled to Egypt, via the study abroad method, to learn Egyptian cosmology, sciences, arts, and religions, from which they learned that the beginning of things was emptiness or chaos:

“In the beginning was chaos.”
— Isiodos (c.850), Publication [13]

In the formation of the 22-letter Greek alphabet, we note that ordering of the letters in the alphabet, according, we might conjecture that the Theta (letter: 9), symbolic of the Ennead, was born out of the Delta (letter: 4), the number four being possibly symbolic of the four elements: water, earth, fire, air, generated in that order, which are all generated out of the "one" void or chaos of beginning, which would be related in some why, in Egyptian logic, to the letter Alpha (letter: 1)?

Hesiod | Chaos

The basics of the first part of the Hesiod creation myth, showing "chaos" (value: 345) as the "one" thing at the start, at the tale end of which "Helios" (value: 318), the Greek sun god, is generated.[10]

In 750BC, Hesiod penned his Theogonia, in which, based on the Egyptian pantheon[14], he made a new Greek pantheon[15], according to which "chaos", value: 345, symbol delta Δ, was the beginning, out of which the various gods, such as Helios, value: 318, symbol theta Θ, the sun god, was generated.[10]

The following is shows the gematria value for Hesiod's Theogony (Theogonía), showing that its numerical equivalent is "218", that theo has a valeu of "84, and that gonia has a value of "134", although it is difficult to say if these have any meaning in itself?

Theogonía
T h e o g o n i a
Symbol Θ ε ο γ ο ν ί α
Name
(#)
Theta
(9th)
Epsilon
(5th)
Omicron
(16th)
Gamma
(3rd)
Omicron
(16th)
Nu
(14th)
Iota
(10th)
Alpha
(1st)
Value 9 5 70 3 70 50 10 1 218
84 134

We do, however, note that the term theos, or dios (Spanish) meaning god or gods, which seems to derived from Hesiod, and or its cultural usage during this period, as a value of "284" which is code for the "sun" (or sun god), as discussed below.

In 353BC, Epicurus, age 12, was frustrated with his teacher's inability to explain to him the meaning of "chaos"; after which, through study, he found Democritus’ idea about the "atom", which seemed to him the most promising clue.

In c.300BC, this ΔΘ-motif, was rescripted, in the Bible (Genesis 1:2), into the simple statement that "in the beginning, the earth was without form and void". The following is a verbal synopsis of this overall cultural myth transition and rescription:

“The creation story of the Bible, the Enuma Elish, is derived from more ancient Mediterranean texts, with either the Egyptian or the Sumerian being the oldest. It is identical to the Egyptian myths, for instance, in the separation of the earth from the sky during one of the epochal ‘days’, but the Egyptian story uses anthropomorphisms to express it in the forms of the sky god (Shu) lifting the arch of heaven (the goddess Nut) away from the earth (Geb). As ‘the earth was without form and void’ (Genesis 1:2), all was nothingness in the empty chaos of Nu, the abysm of space in the Egyptian cosmogony. As god spoke commands and they instantly became reality, so did Thoth, the head of the primeval Ogdoad of gods (‘original eight’) in the oldest (Heliopolitan) Egyptian myth.”
— Bruce Rex (1996), Architects of the Underworld (pg. 292)

The best summary of the origin of the Egyptian-to-Jewish rescript of the Nun/Ogdoad to “In the beginning everything was without form and void” is found in Gary Greenberg’s 101 Myths of The Bible.[16]

θ | Thomson

A synopsis of the etymology of the term "thermodynamics" (1854, Thomson), for the earlier German phrase "mechanical theory of heat" (Clausius, 1865).[17]

In 1848, William Thomson, in the edited footnotes to his “On an Absolute Thermometric Scale Founded on Carnot’s Theory of the Motive Power of Heat”, was using the symbol small theta "θ" for degrees of temperature, in the derivation of his absolute temperature scale.[18] The gematria value for theta (Θήτα) is "318", which is symbolic of the diameter of a circle with a 1000 units (thought to be geometric monad nature of the sun god):

Theta
T h e t a
Symbol Θ ή τ α
Name
(#)
Theta
(9th)
Eta
(8th)
Tau
(21th)
Alpha
(1st)
Value 9 8 300 1 318

Θcs | ΘΔcs | Maxwell

In 1860s, James Maxwell, in his letters to Peter Tait, then drafting Sketch of Thermodynamics (1868), was referring to the newly-science of the "mechanical theory of heat" (Clausius, 1865), recently renamed "thermo-dynamics" (Thomson, 1854), using the Greek shorthand of "Θcs" and or "ΘΔcs"; for example:

“As for instance I think that you might make something of the theory of the absolute scale of temperature by reasoning pretty loud about it and paying it due honor, at its entrance. To pick a hole, say in the 2nd law of Θcs, that if two things are in contact the hotter cannot take heat from the colder without external agency.”
— James Maxwell (1867), “Letter to Peter Tait”, Dec 11 [19][20]

Another examples:

“I have also a great respect for the elder of those celebrated acrobats, Virial and Ergal, the Bounding Brothers of Bonn …. But it is rare sport to see those learned Germans contending for the priority of the discovery that the 2nd law of θΔcs is the Hamiltonsche Princip, when all the time they assume that the temperature of a body is but another name for the vis viva of one of its molecules, a thing which was suggested by the labors of Gay-Lussac, Dulong, etc., but the first deduced from the dynamical statistical considerations by dp/dt. The Hamiltonsche Princip, the while, soars along in a region unvexed by statistical considerations, while the German Icari (Ѻ) flap their waxen wings in nephelococcygia [cloud-cuckoo-land] (Ѻ) amid those cloudy forms which the ignorance and finitude of human science have invested with incommunicable attributes of the invisible Queen of Heaven.”
— James Maxwell (1873), “Letter to Peter Tait”, Dec (Number 483)
“I return the last page of Clausius. I have got the whole volume from the author. When you wrote the Sketch [of Thermodynamics, 1868] your knowledge of Clausius was somewhat defective. Mine is still, though I have spent much labor upon him and have occasionally been rewarded, e.g. earlier papers on molecular sorting, electrolysis, entropy, and concentration of rays. N.B. In the latter paper, reprinted in the volume, the name of Hamilton does not occur. When you are a-trouncing, trounce him for that. Only perhaps Kirchhoff ignored Hamilton first and Clausius followed him unwittingly not being a constant reader of the R.I.A. transactions and knowing nothing of H except (lately) his Princip, which he and others try to degrade into the 2nd Law of ΘΔ as if any pure dynamical statement would submit to such an indignity. With respect to your citation of Thomson, it would need to be more explicit.”
— James Maxwell (1876), “Letter to Peter Tait”, Oct 13

In 1875, Maxwell, in his Theory of Heat (§8: Heat Engines), was using the symbols: H for heat, θ for temperature (absolute temperature), and φ for entropy.[21]


See also

References

  1. Δ – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. Smith, Crosbie. (1998). The Science of Energy: a Cultural History of Energy Physics in Victorian Britain (pgs. 102-07). University of Chicago Press.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Barry, Kieren. (1999). The Greek Qabalah: Alphabetic Mysticism and Numerology in the Ancient World (pdf) (theos, pg. 74; #284, pg. 227; #318, pg. 228; #345 (void; empty), pg. 229). Weiser.
  4. Recension theory – Hmolpedia 2020.
  5. Nun – Hmolpedia 2020.
  6. Ogdoad – Hmolpedia 2020.
  7. Heliopolis creation myth – Hmolpedia 2020.
  8. Memphis creation myth – Hmolpedia 20202.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Hermopolis creation myth – Hmolpedia 2020.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Hesiod. (750BC). Theogony (editor: Richmond Lattimore) (god genealogy table, pgs. 222-26). University of Michigan Press.
  11. Phoenix – Hmolpedia 2020.
  12. Maat – Hmolpedia 2020.
  13. Michaelides, Efstathios. (2006). Particles, Bubbles, and Drops: Their Motion, Heat, and Mass Transfer (pg. 1). World Scientific.
  14. Egyptian pantheon – Hmolpedia 2020.
  15. Greek pantheon – Hmolpedia 2020.
  16. Greenberg, Gary. (2000). 101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History (§ Myth 1: In the beginning everything was without form and void, pgs. 11-12; Maat, pgs. 43-49). Source Books.
  17. Thims, Libb. (2020). Human Chemical Thermodynamics — Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities: Meaning, Morality, Purpose; Sociology, Economics, Ecology; History, Philosophy, Government, Anthropology, Politics, Business, Jurisprudence; Religion, Relationships, Warfare, and Love (§2.2: thermodynamics etymology, pg. 27) (pdf). Publisher.
  18. Thomson, William. (1848). “On an Absolute Thermometric Scale Founded on Carnot’s Theory of the Motive Power of Heat” (pgs. 100-06; θ, pg. 106), Cambridge Philosophical Society Proceedings for June 5; and Phil. Mag., Oct. 1848.
  19. Maxwell, James. (1990). The Scientific Letters and Papers of James Clerk Maxwell: Volume 2, 1862-1873 (pg. 331). Publisher.
  20. Maxwell, James. (1995). Maxwell on Heat and Statistical Mechanics: On Avoiding All Personal Enquires of Molecules (editors: Elizabeth Garber, Stephen Brush, and C.W. Everitt) (pg. 177). Lehigh University.
  21. Maxwell, James. (1875). Theory of Heat (pg. 163). Dover.
Theta Delta ics T2.jpg