Life sciences

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In terms, life sciences (LH:#) is an obsolete scientific term, formerly conceptualized as an umbrella term for subjects, collectively, e.g. physiology, biology, zoology, ecology, etc., that studied the function and behavior of organisms, e.g. microorganism, plants, insects, animals, humans, etc., and their habitat.

Overview

In 1892, Karl Pearson, in his §9 "Life", of his Grammar of Science, fully laid out the reform that was needed in respect to the terminology and conceptual understanding of what was then classified as "life", in light of the new physical view of things.

“The scrubby plantation by which mythology sought to screen human ignorance has become a forest. In saying that science is at present ignorant as to the ultimate origin of life, we must be careful to allow no metaphysical hypothesis of an ‘ultra-scientific cause’ to take root. We trust that light will come to science here, as it has come in equally difficult problems in the past.”
Karl Pearson (1892), Grammar of Science (§9.10: The Origin of Life in an ‘Ultra-Scientific’ Clause, pgs. 352-54)

In 1937, William Francis, in his "Origin of the Electric Potentials of Organisms in Iron", stated that the students of the "life sciences" for fifty years prior, had been reproached for their backwardness.

In 1940s, the term "life sciences" began to be classified as an oxymoron, i.e. a combination of contradictory or incongruous words, per reason that it began to become clear, particularly following Sherrington's Man on His Nature (1938) and Schrodinger's What is Life? (1944), that "science" did not know what "life" was?

In 2009, Libb Thims classified "life" as a "defunct scientific theory", after which a decade of "defunct theory of life debates" erupted.

In 66AE, Thims, in his Abioism: No Thing is Alive, formerly classified "life" and "bio" as nonexistent things, and introduced the "abioism glossary" and "abioism concept reform", similar to what Pearson has outlined a century earlier.

Quotes

The following are quotes:

“The reduction of the life processes to the same basis as the process of the physical world is a very significant development. The trend of several fundamental developments of the life sciences, in the last fifty years has been definitely towards the conception of the physical sciences. Students of the fifty-years have been reproached with their backwardness. Unfavorable comparisons have been made with the marked progress of the physical sciences. These reproaches arc justified no longer. Function and structure in the organic world are only extensions of force and matter in the inorganic world. Force and mutter of the inorganic world converge into the electromagnetic field. Similarly, structure and function of the organic world converge into the electromagnetic field. So the life sciences take their place with the physical sciences. The life sciences are physical sciences. The electromagnetic field is the realm of the life scientist as well as of the physical scientist.”
William Francis (1937), “The Origin of the Electric Potentials of Organisms in Iron: Electromagnetic Phenomena as the Common Basis of the Physical Sciences and of the Life Sciences” (pgs. 13-14) [1]

End matter

See also

References

  1. Francis, William D. (1937). Source (pgs. 13-14), Pamphlets on Biology, Kofoid Collection, 485:1-15.

External links

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