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In terminology, universe, from Latin unus  “one” + versus “to turn”, refers to the whole world, cosmos, the totality of existing things, turned into one or considered at once.[1]



The law of the universe, according to chemistry, is:

All things are the result of atoms and void.


The first four laws of the universe, according to physics, are:

1st. Every body perseveres in its state of being at rest or of moving uniformly straight forward, except insofar as it is compelled to change its state by forces impressed.
2nd. A change in motion is proportional to the motive force impressed and takes place along the straight line in which that force is impressed.
3rd. To any action there is always an opposite and equal reaction; in other words, the actions of two bodies upon each other are always equal and always opposite in direction.
4th. All bodies attract toward each other by a force proportional to the product of their masses and inversely to square of their distance of separation.


The four universal laws of thermodynamics are:

0th. Two bodies in thermal equilibrium with a third body are also in equilibrium with each other.
1st. The energy of the universe is constant
2nd. The entropy of the universe tends to a maximum.
3rd. No finite sequence of cyclical processes processes can succeed in cooling a body to absolute zero.


The following are related quotes:

“The mind is nothing but the result of an organic combination of physical powers. The universe is, as it were, a chemical, magnetical, electrical, etc., laboratory, in which, the material powers (also called vital powers) consummate their unceasing changes and transformations. Where one formation ceases [final state], another begins [initial state]. Even the corpse of man lives; but this is no longer human life, it is only the life of ‘anorganic’ nature [see: inorganic life], to which the human form, after its dissolution, returns, and out of which ‘organic’ nature reproduces itself. There is no thing dead in the world, and dying implies only a retransformation to the material of common life.”
— Karl Heinzen (1856), Six Letters to a Pious Man (quote [truncated], pg. 14) [2]


  1. Universe – EtymOnline.com.
  2. Heinzen, Karl. (1846). Six Letters to a Pious Man: Introduced by an Address to Bishop Hughes (translator: American Lady) (quote, pg. 14). Publisher, 1856.

Further reading

  • Arrhenius, Svante. (1907). Worlds in the Making: the Evolution of the Universe (translator: H. Borns). Publisher.

External links

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