In hmolscience, human (TR:1268) (LH:121) (TL:1389|#13) is a powered turnover rate based molecular species, or chemical species, comprised of twenty-six elements, molecular formula: CHNOPS+20E (Thims, 2002), commonly found on earth, in the animate state.
Mixture of views
The following are listings of early models of humans:
|Ankh-powered clay form||Imhotep||2600BC|
|Four element + two force thing||Empedocles||450BC|
|Soul-powered automaton||Rene Descartes||1637|
|Necessarily organized portion of an eternal and necessary matter||Voltaire||1749|
|Point atom||Humphry Davy||1813|
|Animate combination of the universe||Percy Shelley||1815|
|Animated being||Henry Adams||1863|
|Organic individuality||Nathaniel Shaler||1891|
|Physico-chemical machine||Wilhelm Ostwald||1901|
|Chemical element||William Fairburn||1914|
|Atomic and molecular motion||Howard Lovecraft||1916|
|Steam engine||Felix Adler||1916|
|Batch of atoms||Paul Aebersold||1949|
|Batch of stable isotopes||Paul Aebersold||1949|
|Curiosity-based atomic thing||Richard Feynman||1963|
|Bunch of atoms||Michael Ruse||2000|
|Element (see: human element)||John Claxton||2006|
|Atomic geometry||Libb Thims||2012|
|Aware atomic assemblage||Taylor (Ѻ)||c.2015|
Wave / orbital models
The following are "wave" and or "orbital" models of humans:
|Turning tendency based wave-particle duality||Ernst Mach||1885|
|Wave function (see: human wave function)||Peter Atkins||1992|
|Quantum cloud||Antony Gormley||c.1998|
|Wave function / orbital (see: human molecular orbital)||Libb Thims||2003|
|Wave-particle being||Kendra Krueger||2018|
Early molecule models
The following are "wave" and or "orbital" models of humans:
|Molecular agent||Vilfredo Pareto||1907|
|Molecular person | Molecular entity||George Scott||1985|
|Molecular species||Mirza Beg||1987|
|Obscure lump of molecules||Barry Barnes||1998|
|Abstract molecule||Michael McLure||2002|
|Overgrown supermolecule||Peter Pogany||2006|
|Evolved animated molecular structure||Carolyn Porco||2006|
|Powered metabolic molecule||Libb Thims||2013|
|Meta-molecule (see: metabolism)||Thims||66AE|
The following table, a subsection from the larger historical physico-chemical definitions of a “human” table, gives an historical overview of the origination and development of the CHNOPS+ definition of a human, shown with terms "bolded" in respect to first historical usage:
|Phase ||Henry Adams||1908|
|C-H-N-O-S-P combination||Wilhelm Ostwald||1926|
|Evolved "CHNOPS" plus substance||Frank Thone||1936|
|CHNOPS system||George Armstrong||1964|
|CHNOPS organism||Harold Morowitz||1968|
|Carbon-based biped||Arthur Clarke||1970s|
|Powered CHNOPS+ matrix||Henry Swan||1974|
|22-element reactive abstract molecule ||Robert Sterner & James Elser||2000|
|26-element reactive molecule||Libb Thims||2002|
|HOCN based mega-molecule||Rohann Solare||2009|
|26-element energy / heat-driven  atomic structure||Kalyan Annamalai & Carlos Silva | Thims citation||2011|
|22-element formula||Neil Shubin | Sterner citation||2013|
|Powered  surface-attached, coupled, 26-element, turnover-rate, freely-running  molecule||Thims||2013|
|Solar-powered  atomic geometry||Thims (Ѻ)||2014|
|CHNOPS+20 chemical species||Thims||2015|
|Powered CHNOPS+20  molecule||Thims||2015|
|Electrochemical process||Anon | Thims citation (Ѻ)||2015|
|Powered CHNOPS+20 phase ||Thims (Ѻ)||2016|
|CxHy+24 element thing ||Thims (Ѻ)||2017|
|Powered CHNOPS+20 thing (Ѻ)||Thims (Ѻ)||2018|
|Powered CHNOPS+20 element existive ||Thims||2020|
|Powered CHNOPS+20E  existive||Thims||2020|
|Powered CHNOPS+20E bound state ||Thims||2020|
- See: CHNOPS+20E.
- Note: this definition was modeled on the water definition (17 Jun 66AE).
- Human (WikiFoundry subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Note: this was what Voltaire asked Diderot he believed he was, after reading Diderot's Letter on the Blind, instead of being one of "god's works".
- Note: the term “phase” (see: social phase), refers to the definition of a human as a “phase” as Willard Gibbs (1876) defines phases, in chemical thermodynamics, or isothermal-isobaric physico-chemical states of existences. It is a complicated term, to say the least.
- Note A: the definition of a human as a “molecule”, originated in the 1789 writings of Jean Sales who defined a human as a “human molecule”.
Note B: the definition of a human as a “molecule”, in the early 20th century, has resulted in a certain amount of like (see: I AM a molecule) and also dislike (see: I am NOT a molecule, argument, repugnance (see: video, “objections to” section (Ѻ), and thread. Certainly, if a “molecule”, by definition, is a thing comprised of two or more atoms, then a human is indeed a molecule or a “mega-molecule” (Solare, 2009). However, things such as metabolism and turnover rate, complicate the simplistic model of the basic molecule, for example, as a two-element molecule.
Note B: alternative “molecule” synonyms, as employed in use (above table), include: combination, substance, system, matrix, atomic structure, atomic geometry, chemical species, process, thing, existive, or elemental existive.
- Note: the term “heat-driven” (Annamalai, 2011) is a physico-chemically neutral terminology alternative to the now-defunct (Thims, 2009) term “alive”, in the sense that one cannot, technically, say that a human is a “living atomic structure”, per reason that life does not exist (see: abioism.
- Note: the usage of “powered” here (Thims, 2013) is a reference to Henry Swan’s 1974 introduction of defining an organism as a “powered” CHNOPS+ matrix; this works as a physico-chemical neutral terminology upgrade (see: life terminology upgrades) in replacement for the now-defunct term “living” (Thims, 2009), such as formerly employed in terms such as “living molecule”, “living earth”, “living universe”, or defining a human as a “living mega-molecule”, etc.
- Note A: the term “coupled”, employed here (Thims, 2013), is a reference to “social coupling theory”, meaning that endergonic social reactions are “coupled”, in Fritz Lippman (1941) sense of the matter (see: coupling), to exergonic social reactions. This, however, is a very advanced topic.
Note B: An outline of “social coupling theory”, in terms of Gibbs energies, is summarized in the 2015 Atheism for Kids video lectures (e.g. lecture #11).
- Note: the term “turnover rate” (Thims, 2013) is a reference to the 1949 atomic turnover radioisotope studies (see: turnover rate) of Paul Aebersold, who found that 98 percent of the atoms of organism “turned over”, i.e. replaced with new atoms.
- Note: the “freely-running” (Thims, 2013) is a reference to Gilbert Lewis’ 1923 distinction of a reaction which “runs freely, like the combustion of a fuel, or the action of an acid on a metal” as compared to a chemical process that is in some way “harnessed for the production of useful work” (see: freely-running).
- Note: in respect to defining the humans as “solar-powered” things, while in the big picture view of things this is true, in the sense that all animation seen above or below the surface of the earth is ultimately derived from heat input from the sun, when we look at the specific mechanism of what “powers” or “drives” a human, we see that, in an evolutionary psychology mechanistic sense of things, (a) we acknowledge that humans are foodstuff-powered, firstly, and (b) the photon exchange force of sensory stimuli, e.g. visual, auditory, and tactile stimuli, also act as powerful drivers of human movement, such as seen in the phenomenon of love and war and the general developed passions of human existence, which cannot simply be classified as “solar-powering” phenomena.
- Note: the use of the “+” symbol here (Thims, 2015), which was employed on Thims poster card periodic table that he used during the “Atheism for Kids” lecture, is a symbol shorthand for Frank Throne’s 1934 article picture of a sun-powered plant labeled as a “Chnops Plus” system, defining a plant as a solar-powered system made of the six CHNOPS elements "plus" the elements potassium and calcium, among a few others, as he was able to determine at the time.
- Note: the usage of the term “phase” here (Thims, 2016), is reference to Henry Adams’ 1908 definition of himself as a “phase” (see: social phase), as per Willard Gibbs (1876) defines phases, chemical thermodynamically.
- Note: the term “thing”, employed here (Thims, 2017), is a reference to famous “thing philosophy”, employed by various, pre-Christian era, Roman and Greek philosopher.
- Note: the term “existive” (see: existive), used here (Thims, 2020), is a c.2013 Hmolpedia-introduced term, employed as a physico-chemically neutral terminology alternative to “alive”, such as needed in the drafting of the “smartest person alive” article turned video series, per reason that, in the modern day and age, the “smartest person alive” would know that they are NOT alive, technically speaking; the term “existive” also is employed in the Aristotle style or way of defining things as “existents”.
- Note: the exact date as to when the “20E” shorthand, where “E = Element”, was first used by Thims remains to be tracked down (e.g. it is not found in Aug Hmolpedia2020 pdf); it seems to have been first employed in the early 2020 draft versions of HCT; also employed in the Sep 2020 launching homepage of the new Hmolpedia.com wiki to define a human, in the simplest possible manner.
- Note: this phrasing came to mind in reflection on the 21 Dec 2020 HCT cover, while running through the mind the process of introducing this cover to a class, and listing of the historical objects, e.g. "I'm not a thing", "I'm not a chemical", "I'm not a molecule", etc, hence the definitive and neutral term "bound state" came to mind.
- Human – Hmolpedia 2020.