Two-cultures disciplines

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In existographies, two-cultures disciplines (LH:4), aka “two cultures namesakes” (TR:56) (LH:6) (TL:62) refers to, collectively, about 100+ various new science coinings, portmanteaus, and new term usages, in respect to attempts to crossover or “bridging” disciplines between the two cultures of education, the physical and natural sciences, one hand, the humanities and social sciences on the other, aka the “Clausius culture” and the “Shakespeare cultures” (Snow, 1959).


The following is a work-in-progress chronological listing of the various two cultures “name” coinings and attempted two cultures disciplines; the (c.) notation by names indicates that the date is circa, i.e. that the exact publication where the term was coined needs to be tracked down:

Name / Discipline Year Coiner
Science of man 1739 David Hume
Human chemical theory[1] 1796 Johann Goethe
Elective Affinities
(aka "science of the ‘choice’ of human elective chemical attractions")
1809 Johann Goethe
Metamorphology 1817 Johann Goethe
Social physics 1822 Auguste Comte
Human physics 1835 Adolphe Quetelet[2]
Human chemistry 1851 E.B.
Quinquenergia (aka quinqu-energia) 1854 Henry Sutton
Historical materialism 1859 Friedrich Engels
Religio-political physics[3] 1861 Calvin Blanchard
Moral chemistry 1869 William Lecky
Scientific socialism 1870 Friedrich Engels (c.)
Social chemistry 1871 Thomas Huxley
Atomic atheology (see: atheology) 1875 Author
Moral chemistry
Religious chemistry
Aesthetic chemistry
Feelings chemistry
Emotional chemistry
1878 Friedrich Nietzsche
Physical economics 1880 Patrick Geddes (c.)
Social mechanics 1881 Francis Edgeworth
Mathematical psychics 1881 Francis Edgeworth
Physical anthropology 1882 Franz Boas
Dialectical materialism 1891 Georgi Plekhanov
Mathematical economics 1892 Vilfredo Pareto (c.)
Human thermodynamics 1893 Bryan Donkin
Pure political economics and social mechanics 1894 Leon Winiarski
Scientific psychology 1895 Sigmund Freud
Molecular sociology 1902 Guillaume de Greef
Sociophysiology 1906 Emile Waxweiler
Physico-chemical social dynamics 1908 Henry Adams
Economic dynamics 1908 Maffeo Pantaleoni (c.)
Human energetics 1909 Wilhelm Ostwald
Social energetics 1910 Ernest Solvay
Humanized physics 1910 Edwin Slosson
Physico-human sociology 1912 Henry Adams
Anthropic physics 1912 Wilhelm Ostwald
Technocracy 1918 Howard Scott
Cartesian economics
Animate engineering
1921 Frederick Soddy
Mental dynamics 1923 Sigmund Freud
Biophysical economics 1924 Alfred Lotka
Behaviorism (aka Praxiology) 1925 Albert Weiss
Social thermodynamics 1928 Pitirim Sorokin
Mathematical sociology 1928 Pitirim Sorokin
Gibbs-Pareto based [Sociology 23] 1932 Lawrence Henderson
Scientific humanism 1940 Oliver Reiser
Chemical sociology 1940 John Grant (c.)
Psychohistory 1942 Isaac Asimov
Physicochemical sociology 1943 Pitirim Sorokin
Emotional thermodynamics 1943 Helen Dunbar
Statistical dynamics of systems of energy transformers 1945 Alfred Lotka
Political physics 1951 Author[4]
Socio-economic thermodynamics 1954 Author[5]
Thermodynamics of humans 1956 Mehdi Bazargan
Economic thermodynamics 1962 Author[6]
Psychothermodynamics 1964 Jurgen Ruesch
Psychodynamics 1964 Eric Berne
Dynamic psychology 1969 John Bowlby
Homeokinetics 1970 Arthur Iberall (c.)
Social thermodynamics 1972 Marlan Blissett
Financial thermodynamics 1972 Daedalus
Ethnoenergetics 1973 Eugene Ruyle
Political thermodynamics 1973 Harold Nieburg
Sociophysics 1974 Arthur Iberall
Social engineering 1974 Arthur Iberall
Cultural thermodynamics 1974 Stanley Diamond
Socio-chemistry 1976 Michael Fores
Anthro-physics 1976 Michael Fores
Quantum economics 1978 Asghar Qadir[7]
Hierarchical thermodynamics 1978 Georgi Gladyshev


1980 Alexander Rosenberg
Ecological economics 1982 Robert Constanza
Physico-economics 1985 Malte Faber
Physico-chemical human behaviorism
(aka physico-chemical sociology)
1987 Mirza Beg
Thermoeconomics 1990 Bengt Mansson
Racial thermodynamics 1990 Richard Delgado
Relation thermodynamics 1992 Wayne Angel
Scientism 1995 Caspar Hakfoort
Econophysics 1995 Eugene Stanley
Eco-thermodynamics 1995 Robert Ayres
Religious thermodynamics 1995 Abdul Karim Surush (c.)
Animate thermodynamics 1997 Sture Nordholm
Crowd dynamics 2000 Keith Still
Physioeconomics 2000 Philip Parker
Relationship physics 2000 Christopher Hirata
Socio-economic systems physics 2001 German Physical Society[8]
Socio-thermodynamics 2002 Ingo Muller
Socio-economic physics 2002 German Physical Society
Physics in economics and social sciences 2003 Polish Physical Society (c.)
Social dynamics 2003 Raddai Raikhlin
Physical socio-economics
Applied thermodynamics: physical socio-economics
Econophysics and sociophysics
2006 Jurgen Mimkes
Human chemical thermodynamics 2007 Libb Thims
Human molecular dynamics 2007 Libb Thims
Scientific sociology 2008 John Macionis
Econo-engineering 2008 Gheorghe Savoiu
Ion Siman
Carbon entromorphology
(aka carbon entropy morphology)
2008 Mark Janes
Philosophical thermodynamics
Literature thermodynamics
Human statistical thermodynamics
Art thermodynamics
Human thermodynamics education
Business thermodynamics
History thermodynamics
Anthropological thermodynamics
2008 Libb Thims

Pattern chemist

2009 Yuri Tarnopolsky
Business chemistry 2009 Libb Thims
Human engineering thermodynamics
Humanities thermodynamics
Human molecular science
2010 Libb Thims
Human mathematics
Literature chemistry
War thermodynamics
Sustainability thermodynamics
2011 Libb Thims
Human molecular engineering
Human chemical engineering
Humanities engineering
Physical science applied humanities

Socio-physical chemistry
Socioeconomic chemical thermodynamics

2013 Libb Thims
Physical sociology 2103 Leon Warshay
Physical humanities
Physicochemical humanities
2014 Libb Thims


  1. Human chemical theory – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. Quetelet, Adolphe. (1835). Essay on Social Physics (aggregate quote, preface, pg. v). Publisher.
  3. Blanchard, Calvin. (1861). Religio-Political Physics: Or, The Science and Art of Man's Deliverance from Ignorance-engendered Mysticism, and Its Resulting Theo-Moral Quackery and Governmental Brigandage. Publisher.
  4. Author. (1948). “Article”, Physics Today, 4:#.
  5. Author. (1954). “Article” (socio-economic thermodynamics, pg. #), Technical Note, Issue 129-35. Publisher.
  6. Author. (1962). “Talk”, Organization Theory in Industrial Practices: a Symposium (economic thermodynamics, 32+ pgs). Wiley.
  7. Qadir, Asghar. (1978). “Article” (quantum economics pg. #), Pakistan Economic and Social Review, 16-17. Department of Economics. University of Punjab.
  8. Association of Physics of Socio-economic Systems (German [WB] → English) – German Physical Society.

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