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In hmolscience, human (TR:1268) (LH:121) (TL:1389|#13) is a powered turnover rate based molecular species, or chemical species, comprised of twenty-six elements, molecular formula: CHNOPS+20E (Thims, 2002)[1], commonly found on earth, in the animate state.[2]

Early models

Mixture of views

The following are listings of early models of humans:[3]

Mixture of Early Models
Term Author Date
Ankh-powered clay form Imhotep 2600BC
Four element + two force thing Empedocles 450BC
Soul-powered automaton Rene Descartes 1637
Necessarily organized portion of an eternal and necessary matter Voltaire[4] 1749
Thinking atoms Voltaire 1755
Tormented atoms Voltaire 1755
Point atom Humphry Davy 1813
Animate combination of the universe Percy Shelley 1815
Animated being Henry Adams 1863
Organic individuality Nathaniel Shaler 1891
Physico-chemical machine Wilhelm Ostwald 1901
Chemical Thomas Dreier 1910
Chemical element William Fairburn 1914
Atomic and molecular motion Howard Lovecraft 1916
Steam engine Felix Adler 1916
Batch of atoms Paul Aebersold 1949
Batch of stable isotopes Paul Aebersold 1949
Curiosity-based atomic thing Richard Feynman 1963
Atomism Arthur Iberall 1987
Bunch of atoms Michael Ruse 2000
Element (see: human element) John Claxton 2006
Atomic geometry Libb Thims 2012
Aware atomic assemblage Taylor (Ѻ) c.2015

Wave / orbital models

The following are "wave" and or "orbital" models of humans:[3]

Wave / Orbital Models
Name Author Date
Turning tendency based wave-particle duality Ernst Mach 1885
Wave function (see: human wave function) Peter Atkins 1992
Quantum cloud Antony Gormley c.1998
Wave function / orbital (see: human molecular orbital) Libb Thims 2003
Wave-particle being Kendra Krueger 2018

Early molecule models

The following are "wave" and or "orbital" models of humans:[3]

Molecule Models
Name Author Date
Molecule Jean Sales 1789
Molecular agent Vilfredo Pareto 1907
Molecular person | Molecular entity George Scott 1985
Molecular species Mirza Beg 1987
Supermolecule Jean-Marie Lehn 1995
Obscure lump of molecules Barry Barnes 1998
Abstract molecule Michael McLure 2002
Overgrown supermolecule Peter Pogany 2006
Evolved animated molecular structure Carolyn Porco 2006
Powered metabolic molecule Libb Thims 2013
Meta-molecule (see: metabolism) Thims 66AE

Modern models

The following table, a subsection from the larger historical physico-chemical definitions of a “human” table, gives an historical overview of the origination and development of the CHNOPS+ definition of a human, shown with terms "bolded" in respect to first historical usage:[3]

Term Author Date
Phase [5] Henry Adams 1908
C-H-N-O-S-P combination Wilhelm Ostwald 1926
Evolved "CHNOPS" plus substance Frank Thone 1936
CHNOPS system George Armstrong 1964
CHNOPS organism Harold Morowitz 1968
Carbon-based biped Arthur Clarke 1970s
Powered CHNOPS+ matrix Henry Swan 1974
22-element reactive abstract molecule [6] Robert Sterner & James Elser 2000
26-element reactive molecule Libb Thims 2002
HOCN based mega-molecule Rohann Solare 2009
26-element energy / heat-driven [7] atomic structure Kalyan Annamalai & Carlos Silva | Thims citation 2011
22-element formula Neil Shubin | Sterner citation 2013
Powered [8] surface-attached, coupled[9], 26-element, turnover-rate[10], freely-running [11] molecule Thims 2013
Solar-powered [12] atomic geometry Thims (Ѻ) 2014
CHNOPS+20 chemical species Thims 2015
Powered CHNOPS+20 [13] molecule Thims 2015
Electrochemical process Anon | Thims citation (Ѻ) 2015
Powered CHNOPS+20 phase [14] Thims (Ѻ) 2016
CxHy+24 element thing [15] Thims (Ѻ) 2017
Powered CHNOPS+20 thing (Ѻ) Thims (Ѻ) 2018
Powered CHNOPS+20 element existive [16] Thims 2020
Powered CHNOPS+20E [17] existive Thims 2020
Powered CHNOPS+20E bound state [18] Thims 2020

End matter

See also


  1. See: CHNOPS+20E.
  2. Note: this definition was modeled on the water definition (17 Jun 66AE).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Human (WikiFoundry subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  4. Note: this was what Voltaire asked Diderot he believed he was, after reading Diderot's Letter on the Blind, instead of being one of "god's works".
  5. Note: the term “phase” (see: social phase), refers to the definition of a human as a “phase” as Willard Gibbs (1876) defines phases, in chemical thermodynamics, or isothermal-isobaric physico-chemical states of existences. It is a complicated term, to say the least.
  6. Note A: the definition of a human as a “molecule”, originated in the 1789 writings of Jean Sales who defined a human as a “human molecule”.
    Note B: the definition of a human as a “molecule”, in the early 20th century, has resulted in a certain amount of like (see: I AM a molecule) and also dislike (see: I am NOT a molecule, argument, repugnance (see: video, “objections to” section (Ѻ), and thread. Certainly, if a “molecule”, by definition, is a thing comprised of two or more atoms, then a human is indeed a molecule or a “mega-molecule” (Solare, 2009). However, things such as metabolism and turnover rate, complicate the simplistic model of the basic molecule, for example,   as a two-element molecule.
    Note B: alternative “molecule” synonyms, as employed in use (above table), include: combination, substance, system, matrix, atomic structure, atomic geometry, chemical species, process, thing, existive, or elemental existive.
  7. Note: the term “heat-driven” (Annamalai, 2011) is a physico-chemically neutral terminology alternative to the now-defunct (Thims, 2009) term “alive”, in the sense that one cannot, technically, say that a human is a “living atomic structure”, per reason that life does not exist (see: abioism.
  8. Note: the usage of “powered” here (Thims, 2013) is a reference to Henry Swan’s 1974 introduction of defining an organism as a “powered” CHNOPS+ matrix; this works as a physico-chemical neutral terminology upgrade (see: life terminology upgrades) in replacement for the now-defunct term “living” (Thims, 2009), such as formerly employed in terms such as “living molecule”, “living earth”, “living universe”, or defining a human as a “living mega-molecule”, etc.
  9. Note A: the term “coupled”, employed here (Thims, 2013), is a reference to “social coupling theory”, meaning that endergonic social reactions are “coupled”, in Fritz Lippman (1941) sense of the matter (see: coupling), to exergonic social reactions. This, however, is a very advanced topic.
    Note B: An outline of “social coupling theory”, in terms of Gibbs energies, is summarized in the 2015 Atheism for Kids video lectures (e.g. lecture #11).
  10. Note: the term “turnover rate” (Thims, 2013) is a reference to the 1949 atomic turnover radioisotope studies (see: turnover rate) of Paul Aebersold, who found that 98 percent of the atoms of organism “turned over”, i.e. replaced with new atoms.
  11. Note: the “freely-running” (Thims, 2013) is a reference to Gilbert Lewis’ 1923 distinction of a reaction which “runs freely, like the combustion of a fuel, or the action of an acid on a metal” as compared to a chemical process that is in some way “harnessed for the production of useful work” (see: freely-running).
  12. Note: in respect to defining the humans as “solar-powered” things, while in the big picture view of things this is true, in the sense that all animation seen above or below the surface of the earth is ultimately derived from heat input from the sun, when we look at the specific mechanism of what “powers” or “drives” a human, we see that, in an evolutionary psychology mechanistic sense of things, (a) we acknowledge that humans are foodstuff-powered, firstly, and (b) the photon exchange force of sensory stimuli, e.g. visual, auditory, and tactile stimuli, also act as powerful drivers of human movement, such as seen in the phenomenon of love and war and the general developed passions of human existence, which cannot simply be classified as “solar-powering” phenomena.
  13. Note: the use of the “+” symbol here (Thims, 2015), which was employed on Thims poster card periodic table that he used during the “Atheism for Kids” lecture, is a symbol shorthand for Frank Throne’s 1934 article picture of a sun-powered plant labeled as a “Chnops Plus” system, defining a plant as a solar-powered system made of the six CHNOPS elements "plus" the elements potassium and calcium, among a few others, as he was able to determine at the time.
  14. Note: the usage of the term “phase” here (Thims, 2016), is reference to Henry Adams’ 1908 definition of himself as a “phase” (see: social phase), as per Willard Gibbs (1876) defines phases, chemical thermodynamically.
  15. Note: the term “thing”, employed here (Thims, 2017), is a reference to famous “thing philosophy”, employed by various, pre-Christian era, Roman and Greek philosopher.
  16. Note: the term “existive” (see: existive), used here (Thims, 2020), is a c.2013 Hmolpedia-introduced term, employed as a physico-chemically neutral terminology alternative to “alive”, such as needed in the drafting of the “smartest person alive” article turned video series, per reason that, in the modern day and age, the “smartest person alive” would know that they are NOT alive, technically speaking; the term “existive” also is employed in the Aristotle style or way of defining things as “existents”.
  17. Note: the exact date as to when the “20E” shorthand, where “E = Element”, was first used by Thims remains to be tracked down (e.g. it is not found in Aug Hmolpedia2020 pdf); it seems to have been first employed in the early 2020 draft versions of HCT; also employed in the Sep 2020 launching homepage of the new wiki to define a human, in the simplest possible manner.
  18. Note: this phrasing came to mind in reflection on the 21 Dec 2020 HCT cover, while running through the mind the process of introducing this cover to a class, and listing of the historical objects, e.g. "I'm not a thing", "I'm not a chemical", "I'm not a molecule", etc, hence the definitive and neutral term "bound state" came to mind.

External links

  • Human – Hmolpedia 2020.