Horus

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Various depictions of Horus, a falcon-themed sun god, and oldest god of Egypt (Budge, 1904), whose Hor-prefix is found in the names of pre-dynastic pharaohs[1], e.g. Hedju-Hor (c.3240BC)[2], whose name means “maces of Horus”. The photo at left shows Horus, with a Wadjet behind him, standing on a box (e.g. Hathor?), which is held up by the Ka symbol. The human-seated version of Horus, from the Papyrus of Ani (c.1250BC), is shown with the hieroglyphic label: “Horus the eyeless”. In four pictures, Horus is shown wearing the Pschent[3] or “double crown”, signifying rule of upper and lower Egypt.

In Egyptian mythology, Horus (TR:350) (LH:59) (TL:409|#83), hieroglyph: Horus HG5.png, Horus HG6.png, or Horus HG9.png, among others[4], is an ancient falcon-shaped sun god (c.3500BC), whose early period little is known. In c.3000BC, during the Heliopolis recension, Horus was absorbed into the Heliopolis creation myth, where he became the son of Osiris and Isis, and stepbrother to Anubis.

Overview

The god Horus is a falcon-themed sun god, characterized as the oldest god of Egypt (Budge, 1904). The Hor-prefix is found in the names of pre-dynastic pharaohs[1], e.g. Hedju-Hor (c.3240BC)[2], whose name means “maces of Horus”, Ny-Hor (c.3200BC), Hat-Hor (c.3200BC), Hor-Aha (3125BC)[5], “Horus Bird King” (2900BC).

Pharaohs or kings began to define themselves by “five great names”, the first of which being the “Horus name” (or serekh name), indicated by the type of animal (typically the falcon, meaning “Horus”, but sometimes a jackal, meaning “Set”), sitting on the top of the rectangle enclosure, called the “serekh”, which contain the four other names inside:

 

Derived terms

Horus derived terms include: hour, horizon, meaning "zone of Horus", horoscope, meaning "scope of Horus", Jesus, the Roman recension of Horus (or Osiris-Horus syncretism), Thor, the Nordic rescript of Horus.

Quotes

The following are related quotes:

Eudoxus says that, while many tombs of Osiris are spoken of in Egypt, his body lies in Busiris ; for this was the place of his birth; moreover, Taphosiris requires no comment, for the name itself means ‘the tomb of Osiris’. I pass over the cutting of wood, a the rending of linen, and the libations that are offered, for the reason that many of their secret rites are involved therein. In regard not only to these gods, but in regard to the other gods, save only those whose existence had no beginning and shall have no end, the priests say that their bodies, after they have done with their labours, have been placed in the keeping of the priests and are cherished there, but that their souls shine as the stars in the firmament, and the soul of Isis is called by the Greeks the Dog-star, but by the Egyptians Sothis, and the soul of Horus is called Orion, and the soul of Typhon the Bear. Also they say that all the other Egyptians pay the agreed assessment for the entombment of the animals held in honour? but that the inhabitants of the Theban territory only do not contribute because they believe in no mortal god, but only in the god whom they call Kneph, whose existence had no beginning and shall have no end.”
Plutarch (100AD), On Isis and Osiris [6]
Horus is the oldest god of all; the oldest of all Egyptian gods.”
— Wallis Budge (1904), The Gods of Egypt, Volume One
 
A 2020 depiction of "Helios-Horus"[7], themed on the c.325BC title of Alexander defined as the "god Horus" in one of his titles.[8]
“The word ‘Horus" in Irenaeus's discourse on the Marcosians, in which he relates that they ‘say that this is an image of Horus, encircling their thirty-named mother’, is often translated as ‘limit’, after the Greek word Horos or Ορος. The term for the god Horus used by Plutarch (38, 366A) and other Greek writers was in fact Ωρος — Horos. While pronounced the same, the two words are spelled differently in Greek, the term for ‘limit’ or ‘boundary’ starting with the Greek letter omicron (‘Ο’), while the Egyptian god's name begins with an omega (‘Ω’). Nevertheless, the word for ‘hour’ or ‘limited time’ is ωρα — hora — beginning with an omega, which would indicate that all three terms are cognates, especially since Horus himself has been identified with time, having been said to be the originator of 12 hours or ωρες / hares in the Greek, a word claimed by Horapollo to come from Horus’ name. Plutarch (38, 366A) also noted the correspondence between Hora and Horus, remarking: ‘The all-conserving and fostering Hora, that is the seasonable tempering of the surrounding air, is Horus.’ Plutarch's word ‘Hora’ is the same as that above, referring to a time period as well as a season or climate. Furthermore, the past tense of the ancient Greek verb ‘to limit’ — οριζω — is ωρισα, with an omega, the same as in the name Horus.”
Dorothy Murdock (2008), Christ in Egypt (pg. 224) [9]
“The ancient Egyptians had personifications for daytime and nighttime. The Egyptian god Horus represented the day. From the name Horus we get the English words ‘horizon’ which is to say, ‘Horus has risen’ and ‘hour’. The Egyptian god Seth (Set) represented the night skies. From Seth we get the English term ‘sunset’ which is to say, ‘sun-seth’. The ancient Egyptians also had an allegory concerning the two Egyptian gods. It was said, every morning Horus would crush the wicked Seth in battle while at evening, Seth would win the battle over Horus and send him to the underworld. ”
— Michael Cage (2015), Illuminati Bible: Hidden Wisdom of Alpha and Omega (pg. #) [10]

End matter

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 List of pharaohs (predynastic) – Wikipedia.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hedju Hor – Wikipedia.
  3. Pschent – Wikipedia.
  4. Horus-falcon (hieroglyphs) – Wikimedia Commons.
  5. Hor-Aha – Wikipedia.
  6. Plutarch. (c.100AD). Isis and Osiris; in: Plutarch's Moralia, Volume Five (pdf) (pg. 25-27; Osiris tomb, pg. 53-54) (Introduction: Victor Hanson). Harvard University Press.
  7. Helios-Horus – BerenikeStudio.com.
  8. Wilcken, Ulrich. (1967). Alexander the Great (pg. 114). Publisher.
  9. Murdock, Dorothy. (2008). Christ in Egypt: the Horus-Jesus Connection (pg. 224). Publisher.
  10. Cage, Michael. (2015). Illuminati Bible: Hidden Wisdom of Alpha and Omega (pg. #). LuLu.

Further reading

External links

  • Horus – Hmolpedia 2020.