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In terminology, self refers to 
The following are related quotes:
- “No ‘thing’ whatever can be moved by its self, but its motion is effected through another. There is no other force.”
- — Leonardo Vinci (1490), notebook
- “My work is an assemblage of ‘essences’, which have been derived from the course of nature. This bears the name of ‘Goethe’.”
- “I cannot help thinking about the immediate circumstances which have brought a thing to pass, rather than about any ‘will’ setting them in motion. What is done by what is called my ‘self’ is, I feel, done by something greater than myself in me.”
- — James Maxwell (1879), “Comment to Fenton Hort (when terminally ill)”
- “The principle of inertia states that no physical corpuscle need be conceived as changing its motion except in the presence of other corpuscles, that there is no need of attributing to it any power of self-determination (p. 287). There are probably those who think some power of self-determination must be ascribed to the elementary organic corpuscle, but this seems very doubtful. Placed in a certain field, environed with other organic or inorganic corpuscles, the life-germ moves relatively to them in a certain manner, but there seems no reason to assert, indeed there are facts pointing in the exactly opposite direction, that any change of movement need be postulated were the life-germ entirely removed from this environment. Indeed the whole notion of self-determination as an attribute of living organisms seems to have arisen from those extremely complex systems of organic corpuscles, where the environment in the form of immediate sense-impressions determines change through a chain of stored sense-impresses peculiar to the individual or self (p. 124).”
- “No organism reproduces itself. The only thing that ever has had such a claim made for it was the phoenix.”
- “The idea of ‘self’ is worthless. It’s like the ‘soul’ in religion.”
- Pearson, Karl. (1892). The Grammar of Science (pgs. 124, 287, ). Adam, 1900.
- Ashby, W. Ross. (1962). “The Self-Reproducing System”, in: Aspects of the Theory of Artificial Intelligence (editor: Charles Muses) (pgs. 9-18). Plenum Press; in: Mechanisms of Intelligence (pgs. 75-83). Eipiphiny Society.
- See: John Stewart (1789).
- Self – Wikipedia.