Void

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The basic model of the Egyptian Nun or Ogdoad, the god personification of the beginning, as watery abyss, void, emptiness, chaos, or space, out of which land arose (god: Atum), out of the tip of which the sun god (god: Ra) was born, from which all the other gods were engendered, namely: air (god: Shu) and Tefnut (moisture); earth (god: Geb) and sky (god: Nut); then Osiris, Isis, Set, and Nephthys.

In terminology, void (TR:104), aka "vacuum" (TR:305) or empty "space" (TR:76), refers to []

Egyptian mythology

In Egypt, the beginning of the all things was said to have come out of a void, emptiness, or watery abyss; a model based on perceptual view that, following the end of the annual 150-day Nile River flood, that land that "seems" to rise out of the water (or abyss), as the flood resides:[1]

Nile flood (land rising).png

Nun

In Heliopolis (2500BC), in the Heliopolis creation myth, the void or watery abyss was called the god Nun.

Ogdoad

In Hermopolis (2400BC), in their Hermopolis creation myth, the void or watery abyss nature of the Nun was broken up into eight parts, and called the Ogdoad, as follows:

  1. Nun (male) and Naunet (female) | Primeval watery abyss (or chaos)
  2. Huh (male) and Hauhet (female) | Space or infinity (or void)
  3. Kuk (male) and Kauket (female) | Darkness
  4. Amen (male) and Amenent or Amaunet (female) or Niau Niaut [alternative] | Hiddenness

Here, the gods Huh and Hauhet seem to the closest equivalent to what we now defined as emptiness, vacuum, or void.

Greece

In 1000BC, the Greek alphabet was developed, which in large part was framed on the basics of Egyptian religio-mythology based cosmology, wherein, e.g. the fourth letter Delta "Δ" became D with a numerical value of 4, symbolic of the void, and the ninth letter Theta "Θ", which makes sound "Th-", the root of both theology and thermodynamics, numerical value 9, symbolic of the "sun god" and the Heliopolis Ennead.

Greek mythology

In 800BC, Hesiod, in his Theogonia, replaced the Egyptian Ogdoad / Nun model with the word “chaos”, as follows:

Hesiod creation myth.png

and therefrom scripts out the Greek pantheon, all being descendant from this original "chaos".

Greek philosophy

Aristotle's model of space (or void): a vessel which has its contents poured out or removed.[2]

In 470BC, Parmenides denied that a void (or vacuum) could exist.[3]

In 330BC, Aristotle had disposed of the god nature of chaos, void, or emptiness, but devoted a large amount of his Physics book to a digression on “empty space” and whether or not such a thing can exist.[3]

“The ‘plenum’ [space with atoms] and ‘void’ [space without atoms], according to Democritus, exist, the one as ‘being’, the other as ‘not being’.”
— Aristotle (350BC), Physics (§1.4)
“The theory that the ‘void’ exist, involves the existence of place, for one would define void as a place bereft of body.”
— Aristotle (350BC), Physics (§1.4, pg. 355)

Renaissance

In 1508, beginning with da Vinci and his gunpowder engine, to 1690, ending with Papin and his heat engine, after humanity had begun to come out of the dark ages, the question of the vacuum or void began to occupy all the greatest minds, for the next two centuries, culminating in the science of thermodynamics in 1865, with the publication of Clausius’ On the Mechanical Theory of Heat.[3]

References

  1. Noah’s flood – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. Thims, Libb. (2020). Human Chemical Thermodynamics — Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities: Meaning, Morality, Purpose; Sociology, Economics, Ecology; History, Philosophy, Government, Anthropology, Politics, Business, Jurisprudence; Religion, Relationships, Warfare, and Love (§2: Alphabet) (pdf). Publisher.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Thims, Libb. (2020). Human Chemical Thermodynamics — Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities: Meaning, Morality, Purpose; Sociology, Economics, Ecology; History, Philosophy, Government, Anthropology, Politics, Business, Jurisprudence; Religion, Relationships, Warfare, and Love (§2: Alphabet) (pdf). Publisher.

External links

  • Void – Hmolpedia 2020.
  • Vacuum – Hmolpedia 2020.
  • Space – Hmolpedia 2020.
Theta Delta ics T2.jpg