Thims human molecular formula

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The Harvard BioNumbers definition (2015) of the molecular formula of a human, per citation of Thims (2002).[1] This can be compared their entry of the "empirical" human molecular formula.[2]

In hmolscience, Thims human molecular formula (TR:28) (LH:4) (TL:32), as compared to the 22-element Sterner-Elser human molecular formula (2000)[3], refers to the 26-element human molecular formula, empirical and molecular, of a human, calculated, independently, by Libb Thims in 2002.


Symbol view

In c.1995, Libb Thims, while studying physical chemistry and chemical thermodynamics, as chemical engineering student, while puzzled about the mechanisms, nature, meaning, presumed "purpose", and function of human "mate selection" and reproduction, in the bigger context of the operation of the universe, began to ruminate on human reproduction reaction, crudely then thought of as "male" M plus "female" F react to form a "baby" B, as follows:

M + F → B

What happens when you die?

Thims first scratch notes (c.2002) on the question of: what is a person, atomically speaking?

In c.2002, Thims, while drafting the chapter 19 "What happens when you die?", to his three-volume Human Thermodynamics, began to ruminate on the query "what is a human?", particularly in respect to the exact second a person ceases to exist. Shown adjacent are Thims first scratch notes on this subject. Starting from this seedling idea, following three months of rigorous research into the mass compositions of humans, Thims derived a 26-element human molecular formula, empirical and molecular, for an average 70 kg (154 lb) person, based on the the classic six CHNOPS-elements: C, H, N, O, P, S, plus the following 20-elements: Ca, K, Cl, Na, Mg, Fe, F, Zn, Si, Cu, B, I, Sn, Mn, Se, Cr, Ni, Mo, Co, and V.[4]


The Thims human "empirical molecular formula", which shows the the simplest positive integer ratio of atoms present in compound, molecule, or chemical species, is as follows:


In comparing these two formulas, the Sterner-Elser empirical human molecular formula (2000) with the Thims empirical human molecular formula (2002), we note that four elements, namely: B (boron), Ni (nickle), Sn (tin) and and V (vanadium), as shown highlighted yellow above, the functions of which in humans as summarized in "elements table" (Thims, 2008), are not seen in the Sterner-Elser formula, whereas they are shown in the Thims formula.[5] Here, in reoccurring reflection, we seem to be at a stage in evolution of human intellect, in respect to the elemental composition of humans, in regards to the seeming lack of exactness and interest in this potent subject, equivalent to how the Egyptians, four to five thousand years ago, thought the "brain" was a sort of "stuffing" for the skull, discarding it, during the embalming process, keeping the "heart", in a canopic jar, which they thought was the import part, per reason that they believed it contained the "soul" or the moral moving principle of humans. Granted, however, to note, as of 65 AE, presently, were are in a very young point in the atomic era.


The Thims human "molecular formula", which shows the atoms present in a compound, molecule, or chemical species, is as follows, ordered according to an atomic count ranking:


This 26-element formula was eventually printed in various early draft manuscripts, e.g. Human Thermodynamics (2002 to 2003) and Cessation Thermodynamics (2005), read by about 100 reviewers, online in 2005, in the “Molecular Evolution Table” (see: molecular evolution table), and in published book form in Human Chemistry (2007) and The Human Molecule (2008), cited variously thereafter, such as Kalyan Annamalai’s Advanced Engineering Thermodynamics (2011) and Harvard’s BioNumbers (2015).[6][7]


  1. Human molecular formula (molecular) – BioNumbers,
  2. Human molecular formula (empirical) – BioNumbers,
  3. Sterner-Elser human molecular formula (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  4. Human molecular formula – Hmolpedia 2020.
  5. Thims, Libb. (2008). The Human Molecule (elements table, pgs. 52-56). LuLu.
  6. Annamalai, Kalyan, Puri, Ishwar K., and Jog, Milind A. (2011). Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering (§14: Thermodynamics and Biological Systems, pgs. 709-99, contributed by Kalyan Annamalai and Carlos Silva; §14.4.1: Human body | Formulae, pgs. 726-27; Thims, ref. 88). CRC Press.
  7. (a) Thims human molecular formula (molecular) (2015) – Harvard BioNumbers.
    (b) Thims human molecular formula (empirical) (2015) – Harvard BioNumbers.

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