Top 2000 geniuses and minds
In genius studies, top 2000 geniuses and minds refers to a ranked mixture of the top two-thousand supreme "geniuses", superior "intellects", biggest "minds", and newly-being-digested "thinkers", labeling-divides yet to be discerned (Hollingworth, 1938), of all time, ordered via "real IQ", on ten wiki pages.
A "point” is made, herein, to distinguish between “profound geniuses”, e.g. Goethe, Shelley, Gibbs, Maxwell, etc., “mundane geniuses”, e.g. Benz, Hollerith, Guttenberg, etc., and "niche geniuses", e.g. Jenkins, a recent steroid chemistry genius. Thinkers, herein, said another way, are gauged in respect to the size of the "fish" they went after. There are, in this sense, "big fish geniuses" and "little fish geniuses".
In other words, while some may "think about flying", e.g. Da Vinci, others "fly", e.g. Montgolfier, some “fly us the moon”, e.g. Braun, a rare few, e.g. Aristotle, ruminate on "why" we fly (or move) in the first place, particularly in respect to the more deeply-puzzled words “love”  and "meaning", and a few from a universal perspective.
The following is a work-in-progress meta-analysis (see: IQ key) ranking of the greatest, top, supreme, brightest, and or most-profound “geniuses”, superior intellects, and new minds of all time. The seeds of the list are a mixture of the: Thims 97 (2005), Cox 300 (1926), Buzan 100 (1994), and the infamous "Thims 32" (2010) list, respectively, among others (see: reference list).
The "real IQ" ( or IQR), as compared to other non-real IQs, is shown for each individual, as are extant calculations and or estimates. The real IQ of each person has been adjusted to fit realistically around the two century-plus digested Cox-Buzan-Platt-Thims IQs, namely those of Newton ( = 199) and Darwin ( = 175). The IQD column shows a person's "IQ density" (), or "real IQ" divided by "age" (column A), which yields a ranking of the mean density or intensity the work produced by the genius, per year of existence. The "steady" , "up" , "down" , and "wavy" indicators, in each ranking #, give indication on whether they are in the process of migrating upwards, downwards, "holding steady", or in a wave, processing or "undecided" state. See also the Reddit RealGeniuses community for updated discussion.
Geniuses | Higher minds
The following is a ranked listing of envisioned higher-then-human-intelligence conceptualized "minds", either futuristic, e.g. Hari Seldon, legendary, e.g. Faust, scientific "minds", e.g. Boscovich's "finite mine", or "demons", e.g. Maxwell's demon, among newer fictional geniuses, e.g. Eddie Morra, who takes "mind pills" so to tap into his James-based unrealized 90% unused mind potential (see: 10 percent myth); the majority of which being devised by actual geniuses; each character is shown with crudely-guesstimated hypothetical IQ () of such a "mind" were it to exist:
|#||Intellect||IQ Intellect||Abilities||Inventor||Inventor IQ||Country|
|=250||An anti-chance, atheism-explicit, atomic theory based intellect, able to understand and see all revolutions in the universe, from both the physics and moral point of view, by “exactly” knowing the “communicated forces” and “different energies acting in each case”, and therein have an understanding capacitated to rate all the action and re-action, of the minds and bodies of those who contributed to the revolution.||Baron d'Holbach
|=225||Based on the semi-legendary Johann Faust (c.1485-c.1540), who, as the legend goes, after going through all of the branches of knowledge, e.g. arts, science, theology, jurisprudence, medicine, law, philosophy, etc., in search of truth, meaning, and understanding, but finding only polemics, exegesis, dogmatism, babble, distortions, along with “shadows, vapors, follies, bound into a system”, and "vanity", seeks out the "devil" who tells him the answer to every question he asks, therein satisfying his mind, albeit in return for the sale of his soul.||Johann Goethe
|Someone, in the future, who introduces a new value system, not tied to the “other-worldliness” of current religions, such as Christianity, but to the real “earthly-world”, who, therein, banishes nihilism, and fills the growing moral vacuum, formed in the wake of the death of belief in the existence of god (see: god is dead); moreover, someone who frees people from “speaking like children”, in employing rote phrases such as “I am body and soul”, but rather says, when “awakened and enlightened” (Thus Spoke Zarathustra, pg. 61), something akin to: “I am body entirely, and nothing beside’ and ‘soul’ is only a word for some ‘thing’ in the body”; some have claimed that Nietzsche, in his writings, alluded to the following uberman model archetypes: Socrates, Caesar, da Vinci, Michelangelo, Shakespeare, Goethe, and Napoleon (Hayes, 2002); Nietzsche, himself, in his last 1887 will to power fragments, cites: Caesar, Homer, Aristophanes, da Vinci, and Goethe, as examples of “great human beings”; Heraclitus is frequently employed in his writings; many consider Goethe as the closest Nietzsche came to naming the Ubermensch.||Friedrich Nietzsche
||Adams' another Newton
|=225||A future person, who firstly comes to define themselves as either a "phase" (see: social phase) or a "human molecule", in a physico-chemical sense, and is able to model all of human history, including interpersonal sexual relationships, and the rise and falls of civilizations, and the seeming "cause and effect" details of government, e.g. the years of Jefferson administration, via the chemical thermodynamics of Willard Gibbs, scaled up to social dynamics.||Henry Adams
|=220||An intellect who knows the precise location an momentum of every atom in the universe, then, using Newton’ laws of motion, could reveal the entire course of cosmic events, past and future; a variant of Holbach's geometrician.||Pierre Laplace
|6.||Hawking's mind of god
|=||“Before we understand science, it is natural believe that god created the universe. But now science offers a more convincing explanation. What I meant [in A Brief History of Time (1988) (Ѻ)] by ‘we would know the mind of god’ is, we would know everything that god would know, if there were a god. Which there isn’t. I’m an atheist.”
(13 BE-64 AE)
|7.||Boscovich's finite mind
|=220||A finite, brilliant, powerful “mind”, that surpasses all the powers of the human intellect, but like a “geometer can easily see thus far, that problems are determinate”, is able to use the “law of force” to measure the curves of motion of all points of matter, and therein “to foresee all the necessary subsequent motions and states, and to predict all the phenomena that necessarily followed from them”.||Roger Boscovich
|=215||Someone, in the future, who can unify “theoretical biology”, in respect to “emergence, the physicochemical, the organismal, the mental and the social”, applicable to both human societies and insect societies; it was posited, by Wheeler, that it will take a “few” such super-Einsteins to do the job; he might have had Lawrence Henderson in mind as a prototype or archetype.||William Wheeler
|=215||An intelligent being that is able to "see" the speeds of atoms and molecules (in a gas), and thus separate them into slow (cold) and fast (hot) groupings, and thus circumvent or reverse the second law of thermodynamics.||James Maxwell
|=215||A professor, from the far distant future, who uses the kinetic theory of gases to devise a a new science called “psychohistory”, which is able to predict the “overall behavior of human societies even though the solutions would not apply to the behavior of individual human beings”, and thereby predict the eventual fall of the Galactic Empire.||Isaac Asimov
(35 BE-37 AE)
|13.||Fosdick's new Aristotle
|=215||Someone able to find or discern a "moral equivalent of war".||Raymond Fosdick
|=||A "sufficient intellect", with knowledge of the properties of the molecules and forces possessed by the molecules of the primitive nebulosity (see: nebular hypothesis), able to predict the state of fauna of Great Britain with as much certainty as one could predict the vapor of one’s breath on a cold winter day.||Thomas Huxley
|A scientist, framed around the figures: Cornelius Agrippa, Paracelsus, and Albertus Magnus, partly based on Luigi Galvani's electrified twitching frog legs experiments, who is able to create "life" in the laboratory; character arose from Mary Shelley listening to Percy Shelley and George Byron debate the subject.||Mary Shelley
|=||A scientific “prophet” who had a “sufficient insight into the inner parts of things, and in addition had remembrance and intelligence enough to consider all the circumstances and take them into account, he would see the future, since everything proceeds mathematically, in the present as in a mirror."||Gottfried Leibniz
|A child prodigy, who possesses a keen scientific intellect, decades ahead of his time, whose intelligence has recently been augmented by his new powers; holds multiple doctoral level degrees in theoretical and applied physics fields.||Stan Lee
|A person who is able to read books, and all subjects, e.g. math, physics, chemistry, literature, history, etc., at a rate of books per hour, and be able to remember ever word, citation, and date; loosely based on American child prodigy William Sidis (IQ:175|#314) who graduated from Harvard at age 16, whose IQ was famously over-estimated to be in the 250 to 300 range (Sperling, 1946) and to have been a prodigy equivalent to Gauss (Comstock, c.1915).||Matt Damon
|=185||A 7-year old child prodigy, who scores “off the charts on the Stanford-Binet IQ” test, with seemingly endless mathematical and musical abilities, who studies quantum mechanics in college; but who is “emotionally” withdrawn and observational; character thematic, in some sense, to Jody Foster, a former child prodigy, who directed the film.||Scott Frank
|A struggling writer who, when talking a nootropic drug called NZT-48, has the ability to enabling its user to see meaningful patterns in large amounts of disparate data, thereby fully utilize the brain, after which he writes best-selling books, learn new languages, master the stock market, becomes knowledgeable about medicine, becomes a big business decision maker, etc., growing to an auto-claimed IQ of "four digits"; based on the 2001 techno-thriller novel The Dark Fields.||Alan Glynn
|=185||A CalTech genius who invents a laser that can incinerate people from space, using a tracking device, but when he realizes its designed purpose, uses it to make a house full of popcorn; from the classic 1985 film Real Genius, where there also is the character Mitch Taylor, a new bright child prodigy, and Lazlo Hollyfeld, an old star genius, who “cracked”, but whose IQ or smartness is said to be higher than Knight and Taylor combined, but is now a recluse.||Martha Coolidge
|Lead "genius" behind the TV show The Big Bang Theory; said to have an eidetic memory who possesses an extensive general knowledge in many subjects including: physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, cosmology, algebra, calculus, differential equations, vector calculus, computers, electronics, economics, vexillology, engineering, history, geography, linguistics, Finnish, and Mandarin Chinese; modeled on Leon Cooper (1930-).||Chuck Lorre
Geniuses | 1-200 | IQ:180-210
The following are minds “1-200”, of the top 2000 geniuses, intellects, and minds (previous: HM rankings; next: 201-400, 401-600, 601-800, 801-1,000, 1,001-1,200, 1,201-1,400, 1,401-1,600, 1,601-1,800, 1,801-2,000):
|2.53||82||Cattell 1000:7) [RGM:41|1,350+] (Murray 4000:2|WL) (Gottlieb 1000:131) (GMG:1) (Perry 80:1|Li) [LUG:#] [LPKE:#] [TCG] (SN:1) (HD:19) (FA:56) (GA:6) (EvT:8|21+) (HFET:1) (CR:2,151) (LH:16) (TC:2,167|#1) Poly-intellect, writer, philosopher, evolutionist; founder of human chemistry, per his 1809 physico-chemical based novella Elective Affinities, wherein the four main characters, Charlotte A (as ), Edward B (as ), Captain C (as ), Ottilie (as a newly introduced chemical), Edward and Charlotte married, i.e. bonded (as gypsum), shown adjacent, take place in the following double displacement human chemical reaction:
during which their "passions" and competing "moralities" are brought into conflict and reconciled via governing nature of the “affinities” (or chemical forces) operating on and between each character, during the course of their physico-chemical transformation; the socially-extrapolated realization of Newton's last and final "Query 31" (1718).
|2.44||84||Cattell 1000:4) [RGM:2|1,350+] (Murray 4000:2|CS / 1|P / 2|M) (Gottlieb 1000:6) (Becker 160:2|17L) (Stokes 100:32) (Simmons 100:1) (SIG:1) (EPD:F0) [CR:866|#2] Physicist, astronomer, chemist, mathematician, and philosopher;
Noted for his 1671 ''Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series'', wherein, he introduced differential equations (Ѻ); for his 1686 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy; wherein he codified the three laws of motion, and proved, via mathematical means, that planets travel in ellipses owing to an “inward force of attraction between planets and the sun must decrease in inverse proportion to the square of the distance between them”, which Hooke and or Halley boasted, to Wren (c.1684), to have “solved”, albeit without proof; and for his 1704 Optics, wherein argues for a corpuscular theory of light, and in the 1718 edition attached his final “Query 31”, on the nature of chemical reactions occurring by degrees of force, which launched the science of affinity chemistry.
(76 BE-0 AE)
|2.70||76||RGM:6|1,350+] (Murray 4000:9|CS / 2|P) (Gottlieb 1000:17) (Becker 160:1
19L) (Stokes 100:93) (Simmons 100:2) (LGS:1) [Kanowitz 50:2] [Cropper 30:1|R] (GPE:1) (HD:52) [CR:737|#5] Physicist, astronomer, and philosopher; noted for his 1905 discovery of the equivalence of mass and energy: ; for his hypothesis of "light quanta" (via Planck's 1901 "energy element"); pioneer of radiation thermodynamics of relativistic thermodynamics; famous his 1915 general theory of relativity, which explained gravity as the bending of "spacetime" around all massive bodies (as shown above); via which he predicted the gravitational bending of light rays (confirmed by Eddington during the eclipse of 1919), and also predicted the existence of "gravitational waves" (detected in 2015, emanating from the inward spiral and merger of a pair of black holes of around 36 and 29 solar masses).
|4.27||48||RGM:53|1,350+] (Murray 4000:20|CS / 9|P) (Gottlieb 1000:205) (Becker 160:5|15L) (Simmons 100:12) (EPD:M8) (DN:4±) (GPE:3) (EPD:M8) [CR:478|#10] Mathematical physicist, a child prodigy, turned top ranked magnitude genius, one of the core founders of thermodynamics, noted for his 1860 development of the kinetic theory of gases, his 1862 Maxwell’s equations, describing the nature of the electromagnetic field, his 1871 Theory of Heat, his 1873 electromagnetic field theory of light, his 1875 thermodynamic surface work, among a number of other impressive accomplishments.||M||Scottish|
|3.20||64||RGM:573|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:825) [GTE:#] [GCE:27] [GPE] [GEE] (EPD:M16) [CR:845|#3] Mechanical engineer, chemical engineer, and mathematical physicist;
Central founder of chemical thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, vector analysis; first-slating: 195-220 (c.2013).
||Leonardo da Vinci
|2.99||67||Cattell 1000:86) [RGM:1|1,350+] (Murray 4000:3|T / 4|WA) (Gottlieb 1000:9) (Becker 160:14|9L) [GEE:#] [LPKE:#] (RMS:13) (EP:4) [CR:194|#36] Engineer, artist, technologist, polymath, physicist, astronomer, and general philosopher;
note for: blue sky problem theorist; animal heat theory, engineering, e.g. he made the first design for a piston and cylinder (see: piston) style gunpowder engine able to to lift a weight (adjacent), and therein an avowed "vacuist" (compare: avacuist); designed warfare technology, flight machines; heliocentrism advocate; did a pumpkin growing variant of Johann Helmont’s later more-popular willow growing experiment; Bible flood myth debunker; said to have utilized a "sleep formula", sleeping no more than four hours at a time, so to optimize his intellectual output: IQ of 260 (Araugo, 2017).
|3.03||66||RGM:399|1,350+] (GS:5) (SIG:3) [CR:829|#4] Mathematical physicist;
Noted for his The Mechanical Theory of Heat (1865), wherein, building on Euler, Lagrange, Lavoisier, Carnot, Joule, Thomson, and Rankine, he founded the science of thermodynamics.
|2.11||90||Cattell 1000:751) [RGM:86|1,350+] (Becker 139:79|4L) (Stokes 100:10) (FA:14) (ACR:4) [CR:285] Mathematician and philosopher;
Known as the "father of atomic theory" (Leucippus is grandfather; Epicurus is son; Lucretius is grandson) and “prince of philosophers” (Laertius, 230); notably: "he mastered the whole extent of the science of his time, and that probably with greater independence and thoroughness than was the case with Aristotle" (Lange, 1865); he did the cone-cylinder, pyramid-prism proofs before Eudoxus claims of discovery (Archimedes, c.220BC); he was "the most learned man about nature of all the ancients” (Philodemus, 45BC); was the first to “deny chance” (see: anti-chance) (Simplicius, c.530); upgraded from #36 to #8 (Nov 2020), above Aristotle, per Lange, Archimedes, Philodemus, Simplicius; and per the fact that Plato tried to buy up and burn all of his books (Aristoxenus, 325BC).
|3.15||62||(Cattell 1000:6) [RGM:9|1,350+] (Murray 4000:3|CS / 2|B / 1|WP) (Becker 160:9|11L) (Becker 139:2|19L) (Stokes 100:9) (EPD:FM) [CR:537|#7]||M||Greek|
|2.67||77||(Cattell 1000:46) [RGM:4|1,350+] (Murray 4000:2|CS / 5|P / 2|A) (Gottlieb 1000:4) (Becker 160:2|17L) (Stokes 100:30) (Simmons 100:7) (EP:10) [GPE:5] (GAE:2) [CR:307|#21]||M||Italian|
|2.67||73||[RGM:214|1,350+] (Becker 160:121|3L) (Simmons 100:63) [CR:390|#15]||M||German|
|2.75||70||[RGM:489|1,350+] (FTS:6) [CR:429|#11]||M||American|
|3.68||53||(Cattell 1000:23) [RGM:26|1,350+] (Becker 160:37|5L) (Becker 139:3|18L) (Stokes 100:33) [CR:431|#9]||M||French|
|2.50||77||(Cattell 1000:233) [RGM:315|1,350+] (Becker 160:58|4L) (Simmons 100:29)||M||French|
|2.57||76||(Cattell 1000:512) [RGM:91|1,350+] (Simmons 100:35)||M||Swiss|
|2.35||83||(Cattell 1000:4) [RGM:62|1,350+] (Murray 4000:7|WL) (Becker 139:32|9L) (Stokes 100:41) (EPD:M7) (GPhE:#) (EPD:M7) [CR:315|#19] Philosopher, writer, encyclopedist, lay physicist;||M||French|
|2.27||86||[RGM:5|1,350+] (Becker 160:10|11L)||M||Serbian-born American|
|2.44||80||RGM:675|1,350+) (GHE:1) (SN:2) (HFET:5) (CR:568) (LH:6) (TC:572|#6) Historian and physico-chemical humanities pioneer;
Noted for his physico-chemical social dynamics (1908) theory of history, a five-decade plus long effort, to apply and utilize the physical sciences, particularly chemistry, physics, and thermodynamics, employing anchor concepts such as the second law, the kinetic theory of gases, Gibbs phase rule (see: social phase), Maxwell's demon, nebular hypothesis, heat death, social gravity, social acceleration theory, etc., in the study of humans, politically, historically, and philosophically, which he viewed as human molecules (or "phases" or equilibrium states, depending), and countries, via the historical rise and fall change perspective; Adams had convinced himself, at the age of 70, that he was a “point” (or phase) on a social three-dimensional physico-chemical thermodynamics surface (aka social phase diagram), as can be visualized on Maxwell’s 1874 “thermodynamic surface” (Ѻ), which he made as a gift for Gibbs.
|2.53||75||[RGM:475|1,350+] [CR:282|#24]||M||French-born Italian|
|2.47||77||(Cattell 1000:848) (Becker 160:60|4L) (Simmons 100:41) [RGM:11|1,350+]||M||German|
|2.47||77||[RGM:41|1,350+] (Becker 160:109|3L)||M||French|
|2.71||70||[RGM:675|1,350+] (Becker 160:79|3L) (Becker 139:18|13L) (Stokes 100:37)||M||German|
(86 BE-6 AE)
|2.60||73||[RGM:158|1,350+] (Becker 160:44|5L) (Simmons 100:18) (HFET:11) [CR:229|#31]||M||Austrian|
|2.92||65||[RGM:96|1,350+] (Becker 160:104|2L) (Becker 139:26|11L) (Stokes 100:29)||M||English|
|3.06||62||RGM:483|1,350+] (Simmons 100:24) [Kanowitz 50:44] [Cropper 30:1|SM] (GPE:26) (EPD:F15) (FTS:4) [CR:318|#18] Physicist and thermodynamicist, of the Vienna school, a semi-categorized epicenter genius, one of the central founders of statistical thermodynamics, known for his derivation of the probabilistic or logarithmic description of entropy as a function of the molecular distributions of the body; for his 1886 lecture "On the the Second Law of Thermodynamics" applied to evolution; for his 1891 conjecture that energy can be divided "atomically" (which led, via Planck) to the quantum revolution.||M||Austrian|
=150, 190, 210
|3.45||55||[RGM:39|1,350+] (Becker 139:8|17L) (Stokes 100:70) (EPD:F5) [CR:329|#17]||M||German|
|2.92||65||[RGM:688|1,350+] [SN:12] (FA:74) (GAE:1) (GPhE:5) [CR:268|#29] Atheism-explicit anti-chance based matter-and-motion philosopher, eponyms: Holbachian, Holbach’s school (Ѻ), Holbach's geometrician (forerunner to Laplace's demon); characterized as the “Newton of the atheists” (Ѻ)(V|1:45) or "the supreme materialist" (Cooper, 1976), even cited so in history of atheism documentaries, and high ranked extreme atheist; in epicenter genius categorizations, was “one member of Voltaire’s circle”, if not the leader, and who; according to Caspar Hakfoort, was one of the stepping stone pioneers of scientism, being generally known for his 1770 The System of Nature: the Laws of Moral and Physical World, referred to by some as an "Atheist’s Bible", wherein saw the universe as nothing more than matter in motion, bound by inexorable natural laws of cause and effect, in which there is “no necessity to have recourse to supernatural powers to account for the formation of things.”||M||German-born French|
(53 BE-29 AE)
|2.31||82||[RGM:201|1,350+] (Becker 160:94|3L) (Simmons 100:20)||M||English-born American|
|2.88||66||[RGM:383|1,350+] (Becker 160:55|4L) (Simmons 100:40) (EPD:M8)||M||Dutch|
|2.04||93||[RGM:430|1,350+] (Becker 160:29|7L) (Simmons 100:16) (HFET:#)||M||American|
|2.89||83||RGM:99|1,350+] Pictured is the 20 Nov 2012 Google Doodle (Ѻ) for Guericke’s 410th birthday.||M||German|
|2.44||78||[RGM:87|1,350+] (HFET:4) [CR:298|#20]||M||German|
|2.53||75||[RGM:9|1,350+] (Becker 160:13|10L) (Simmons 100:100)||M||Greek|
(52 BE-2 AE)
|3.58||53||[RGM:189|1,350+] (Becker 160:142|2L) (Simmons 100:51) (HFET:9) [CR:221|#32]||M||Hungarian-born American|
|2.13||89||[RGM:23|1,350+] (Becker 160:20|8L) (Simmons 100:25) [CR:254|#30]||M||German|
|3.58||53||[RGM:38|1,350+] (Becker 160:45|5L) (Simmons 100:34)||M||Italian|
|2.92||65||RGM:92|1,350+] (Becker 139:109|3L) (GFG:1) (CR:44) Philosopher, mathematician, physicist, and astronomer;
only known female universal genius, daughter of mathematical astronomer Theon, the last head of the Library of Alexander; noted for being one of the last apex intellects before humanity went into the dark ages; a fabled "last persons to know everything"; noted early irreligionist; credited with the invention of the astrolabe (adjacent); is rumored to have explained the seasonal variations of the apparent size of the sun, and conceived of elliptical orbit heliocentrism; Kepler, Bertrand Russel, and Voltaire praised her; stoned to death.
|4.74||39||[RGM:30|1,350+] (Becker 160:38|5L) (Becker 139:50|6L) (EPD:M3)||M||French|
(37 BE-33 AE)
|2.68||69||[RGM:70|1,350+] (Becker 160:98|3L) (Simmons 100:52)||M||American|
|2.61||71||[RGM:108|1,350+] (Becker 139:39|8L) (Stokes 100:11) [CR:363|#16]||M||Greek|
|4.20||44||[RGM:116|1,350+] (Becker 139:10|16L) (Stokes 100:36) (EPD:M6)||M||Dutch|
(73 BE-6 AE)
|2.23||83||(Cattell 1000:989) [RGM:619|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:111) (Becker 160:27|7L) (Kanowitz 50:19) (Cropper 30:5|T) (GPE:47) (SIG:6) (EPD:M6) [CR:390|#14] Mathematical physicist and philosopher;||M||Irish-born Scottish|
|2.20||84||[RGM:147|1,350+] (Becker 160:19|8L)||M||American|
|3.08||60||[RGM:13|1,350+] (Becker 160:34|5L) (Simmons 100:59)||M||Greek|
|2.64||70||Cattell 1000:341) [RGM:20|1,350+] (Murray 4000:5|A) (Gottlieb 1000:18) (Becker 160:16|8L) (Stokes 100:25) (Simmons 100:10) [Kanowitz 50:15] (EPD:F3) (GPE:35) (GAE:1) [CR:136] Mathematician, astronomer, and physician;
aka "next Ptolemy" (Reinhold, 1542), noted for 
|2.89||64||(Cattell 1000:354) [RGM:529|1,350+] (Murray 4000:6|C) (Gottlieb 1000:142) (Becker 160:39|5L) [Kanowitz 50:41] (GPE:39) (GCE:6) (EPD:M3) [CR:178] Physicist, chemistry, and natural philosopher;||M||Irish|
(48 BE-29 AE)
|2.40||77||(SN:5|55+) (EvT:21|21+) (CR:41) Metallurgical engineering geologist; noted for his Heat Death and the Phoenix (1975), wherein he gives the following "organism synthesis equation":
He is classified as the transition point mindset of someone grappling to switch from the entropy "order/disorder" model of everything to the "free energy" model of everything; all done in the framework of explicit atheism.
|2.57||72||[RGM:98|1,350+] (Becker 139:21|12L) (Stokes 100:49) [CR:259|#29]||M||German|
|6.17||30||[RGM:562|1,350+] (Nelson 19:12)||M||English|
|2.68||69||[RGM:82|1,350+] (Becker 139:114|3L) (Stokes 100:27)||M||Dutch|
|4.40||42||[RGM:12|1,350+] (Becker 160:97|3L) (Stokes 100:96)||M||English|
|4.02||46||[RGM:37|1,350+] (Stokes 100:46)||M||German|
|3.63||51||[RGM:530|1,350+] (Becker 160:114|3L) (Nelson 19:16)||M||English|
|2.80||66||[RGM:149|1,350+] (Becker 139:16|14L) (Stokes 100:54)||M||English|
|2.23||83||[RGM:131|1,350+] (Becker 160:43|5L) (Becker 139:119|3L) (Stokes 100:66) (Simmons 100:6) [CR:337|#17]||M||Austrian|
|3.19||59||[RGM:890|1,350+] (Becker 139:45|7L) (Stokes 100:55)||M||French|
|2.03||91||[RGM:134|1,350+] (Becker 139:5|17L) (Stokes 100:31)||M||English|
|2.34||79||[RGM:51|1,350+] (Becker 139:4|18L) (Stokes 100:45) [CR:217|#35]||M||German|
|3.14||59||[RGM:641|1,350+] (Becker 160:77|3L)||M||English|
|2.18||85||[RGM:260|1,350+] (Becker 139:41|7L) (Stokes 100:4)||M||Greek|
(61 BE-19 AE)
|2.31||80||RGM:855|1,350+] (LGS:1) (CR:11) Mathematical physicist; pronounced: “Shoot-ing-dra Bowce” (Ѻ); noted for his 1919 proof that Planck’s theory of heat radiation could be deduced from Albert Einstein’s theory of photons, for his 1925 prediction, with Einstein, of Bose-Einstein condensate (adjacent), confirmed in 1995; and for his general Bose-Einstein statistics, which bosons obey; mean genius comparison IQ of 187; a top 500 missing genius candidate. (Ѻ)||M||Indian|
|2.34||79||[RGM:208|1,350+] (Becker 139:117|3L) (Stokes 100:47)||M||German|
|2.25||80||[RGM:7|1,350+] (Becker 160:50|4L) (Becker 139:78|4L) (Stokes 100:2)||M||Greek|
|4.09||44||[RGM:612|1,350+] (Becker 139:106|3L) (Simmons 100:73) [CR:285|#26]||M||Greek|
(70 BE-7 AE)
|2.34||77||[RGM:32|1,350+] (Becker 160:11|11L) (Simmons 100:3)||M||Danish|
(54 BE-21 AE)
|2.43||74||[RGM:36|1,350+] (Becker 160:46|5L) (Simmons 100:15)||M||German|
|3.10||58||[RGM:36|1,350+] (Becker 160:25|7L) (Simmons 100:9)||M||German|
|2.31||78||[RGM:14|1,350+] (Becker 139:96|3L) (Stokes 100:1)||M||Greek|
|1.91||94||[RGM:733|1,350+] (Simmons 100:66)||M||English|
|3.60||50||[RGM:160|1,350+] (Becker 160:17|8L) (Simmons 100:8) (EPD:M5)||M||French|
|3.10||58||[RGM:68|1,350+] (Becker 139:29|10L) (Stokes 100:26)||M||Italian|
(48 BE-40 AE)
|2.05||88||(SN:14) (CR:80) Mechanical engineer, thermodynamicist, philosopher and 75th prime minister of Iran (1979);
Noted for his 1956 treatise Thermodynamics of Humans, written during a five-month prison spell (see: genius hiatus effect), for political opposition, in which he attempted to explain the work ethic of the individual in the context of the Islamic teachings and the view that systems, physical or social, evolve towards equilibrium as quantified by a minimum of free energy; first-slating: #95 (Nov 2020).
|2.40||75||[RGM:18|1,350+] (Becker 160:6|14L) (Simmons 100:11)||M||English|
|2.25||80||[RGM:537|1,350+] (Nelson 19:1)||M||English|
|2.40||75||[RGM:16|1,350+] (Becker 139:1|19L) (Stokes 100:8) [CR:301|#21]||M||Greek|
(13 BE-64 AE)
|2.37||76||[RGM:65|1,350+] (Becker 160:12|11L) (Simmons 100:54) (CR:144) (LH:4) Astrophysicist; noted for his 1965 PhD thesis, stimulated by research of mathematician Rodger Penrose, and based on Albert Einstein’s 1914 general theory of relativity, which argued that if a star can collapse inwards to form a singularity, coined a “black hole” in 1967 by American physicist John Wheeler, then so to can a singularity explode back outward; thus giving an explanation for the big bang. Hawking is also noted for his 1996 Illustrated: A Brief History of Time, wherein he gives an "entropy of mind" diagram, which he says changes in respect to doing things such as reading a book. Hawking is a key figure in the development of the subject of black hole thermodynamics; and later came out as advocating atheism.||M||English|
Ran the Harvard Pareto circle; used a synthesis of Willard Gibbs and Vilfredo Pareto for his pioneering "Sociology 23" course, wherein he employed a "box-spring model" of individuals, bound in a society, pictured, to usurp "causality" with "change of state"; the last great theory of all thing theorists or thing philosophers (following Henry Adams).
|2.86||63||[RGM:101|1,350+] (Becker 139:105|3L) (Stokes 100:13)||M||Roman|
(83 BE-15 AE)
|1.86||97||[RGM:100|1,350+] (Becker 139:23|12L) (Stokes 100:77) (EPD:M2F4)||M||English|
|2.47||73||[RGM:44|1,350+] (Becker 160:7|14L) (Stokes 100:56) (Simmons 100:4) (EPD:M8) [CR:514|#8]||M||English|
(76 BE-9 AE
|2.12||85||(SN:9) (CR:71) Mathematician, physical economist, and general "polymath" (Weintraub, 1991), whose interests spanned mathematics, physics, statistics, economics, astronomy, and biology; sole protege of Gibbs; taught a physical chemistry based "mathematical economics" course at Harvard (1934 to 1940); Samuelson to use Gibbs "equation 133":
to model economic stability; first-slating: 180|#110 (Nov 2020).
|2.77||65||[RGM:112|1,350+] (Becker 139:7|17L) (Stokes 100:39) (EPD:F2)||M||Scottish|
|(Becker 160:118|3L) (GME:27) [CR:61] Mathematical physicist; noted for his 1834 On a General Method in Dynamics, wherein develops a “characteristic function” or “force function”, later employed by Clausius in his “Mathematical Introduction” to his On the Mechanical Theory of Heat; eponym of the Hamiltonian (compare: Lagrangian and Gibbsian); not to be confused with the metaphysical philosopher William Hamilton (IQ:170|#388); 112-candidate; first-slating:#114 (Nov 2020).||M||Irish|
|2.14||84||[RGM:727|1,350+] (Becker 139:33|9L) (Stokes 100:53)||M||English|
|4.62||39||[RGM:201|1,350+] (Becker 160:125|3L)||M||German|
|2.73||66||[RGM:17|1,350+] (Becker 160:4|17L) (Simmons 100:26) (EPD:M10)||F||Polish-born French|
|3.10||58||[RGM:81|1,350+] (Becker 139:42|7L) (Stokes 100:16) (EPD:F3)||M||Roman|
|2.81||64||[RGM:359|1,350+] (Becker 139:12|15L) (Stokes 100:63)||M||German|
|2.58||70||[RGM:330|1,350+] (Becker 139:38|8L) (Stokes 100:5)||M||Greek|
|2.77||65||Becker 160:92) (GCE:30) (EPD:M3W) (CR:62) Physical chemist;
"Haber’s Thermodynamics of Technical Gas Phase Reactions  is the most important contribution to the subject of predicting the course of a chemical reaction from a few characteristic constants of the reacting substances, after the ill-starred attempt of Berthelot.”
Noted for his 1905 Thermodynamics of Technical Gas Phase Reactions, wherein he pioneered some of the precursory work to free energy tables; for his 1907 achievement of ammonia synthesis, which provided a long-sought fertilizer component for crops.
|3.16||57||[RGM:159|1,350+] (Becker 160:31|6L) (Becker 139:31|9L)||M||Persian|
|2.50||72||Cattell 1000:703) (ACR:4) (FA:7) (EvT:4|21+) (CR:51) Philosopher, physicist, astronomer; teacher of Socrates; held the view, based on the examination of fallen meteors, that the sun was NOT a "god", but rather a hot or fiery stone (was imprisoned for this); moon light was reflected sunlight; postulated the existence of the element “aether”, which he conceived of as being in constant rotation and carried with it the celestial bodies; added at 180|#131 (c.2018).||M||Greek|
|2.40||75||[RGM:251|1,350+] (Becker 139:15|14L) (Stokes 100:19) (AT:1|D)||M||Roman|
|2.40||75||[RGM:45|1,350+] (Becker 160:54|4L)||M||Scottish-born Canadian|
|2.28||79||Cattell 1000:227) [RGM:540|1,350+] (Murray 4000:7|B) (Becker 160:52|4L) (Simmons 100:38) (Hart 100:49) (Glenn 20:4) (CR:22) Physician;
Overthrew the previous “open-ended” blood circulation models of Erasistratus, Galen, and Colombo, with a “closed-circulatory” system. (Ѻ); speculated on soul as "power" that makes an animal out of an egg; speculated on the origin of life.
||Frederick Rossini (56 BE-35 AE)
|2.50||72||(Cattell 1000:583) [RGM:220|1,350+] (Becker 139:91|4L) (Stokes 100:52) (RMS:24) (HD:15) (FA:44) (GA:28) (AFF:6) (CR:105) Political activist, philosopher, irreligionist, free thinker, and revolutionist;
His The Age of Reason (1794), is the most-widely cited “atheist’s bible”, historically; his is Common Sense (1776) pamphlet, selling some 500,000 copies in the mid 1770s, became the "biggest seller per capita in American publishing history and almost single-handedly sparked the [American] revolution" (Smith, 2013); inspiration behind the BCM/ACM dating system (1802); George Washington carried his books into battle; befriended by: Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe; first-slated at 175|#225 (May 2017); upgraded to #139 per Edison genius recognizes genius quote (Jun 2017).
|2.09||86||(SN:10) (CR:106) Physical science based sociologist and economist;
known as the ‘Newton of social science’ (see: social Newton), noted for his three-volume 1858 The Principles of Social Science, wherein he uses of physics and chemistry in sociological theory, e.g. his ‘law of molecular gravitation’ which he says accounts the aggregation of people in larger cities, among numerous other theories, e.g. "friction" resulting from the "rubbing together of human molecules"; first-slating: 180|#149 (Nov 2020).
||Nicholas of Cusa
|2.95||61||Cattell 1000:557) [RGM:244|1,350+] (Becker 160:58|4L) [Kanowitz 50:32] (Eells 100:93) (GPE:54) (SIG:6) (CR:15) Physicist and mathematician;
Dubbed the “father of electrodynamics” (Heaviside, 1888); founder of electrodynamics, the study of currents and dynamical movements; a “tortured genius” who had the phrase “Tandem felix” (“Happy, at last”) engraved on his tombstone; gauged at 180-190 (c.2015).
|2.34||77||[RGM:234|1,350+] (Becker 160:15|9L) (Simmons 100:74)||M||English|
|2.69||67||[RGM:225|1,350+] (Becker 139:30|10L) (Stokes 100:44)||M||Irish-born English|
|2.09||86||[RGM:182|1,350+] (Becker 160:127|3L)||M||Russian|
|63||EPD:F0) (CR:26) Mining engineer, mineralogist, geologist, and mathematical physicist; noted for his 1869 "On the Characteristic Functions of Various Fluids", which was the first systematic discourse on “thermodynamic potentials” (Ѻ) applied to bodies, specifically fluid bodies; some characterize his "Massieu function" as the Legendre transform of entropy; influential to Willard Gibbs, who adopted his Greek letter nomenclature for defining the various thermodynamic functions, as show in the pictured characteristic function notation table.; first-slate: 180|#150 (Dec 2020).||M||French|
|(CR:19) Scholar and philosopher;
noted for his The Anatomy of Melancholy (1621), wherein he impressively employs electricity (amber), magnetism (loadstone), and heat (warmth) logic to explain love and beauty; hung himself in the same room that Robert Hooke later stayed in as a student; influential to Henry Finck and also Goethe, possibly; 112-candidate; first-slating:#150 (Nov 2020).
|2.73||66||[RGM:118|1,350+] (Becker 139:10|16L) (Stokes 100:42) (EPD:M9D)||M||Genevan|
noted for his 1829 Calculation of the Effect of Machines, wherein he introduced the formula for work as force times distance; some assert that he introduced the factor ½ in Leibniz’s 1686 vis viva for the sake of mathematical convenience (others say it was Lagrange who did this in 1811); his 1835 paper introduced the Coriolis effect, according to which explains why toilets drain (and people move) clockwise in the northern hemisphere (drive on right side of road) and counterclockwise (drive on left side of road) in the southern hemisphere; first-slating: 180|#150 (Feb 2019).
|3.27||55||(PEC10:2) (CR:34) Mathematical physicist, chemical thermodynamicist, historian, and philosopher of science, characterized an "uneasy genius" (Demartres, 1892) (Ѻ); noted for his age 26 penned a “Study of the Thermodynamics Works of Willard Gibbs” (1887); gave commentary on the Condemnation of 1277; previous Hmolpedia 2020 candidate (112-names); first-slating: 180|#150 (Nov 2020).||M||French|
|2.14||84||[RGM:31|1,350+] (Becker 160:54|4L)||M||American|
||Jacobus van't Hoff
| (CR:81) Physical chemist; noted for his 1874 pamphlet wherein he formulated the theory of the tetrahedral carbon atom and laid the foundations of stereochemistry; his work in 1884 Studies in Chemical Dynamics, wherein he introduced the two-way reaction arrow “” into chemistry and in which he described a new method for determining the order of a reaction using graphics, and applied the laws of thermodynamics to chemical equilibria; his 1886 van't Hoff equilibrium box (pictured), was the first to measure work of chemical reactions; he gave one of the first thermodynamical treatments of affinity (following Helmholtz, 1882), defining affinity as the maximum external work done by the chemical reaction at constant temperature and volume; first-slated: #154 (Nov 2020).||M||Dutch|
||Alexander the Great
|2.57||70||(Cattell 1000:128) [RGM:129|1,350+] (Becker 160:41|5L) (Simmons 100:76) (CR:32)||M||Swedish|
(47 BE-36 AE)
|2.20||82||(Becker 160:96|3L) (Simmons 100:50) (EPD:M12)||M||American|
“The views of space and time which I wish to lay before you have sprung from the soil of experimental physics, and therein lies their strength. They are radical. Henceforth space by itself, and time by itself, are doomed to fade away into mere shadows, and only a kind of union of the two will preserve an independent reality.” — Hermann Minkowski (1907), Publication (Ѻ) Noted for his 1907 concept of spacetime, i.e. space and time joined as one new thing, as shown by the grids adjacent, and that Einstein’s special theory of relativity could thus be understood geometrically in four dimensions, Cartesian dimensions plus space-time; mentor to Einstein; 112-candidate; first-slating:#160 (Nov 2020).
(40 BE-45 AE)
|2.73||66||[RGM:93|1,350+] (Becker 160:21|8L) (Simmons 100:19)||M||New Zealand-born British|
|2.37||76||Goethe-Haeckel-Huxley stylized divine-causality ingrained physicochemical-monism, aka living universe theory, a book generally classified as the last intellectually-sober attempt at panbioism (the stepping-stone to abioism).||M||English-born American|
|2.57||70||[RGM:3|1,350+] (Becker 139:14|14L) (Stokes 100:7)||M||Greek|
|2.57||70||[RGM:885|1,350+] (Becker 160:81|3L)||M||English|
|5.00||36||[RGM:144|1,350+] (Becker 160:67|4L)||M||German|
|3.21||56||(Cattell 1000:220) [RGM:19|1,350+] (Murray 4000:1|WM) (GMG:1) (CR:8) Pianist and composer;
Note for his 9th symphony, 5th symphony, moonlight sonata, etc.; upgraded from 170|#309 to 180|#170 (Feb 2018).
co-founder, with Thomas Young, of the wave theory of light; 2018 missing (Ѻ) GPE candidate; first-slating: 180|#170 (Mar 2018).
|2.57||70||(Becker 139:70|5L) (Stokes 100:43)||M||French|
|3.10||58||[RGM:437|1,500+] [LPKE:12] (GME:9) (GPE:63) [CR:79] Mathematical physicist;
Known for: Poincare conjecture, relativity, thermodynamics, mathematics, economics; said to have scored at the “imbecile” level on the Binet IQ test (see: miscalculated IQ); first slated: 185-195|#40 (c.2016); down-graded: 180|#180 (Apr 2020).
|191.||Johannes van der Waals
noted for his 1873 On the Continuity of Gas and Liquid State, wherein, based on Clausius’ “On the Kind of Motion we call Heat”, he derived an equation of state for a gas-approaching-liquid state, based on experimental data, and therefrom measured molecular attraction, aka dispersion forces or van der Waals force (posited 100-years prior by Priestley), and calculated the size of molecules; one of the three chiefs of the “Dutch school” of thermodynamics, along with Van’t Hoff and Roozeboom; pictured is his energy surface for (Boerhaave Museum, Leiden); influences: Clausius, James Maxwell, Ludwig Boltzmann, and Willard Gibbs;
Erich Muller (1998) theorized that social forces are a type of van der Waals dispersion force; Jose Aguilera (2012) likens a marriage bond to a weaker type of covalent bond and or Van der Waals interaction force; first-slate: 180|#190 (Dec 2020).
|4.29||42||(Becker 139:22|12L) (Stokes 100:69)||M||Danish|
|2.37||76||(Cattell 1000:61) Cleric, Bishop, preacher, political philosopher, theologian, and writer; noted for his Discourse on Universal History (1681) (Ѻ), regarded by many as a “second edition” of Augustine’s City of God (426AD), which had addressed theological puzzles, such as suffering of the righteous, the existence of evil, the conflict between free will and divine omniscience, and the doctrine of original sin. (Ѻ)||M||French|
|2.50||72||(Becker 139:6|17L) (Stokes 100:38)||M||English|
|2.02||89||(Cattell 1000:94) [RGM:133|1,350+] (Becker 160:113|3L) (CR:15) Geographer, naturalist, explorer, romantic philosopher;
A fabled "last person to know everything"  and oft-characterized polymath; younger brother to Wilhelm Humboldt [RGM:47|1,350+]; in Jena (1797), with his brother Wilhelm, Friedrich Schiller, and Johann Goethe, the four discussed, in Goethe's own words, “all of nature from the perspectives of philosophy and science”; in c.1800, proposed that South America and Africa were both joined (see: Pangea); in his 1844 multi-volume Cosmos, he attempted to sketch out a physical description of the universe.
f note, in the top 200 (29 Oct 2020), we have, in terms of sex: 3 females; in terms of nationality: 38 English, 32 French, 27 Germans, 22 Greeks, 16 Americans, 11 Italians, 6 Dutch, 4 Swedish, 4 Scottish, 3 Austrians, 3 Romans, 3 Russians, 3 English-born Americans, 2 Danish, 2 Irish, 2 German-born Americans, 1 Anglo-Irish, 1 Austrian-born American, 1 Croatian, 1 Frankish, 1 French-born Italian, 1 Genevan, 1 German-born French, 1 Greco-Roman Alexandrian, 1 Greek-born Roman, 1 Hungarian-born American, 1 Indian, 1 Irish-born English, 1 Irish-born Scottish, 1 Mongolian, 1 New Zealand-born English, 1 Persian, 1 Polish, 1 Polish-born French, 1 Polish-born Swiss, 1 Prussian, 1 Scottish-born Canadian, 1 Serbian-born American, 1 Swiss.
N1. Per the the original tentative 1916 Terman "genius" / " non-genius" divide, as being people with determined IQ numbers "above 140" (141, 142, 143, etc.), defined as being "genius" or "near genius"; in addition to the following clarification:
- “Genius and ‘near’ genius. Intelligence tests have not been in use long enough to enable us to DEFINE genius definitely in terms of IQ.”
- — Lewis Terman (1916), The Measurement of Intelligence (pg. 101) 
which was expanded upon when Catherine Cox, Terman's graduate student, together with Maud Merrill, selected the top 300 minds, born between 1450 and 1850, from the Cattell 1000, and "classified" all of them as being "geniuses", specifically in the book's title Early Mental Traits of 300 Geniuses, assigning 289 of them to have IQs of 140 or above (see: Cox-Terman-Merrill IQ scale); a genius IQ cutoff that was later criticized by the so-called "Hollingworth objection" (1938), namely that an IQ of 140 was "too low" a genius / non-genius divide, as it captures too much of the population, in attempts to classify what, in reality, is a VERY "rare" phenomenon, historically speaking, it may be that the "top 2000" will need to grow to a finalized two-thousand "solid" intellectually-focused names, after which we will be able to "see" where, realistically, the genius / very high intellects divide falls?
The following are related quotes:
- “IQ is thought to be a measure which expresses the relative brightness or intelligence of any given individual.”
- — Catherine Cox (1926), The Early Mental Traits of Three Hundred Geniuses (pg. 47)
- “Lestrade (Ѻ) to be let loose on such a study is exactly as pathetic as for a subnormal waitress in the IQ of 90 range to try to measure the intellectual differences in college students.”
- — John Platt (1962), “The Coming Generation of Genius” (pg. 73)
Next | Previous
- Note: the Hmolpedia “equation of love” is the most-liked of 5,376-articles of Hmolpedia 2020.
- This ranking note “point” was made while listening to ABBA’s 1975 song “I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do, I Do”, the opening verse of which is: “Love me (bond) or leave me (de-bond); Make your ‘choice’ (force of chemical affinity, pre-Helmholtz era (c.1200-1882); the Gibbs energy of the system, post-Helmholtz era (1882-forward)) but believe me; I love you; I do, I do, I do, I do, I do; I can't conceal it; Don't you see?; Can't you ‘feel’ it?; Don't you too?; I do, I do, I do, I do, I do”. Those geniuses who attempt to decode the nearly-intractable terms: “feelings” and “choice”, and are close to successful at it, tend to be more profound.
- Why does Libb Thims make genius lists? (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Top 1000 geniuses (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Scientific demon (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Greatest fictional geniuses ever (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Holbach’s geometrician (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Faust (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Faustian (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Johann Faust (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Uberman (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Ubermensch – Wikipedia.
- Did Nietzsche personally consider himself an Ubermensch? (2018) – Quora.
- Philosophers have the highest IQ (2003) – SciForums.com.
- Passages validating Goethe as Nietzsche’s Ubermensch? (2011) – Philosophy, StockExchange.com.
- Another Newton (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Few super-Einsteins (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- What is the IQ of the Star Wars main characters? (2019) – Quora.
- Hari Seldon (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Frankenstein IQ (2010) – Yahoo Answers]
- Laplace’s demon – InformationPhilosopher.com
- What is the estimate of Reed Richard’s IQ? (2017) – Quora.
- What could be the estimated IQ of Will Hunting? (2016) – Quora.
- Will Hunting IQ (2020) – FindAnyAnswer.com.
- IQ of Famous People [WB] (2007) – AceIntelligence.com.
- Who had the highest IQ ever? (2003) – Able2Know.org.
- Kermit, Sperging. (2019). “Greatest Geniuses: Top 100”, Real Geniuses, Reddit, Feb.
- Ratner, Paul. (2016). “24 of the smartest people who ever lived: the smartest humans in history are ranked” (Ѻ), BigThink.com, Sep 18.
- Locklin, Scott. (2011). ”Eudoxus of Cnidos”, WordPress, Oct 13.
- IQ:200+ (references) – (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Famous People IQ Scores (2011) - IQCertificate.org.
- What was Aristotle’s IQ? (2018) – Quora.
- What was Euler’s IQ? (2019) – Quora.
- What was Gauss’s IQ? (2019) – Quora.
- What is your IQ estimate for Friedrich Nietzsche? (2018) – Quora.
- Norlinger, Ulf. (1998). “Estimated IQs of Some of the Greatest Geniuses” (Ѻ), Blog, Apr 21.
- What does an 180 IQ (SD 15) look like? (2017) – Quora.
- What would an IQ of 500 or 1000 look like? (2015) - Quora.
- Anon. (2016). “MBTI and IQ” (Ѻ) (an AI and Chris Langan fan), Dec 7.
- Brotman, Barbara. (1992). “Genius at Work”, Chicago Tribune, Nov 17.
- Feynman’s IQ (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020
- High verbal IQ and genius (Veidth, 2018) – Quora.
- What was Alan Turing’s IQ? (2016) – Quora.
- IQ Scores of Famous Celebrities (2007) - kids-iq-tests.com.
- (a) McPherson, Stephanie. (2006) (Mensa Test score: extremely well, pg. 26). Publisher.
(b) What is Stephen Hawking’s IQ? (2014) – Yahoo Answers.
(c) McEvoy, Joseph P. (2009). Introducing Stephen Hawking (IQ 200-250, pg. 87). Icon Books.
- Groening, Matt. (1999). Simpsons (episode: “They Saved Lisa’s Brain” (Ѻ)(Ѻ)(Ѻ)) (quote: “Big deal, my IQ is 280.”). Publisher.
- Tolstoy IQ (2012) (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Marx IQ vs Musk IQ? (2017) – Quora.
- Anon. (2008). “Higher IQs and Beliefs in God” (Ѻ), GhostPlace.com
- Characteristic function notation table – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Philoepisteme. (2018). “10 Candidates: Already Written About” (post: #15), Hmolpedia 2020 Forum, Jul 14.
- Alexander the Great’s IQ (2014) – Hmolpedia 2020 forum.
- Not Enough Artists (2013) – Hmolpedia Forum.
- Van der Waals, Johannes. (1873). On the Continuity of the Gaseous and Liquid State. Dover, 2004.
- Last person to know everything (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- How smart was Genghis Kahn? (2017) – Quora.
- Terman, Lewis. (1916). The Measurement of Intelligence: an Explanation of and a Complete Guide for the Use of the Stanford Guide for the Use of the Stanford Revision and Extension of the Binet-Simon Intelligence Scale (classification of intelligence, pg. 79; genius IQ, pg. 101). Houghton Mifflin Co.
- IQ ranking methodology
- Thims, Libb. (2017). “Top 100 Geniuses” (Ѻ), YouTube, Human Chemistry 101, Nov 24.