Top 1000 geniuses

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A selection of epicenter geniuses, namely: Goethe, Aristotle, Einstein, Franklin, Voltaire, Boltzmann, and their associates, who each rank in as top 1000 geniuses, as ordered via "intellectually brightness" (Cox, 1926), by real IQ, below.

In genius studies, top 1000 geniuses refers to []

Rankings

The following is a work-in-progress meta-analysis (see: IQ key) ranking of the greatest “geniuses” of all time.[1] The "real IQ" (IQ Real.png) is shown for each individual, as compared to extant calculations and or estimates. The real IQ of each person has been adjusted to fit realistically around the two century-plus digested mean "Cox-Platt-Buzan-Thims IQs", namely those of Newton (IQ CPBT.png = 199) and Darwin (IQ CPBT.png = 175).[2] The "steady" Steady.png, "up" Up.png, "down" Down.png, and "wavy" Wavy.png indicators, in each ranking #, give indication on whether they are in the process of migrating upwards, downwards, "holding steady", or in a processing or "undecided" state.

Geniuses | 1-200

# Person IQ Overview Sex Country
1.
Steady.jpg
Johann Goethe
(206-123 BE)
(1749-1832 ACM)
IQ real 210.png

IQ O.png=180, 210[3], 240[4]
IQs BR.png=233
IQ MM.png=225
IQ B.png=215|#2
IQ SK.png=215|#4
IQ CB.png=213
IQ C.png=210|#1
IQ SS.png=188, 200+, 210
IQ W.png=200

Elective Affinities 4.jpg
(Cattell 1000:7) [RGM:41|1,350+] (Murray 4000:2|WL) (Gottlieb 1000:131) (GMG:1) (Perry 80:1|Li) [LUG:#] [LPKE:#] [TCG] (SN:1) (HD:19) (FA:56) (GA:6) (LR:2) (Re:82) (EvT:8|21+) [CR:2,151|#1] Poly-intellect, writer, philosopher, evolutionist; founder of human chemistry, per his 1809 physico-chemical based novella Elective Affinities, wherein the four main characters, Charlotte A (as CO3.png), Edward B (as Ca.png), Captain C (as H2SO4.png), Ottilie D Goethe.png (as a newly introduced chemical), Edward and Charlotte AB Goethe.png married, i.e. bonded AB bond Goethe.png (as gypsum), shown adjacent, take place in the following double displacement human chemical reaction:
AB + CD reaction Goethe.png

during which their "passions" and competing "moralities" are brought into conflict and reconciled via governing nature of the “affinities” (or chemical forces) operating on and between each character, during the course of their physico-chemical transformation; the socially-extrapolated realization of Newton's last and final "Query 31" (1718).

M German
2.
Steady.jpg
Isaac Newton 75.png
Isaac Newton
(312-228 BE)
(1643-1727 ACM)
IQ real 205.png

IQ O.png=200, 250+[5]
IQ SS.png=250
IQ CPBT.png=199
IQ B.png=195|#5
IQ CB.png=193
IQ CPB.png=192
IQ C.png=190|#7
IQ JP.png=190
IQ SK.png=190|#14
IQ W.png=170

Gravitational force 2.jpg
(Cattell 1000:4) [RGM:2|1,350+] (Murray 4000:2|CS / 1|P / 2|M) (Gottlieb 1000:6) (EPD:F0) (SIG:1) [CR:866|#2] English physicist, astronomer, chemistry, mathematician, and philosopher;
“Is it not for want of an attractive virtue [no attraction] (ΔG > 0) between the parts of water (∇) and oil, of quick-silver (☿)(Hg) and antimony (♁)(Sb), of lead (♄)(Pb) and iron (♂)(Fe), that these substances do not mix; and by a weak attraction (ΔG ≈ 0), that quick-silver (☿)(Hg) and copper (♀)(Cu) mix difficultly; and from a strong one [strong attraction] (ΔG < 0), that quicksilver (☿)(Hg) and tin ( ♃)(Sn), antimony (♁)(Sb) and iron (♂)(Fe), water (∇) and salts, mix readily?”
— Isaac Newton (1718), “Query 31”, in: Optics

Noted for his 1671 ''Method of Fluxions and Infinite Series'', wherein, he introduced differential equations (Ѻ); for his 1686 Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy; wherein he codified the three laws of motion, and proved, via mathematical means, that planets travel in ellipses owing to an “inward force of attraction between planets and the sun must decrease in inverse proportion to the square of the distance between them”, which Hooke and or Halley boasted, to Wren (c.1684), to have “solved”, albeit without proof; and for his 1704 Optics, wherein argues for a corpuscular theory of light, and in the 1718 edition attached his final “Query 31”, on the nature of chemical reactions occurring by degrees of force, which launched the science of affinity chemistry.

M English
3.
Steady.jpg
Einstein 75.png
Albert Einstein
(76 BE-0 AE)
(1879-1955 ACM)
IQ real 205.png

IQ SS.png=240
IQs BR.png=233
IQ O.png=160, 200, 225[6]
IQ B.png=205|#4
IQ SK.png=190|#16
IQ JP.png=180+

Relativity.gif
[RGM:6|1,350+] (Murray 4000:9|CS / 2|P) (Gottlieb 1000:17) (LGS:1) [Kanowitz 50:2] [Cropper 30:1|R] (GPE:1) (HD:52) (RE:76) [CR:737|#5] Physicist, astronomer, and philosopher; noted for his 1905 discovery of the equivalence of mass and energy: E=mc2.png; for his hypothesis of "light quanta" (via Planck's 1901 "energy element"); pioneer of radiation thermodynamics of relativistic thermodynamics; famous his 1915 general theory of relativity, which explained gravity as the bending of "spacetime" around all massive bodies (as shown above); via which he predicted the gravitational bending of light rays (confirmed by Eddington during the eclipse of 1919), and also predicted the existence of "gravitational waves" (detected in 2015, emanating from the inward spiral and merger of a pair of black holes of around 36 and 29 solar masses).
M German-born American
4.
Steady.jpg
Maxwell 75.png
James Maxwell
(124-76 BE)
(1831-1879 ACM)
IQ real 205.png

IQ SK.png=185|#26

EM-wave 4.gif
[RGM:53|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:205) (Murray 4000:20|CS / 9|P) (EPD:M8) (DN:4±) (RE:48) (GPE:3) [CR:478|#10] Mathematical physicist, a child prodigy, turned top ranked magnitude genius, one of the core founders of thermodynamics, noted for his 1860 development of the kinetic theory of gases, his 1862 Maxwell’s equations, describing the nature of the electromagnetic field, his 1871 Theory of Heat, his 1873 electromagnetic field theory of light, his 1875 thermodynamic surface work, among a number of other impressive accomplishments.
M Scottish
5.
Wavy.png
Gibbs 75.png
Willard Gibbs
(116-52 BE)
(1839-1903 ACM)
IQ real 205.png

IQ SK.png=180|#36

Gibbs surface.png
[RGM:573|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:825) [GTE:#] [GCE:27] [GPE] [GEE] (RE:64) [CR:845|#3] Mechanical engineer, chemical engineer, and mathematical physicist;
“Willard Gibbs is the greatest mind in American history. Lorentz, comparatively, is the greatest and most powerful thinker I have ever known. I never met Gibbs, but, perhaps, had I done so, I might have placed him beside Lorentz.”
— Albert Einstein (c.1925/54), aggregate quote

Central founder of chemical thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, vector analysis; first-slating: 195-220 (c.2013).

M American
6.
Steady.png
Da Vinci 75.png
Leonardo da Vinci
(503-436 BE)
(1452-1519 ACM)
IQ real 200.png

IQ O.png=181[7], 210, 220[3], 260
IQ SS.png=250
IQs BR.png=233
IQ B.png=220|#1
IQ CB.png=200
IQ SK.png=195|#9
IQ C.png=180|#27
IQ W.png=167

Da Vinci engine.jpg
(Cattell 1000:86) [RGM:1|1,350+] (Murray 4000:3|T / 4|WA) (Gottlieb 1000:9) [GEE:#] [LPKE:#] (RE:67) (RMS:13) (EP:4) [CR:194|#36] Engineer, artist, technologist, polymath, physicist, astronomer, and general philosopher;
“The desire to know is natural to good men.”
— Leonardo da Vinci (c.1490)

note for: blue sky problem theorist; animal heat theory, engineering, e.g. he made the first design for a piston and cylinder (see: piston) style gunpowder engine able to to lift a weight (adjacent), and therein an avowed "vacuist" (compare: avacuist); designed warfare technology, flight machines; heliocentrism advocate; did a pumpkin growing variant of Johann Helmont’s later more-popular willow growing experiment; Bible flood myth debunker; said to have utilized a "sleep formula", sleeping no more than four hours at a time, so to optimize his intellectual output: IQ of 260 (Araugo, 2017).

M Italian
7.
Up.png
Clausius 75.png
Rudolf Clausius
(133-67 BE)
(1822-1888 ACM)
IQ real 200.png

IQ SK.png=175|#84

Work equals force times distance (Clausius).jpg
[RGM:399|1,350+] (GS:5) (SIG:3) (RE:66) [CR:829|#4] Mathematical physicist;
“Before Clausius, truth and error were in a confusing state of mixture, and wrong answers were confidently urged by the highest authorities.”
Willard Gibbs (1889), “Rudolf Julius Emanuel Clausius”

Noted for his The Mechanical Theory of Heat (1865), wherein, building on Euler, Lagrange, Lavoisier, Carnot, Joule, Thomson, and Rankine, he founded the science of thermodynamics.

M German
8.
Down.png
Aristotle 75.png
Aristotle
(2339-2277 BE)
(384-322 BCM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ SS.png=250
IQ O.png=190-210
IQ Q c.png=190, 200, 200+[8]
IQ B.png=190

(Cattell 1000:6) [RGM:9|1,350+] [CR:537|#7] M Greek
9.
Up.png
Galileo 75.png
Galileo Galilei
(319-313 BE)
(1564-1642 ACM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ SS.png=240
IQ C.png=185
IQ CB.png=183
IQ B.png=180

(Cattell 1000:46) [RGM:4|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:4) [CR:307|#21] M Italian
10.
Steady.png
Helmholtz 75.png
Hermann Helmholtz
(134-61 BE)
(1821-1894 ACM)
IQ real 195.png [RGM:214|1,350+] [CR:390|#15] M German
11.
Wavy.png
Young 75.png
Thomas Young
(182-126 BE)
(1773-1829 ACM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ SK.png=185|#17

[RGM:772|1,350+] M English
12.
Up.png
Lewis 75.png
Gilbert Lewis
(80-9 BE)
(1875-1946 ACM)
IQ real 195.png [RGM:489|1,350+] [CR:429|#11] M American
13.
Steady.png
Descartes 75.png
Rene Descartes
(339-305 BE)
(1596-1650 ACM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ C.png=188
IQ CB.png=178
IQ B.png=175
IQ W.png=175

(Cattell 1000:23) [RGM:26|1,350+] [CR:431|#9] M French
14.
Steady.png
Laplace 75.png
Pierre Laplace
(206-128 BE)
(1749-1827 ACM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ C.png=190

(Cattell 1000:233) [RGM:315|1,350+] M French
15.
Wavy.png
Euler 75.png
Leonhard Euler
(248-172 BE)
(1707-1783 ACM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ SS.png=230
IQ Q c.png=190-210[9]

(Cattell 1000:512) [RGM:91|1,350+] M Swiss
16.
Steady.png
Voltare 75.png
Voltaire
(261-177 BE)
(1694-1778 ACM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ O.png=200[6]
IQ C.png=190
IQ W.png=185

(Cattell 1000:4) [RGM:62|1,350+] (Murray 4000:7|WL) (EPD:M7) (GPhE:#) [CR:315|#19] Philosopher, writer, encyclopedist, lay physicist; M French
17.
Steady.png
Tesla 75.png
Nikola Tesla
(99-12 BE)
(1856-1943 ACM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ O.png=230-310[6]
IQ O.png=140-160, 200

[RGM:5|1,350+] M Serbian-born American
18.
Up.png
Hooke 75.png
Robert Hooke
(320-252 BE)
(1635-1703 ACM)
IQ real 195.png

IQ O.png=200+[4]

[RGM:372|1,350+] M English
19.
Up.png
Adams 75.png
Henry Adams
(117-37 BE)
(1838-1918 ACM)
IQ real 195.png
[RGM:675|1,350+] (GHE:1) (LR:4) (SN:2) (RE:80) [CR:568|#6] Historian and physico-chemical humanities pioneer;
“I have run my head hard up against a form of mathematics that grinds my brains out. I flounder like a sculpin in the mud. It is called the ‘law of phases’, and was invented at Yale [by Gibbs]. No one shall persuade me that I am not a phase.”
— Henry Adams (1908), “Letter to Elizabeth Cameron”, Sep 29

Noted for his physico-chemical social dynamics (1908) theory of history, a five-decade plus long effort, to apply and utilize the physical sciences, particularly chemistry, physics, and thermodynamics, employing anchor concepts such as the second law, the kinetic theory of gases, Gibbs phase rule (see: social phase), Maxwell's demon, nebular hypothesis, heat death, social gravity, social acceleration theory, etc., in the study of humans, politically, historically, and philosophically, which he viewed as human molecules (or "phases" or equilibrium states, depending), and countries, via the historical rise and fall change perspective; Adams had convinced himself, at the age of 70, that he was a “point” (or phase) on a social three-dimensional physico-chemical thermodynamics surface (aka social phase diagram), as can be visualized on Maxwell’s 1874 “thermodynamic surface” (Ѻ), which he made as a gift for Gibbs.

M American
20.
Wavy.png
Pareto 75.png
Vilfredo Pareto
(107-32 BE)
(1848-1923 ACM)
IQ real 190 normal c png.png [RGM:475|1,350+] [CR:282|#24] M French-born Italian
21.
Steady.png
Gauss 75.png
Carl Gauss
(178-100 BE)
(1777-1855 ACM)
IQ real 190 normal c png.png

IQ SS.png=240
IQ O.png=200±, 250+[10]
IQ JP.png=180+

(Cattell 1000:848) [RGM:11|1,350+] M German
22.
Up.png
Lagrange 75.png
Joseph Lagrange
(219-142 BE)
(1736-1813 ACM)
IQ real 190 normal c png.png

IQ C.png=185

[RGM:41|1,350+] M French
23.
Down.png
Leibnitz 75.png
Gottfried Leibniz
(309-239 BE)
(1646-1716 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ C.png=205
IQ W.png=200
IQ CB.png=194
IQ B.png=182

[RGM:675|1,350+] M German
24.
Wavy.png
Empedocles 75.png
Empedocles
(2450-2390 BE)
(495-435 BCM)
IQ real 190 normal c png.png [RGM:432|1,350+] [CR:288|#24] M Greek
25.
Steady.png
Carnot 75.png
Sadi Carnot
(159-123 BE)
(1796-1832 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:793|1,350+] [CR:425|#12] M French
26.
Steady.png
Schrodinger 75.png
Erwin Schrodinger
(86 BE-6 AE)
(1887-1961 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:158|1,350+] [CR:229|#31] M Austrian
27.
Steady.png
Francis Bacon 75.png
Francis Bacon
(394-329 BE)
(1561-1626 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:96|1,350+] M English
28.
Steady.png
Boltzmann 75.png
Ludwig Boltzmann
(111-49 BE)
(1844-1906 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:483|1,350+] [CR:318|#18] M Austrian
29.
Wavy.png
Friedrich Nietzsche 75.png
Friedrich Nietzsche
(111-55 BE)
(1844-1900 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ Q c.png=150, 190, 210[11]
IQ SS.png=180, 200+
IQ U.png=186
IQ O.png=180

[RGM:39|1,350+] [CR:329|#17] M German
30.
Wavy.png
Gassendi 75.png
Pierre Gassendi
(363-300 BE)
(1592-1655 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ C.png=185

[RGM:661|1,350+] M French
31.
Up.png
Holbach 75.png
Baron d’Holbach
(232-166 BE)
(1723-1789 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:688|1,350+] M German-born French
32.
Wavy.png
Dirac 75.png
Paul Dirac
(53 BE-29 AE)
(1902-1984 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:201|1,350+] M English-born American
33.
Up.png
Huygens 75.png
Christiaan Huygens
(326-260 BE)
(1629-1695 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ C.png=175

[RGM:383|1,350+] M Dutch
34.
Steady.png
Jefferson 75.png
Thomas Jefferson
(212-129 BE)
(1743-1826 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ B.png=195
IQ CB.png=178
IQ C.png=160
IQ W.png=160
IQ S.png=160

[RGM:78|1,350+] M American
35.
Steady.png
Pauling 75.png
Linus Pauling
(54 BE-43AE)
(1901-1994 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ JP.png=180
IQ SS.png=160, 170, 180
IQ O.png=160, 170[12]

[RGM:430|1,350+] M American
36.
Steady.png
Democritus 75.png
Democritus
(2415-2325 BE)
(c.460-370 BCM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:86|1,350+] M Greek
37.
Up.png
Guericke 75.png
Otto Guericke
(353-269 BE)
(1602-1686 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:99|1,350+] M German
38.
Steady.png
Ostwald 75.png
Wilhelm Ostwald
(102-23 BE)
(1853-1932 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:87|1,350+] [CR:298|#20] M German
39.
Steady.png
Archimedes 75.png
Archimedes
(2242-2167 BE)
(287-212 BCM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ SS.png=240
IQ JP.png=190
IQ B.png=190

[RGM:9|1,350+] M Greek
40.
Wavy.png
Neumann 75.png
John Neumann
(52 BE-2 AE)
(1903-1957 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ O.png=163, 180, 200[13], 225[14]
IQ JP.png=180

[RGM:189|1,350+] [CR:221|#32] M Hungarian-born American
41.
Steady.png
Shakespeare 75.png
William Shakespeare
(391-339 BE)
(1564-1616 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQs BR.png=233
IQ B.png=210

[RGM:54|1,350+] M English
42.
Steady.png
Planck 75.png
Max Planck
(97-8 BE)
(1858-1947 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:23|1,350+] [CR:254|#30] M German
43.
Steady.png
Fermi 75.png
Enrico Fermi
(54-1 BE)
(1901-1954 ACM)
IQ real 190.png [RGM:38|1,350+] M Italian
44.
Down.png
Hypatia 75.jpg
Hypatia
(1605-1540 BE)
(350-415 ACM)
IQ real 190.png

IQ O.png=180, 200, 210[6]
IQ SS.png=195
IQ O.png=170[3]

Astrolabe 2.png
[RGM:92|1,350+] (GFG:1) (CR:44) Philosopher, mathematician, physicist, and astronomer;
“Reserve your right to think, for even to think wrongly is better than not to think at all.”
— Hypatia (c.400), Publication

only known female universal genius, daughter of mathematical astronomer Theon, the last head of the Library of Alexander; noted for being one of the last apex intellects before humanity went into the dark ages; a fabled "last persons to know everything"; noted early irreligionist; credited with the invention of the astrolabe (adjacent); is rumored to have explained the seasonal variations of the apparent size of the sun, and conceived of elliptical orbit heliocentrism; Kepler, Bertrand Russel, and Voltaire praised her; stoned to death.

F Greco-Roman Alexandrian
45.
Steady.png
Bruno 75.png
Giordano Bruno
(407-355 BE)
(1548-1600 ACM)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:128|1,350+] M Italian
46.
Wavy.png
Pascal 75.png
Blaise Pascal
(332-293 BE)
(1623-1662 ACM)
IQ real 185.png

IQ SS.png=235
IQ C.png=195
IQ O.png=195[12]
IQ W.png=192

[RGM:30|1,350+] M French
47.
Steady.png
Feynman 75.png

Richard Feynman
(37 BE-33 AE)
(1918-1988 ACM)
IQ real 185.png

IQ O.png=125[15], 185, 190[16]

[RGM:70|1,350+] M American
48.
Steady.png
Maupertuis 75.png
Pierre Maupertuis
(257-197 BE)
(1698-1758 ACM)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:616|1,350+] M French
49.
Steady.png
Epicurus 75.png
Epicurus
(2296-2225) BE)
(341-270 BCM)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:108|1,350+] [CR:363|#16] M Greek
50.
Steady.png
Spinoza 75.png
Benedict Spinoza
(323-278 BE)
(1632-1677 ACM)
IQ real 185.png

IQ CB.png=175
IQ C.png=175
IQ B.png=175

[RGM:116|1,350+] M Dutch
51.
Steady.png
Bridgman 75.png
Percy Bridgman
(1882-1961)
IQ real 185.png

IQ JP.png=180
IQ EM.png=170

[RGM:617|1,350+] M American
52.
Up.png
Thomson 75.png
William Thomson

(131-48 BE)
(1824-1907 ACM)

IQ real 185.png [RGM:619|1,350+] [CR:390|#14] M Irish-born Scottish
53.
Steady.png
Edison 75.png
Thomas Edison
(1847-1931)
IQ real 185.png

IQ SS.png=240
IQ B.png=195

[RGM:147|1,350+] M American
54.
Steady.png
Euclid 75.png
Euclid
(c.340-280BC)
IQ real 185.png

IQ B.png=185

[RGM:13|1,350+] M Greek
55.
Up.png
Copernicus 75.png
Nicolaus Copernicus
(1473-1543)
IQ real 185.png

IQ CB.png=173
IQ C.png=160
IQ B.png=185
IQ T.png=100-110

(Cattell 1000:341) [RGM:20|1,350+] (Murray 4000:5|A) (Gottlieb 1000:18) [Kanowitz 50:15] (GPE:35) (GAE:1) [CR:136] Mathematician, astronomer, and physician, aka "next Ptolemy" (Reinhold, 1542), noted for []
M Polish
56.
Up.png
Boyle 75.png
Robert Boyle
(1627-1691)
IQ real 185.png

IQ C.png=160

[RGM:529|1,350+] M English
57.
Wavy.png
Winiarski 75.png
Leon Winiarski
(1865-1915)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:712|1,350+] M Polish-born Swiss
58.
Wavy.png
Dolloff 75.png
Norman Dolloff
(1907-1984)
IQ real 185.png M American
59.
Wavy.png
Schopenhauer 75.png
Arthur Schopenhauer
(167-95 BE)
(1788-1860 ACM)
IQ real 185.png

IQ EM.png=170

[RGM:98|1,350+] [CR:259|#29] M German
60.
Up.png
Shelley 75.png
Percy Shelley
(1792-1822)
IQ real 185+.png

IQ O.png=185+
IQ T.png=165

[RGM:562|1,350+] M English
61.
Wavy.png
Beeckman 75.png
Isaac Beeckman
(1588-1637)
IQ real 185.png M Dutch
62
Steady.png
Erasmus 75.png
Desiderius Erasmus
(1466-1537)
IQ real 185.png

IQ CB.png=178
IQ C.png=180
IQ B.png=175

[RGM:82|1,350+] M Dutch
63
Steady.png
Hero 75.png
Hero
(c.10-70AD)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:379|1,350+] M Greek
64.
Wavy.png
Turing 75.png
Alan Turing
(1912-1954)
IQ real 185.png

IQ O.png=180-190[17]

[RGM:12|1,350+] M English
65.
Down.png
Schiller 75.png
Friedrich Schiller
(1759-1805)
IQ real 185.png

IQ C.png=165

[RGM:37|1,350+] M German
66.
Wavy.png
Davy 75.png
Humphry Davy
(1778-1829)
IQ real 185.png

IQ C.png=165

[RGM:530|1,350+] M English
67.
Steady.png
Sales 75.png
Jean Sales
(1741-1816)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:670|1,350+] M French
68.
Steady.png
Massey 75.png
Gerald Massey
(1828-1907)
IQ real 185.png M English
69.
Steady.png
Mill 75.png
John Mill
(1806-1873)
IQ real 185.png

IQ O.png=200[6]
IQ EM.png=190
IQ B.png=185
IQ CB.png=183
IQ C.png=180

[RGM:149|1,350+] M English
70.
Steady.png
Freud 75.png
Sigmund Freud
(99-16 BE)
(1856-1939 ACM)
IQ real 185.png

IQ JP.png=180
IQ O.png=156[7]

[RGM:131|1,350+] [CR:337|#17] M Austrian
71.
Steady.png
Comte 75.png
Auguste Comte
(1798-1857)
IQ real 185.png

IQ C.png=185

[RGM:890|1,350+] M French
72.
Wavy.png
Lotka 75.png
Alfred Lotka
(1880-1949)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:627|1,350+] M Austrian-born American
73.
Steady.png
No image 75.png
Ctesibius
(c.285-222BC)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:631|1,350+] M Greek
74.
Wavy.png
Hobbes 75.png
Thomas Hobbes
(1588-1679)
IQ real 185.png

IQ C.png=165

[RGM:134|1,350+] M English
75.
Steady.png
Kant 75.png
Immanuel Kant
(231-151 BE)
(1724-1804 ACM)
IQ real 185.png

IQ O.png=250+[5]
IQ C.png=175

[RGM:51|1,350+] [CR:217|#35] M German
76.
Steady.png
Gilbert 75.png
William Gilbert
(1544-1603)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:641|1,350+] M English
77.
Steady.png
Boscovich 75.png
Roger Boscovich
(1711-1787)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:664|1,350+] M Croatian
78.
Down.png
Swedenborg 75.png
Emanuel Swedenborg
(1688-1772)
IQ real 185.png

IQ G.png=210[6]
IQ O.png=205[18]
IQ C.png=165

[RGM:137|1,350+] M Swedish
79.
Steady.png
Heraclitus 75.png
Heraclitus
(c.535-450BC)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:260|1,350+] M Greek
80.
Down.png
Grotius 75.png
Hugo Grotius
(1583-1645)
IQ real 185.png

IQ C.png=200
IQ W.png=197

[RGM:208|1,350+] M Dutch
81.
Down.png
Bose 75.png
Satyendra Bose
(1894-1974)
IQ real 185.png
Bose-Einstein condensate.png
[RGM:855|1,350+] (LGS:1) (CR:11) Mathematical physicist; pronounced: “Shoot-ing-dra Bowce” (Ѻ); noted for his 1919 proof that Max Planck’s theory of heat radiation could be deduced from Albert Einstein’s theory of photons, for his 1925 prediction, with Einstein, of Bose-Einstein condensate (adjacent), confirmed in 1995; and for his general Bose-Einstein statistics, which bosons obey; mean genius comparison IQ of 187; a top 500 missing genius candidate. (Ѻ)
M Indian
82.
Steady.png
Majorana 75.png
Ettore Majorana
(1906-1938)
IQ real 185.png [RGM:349|1,350+] M Italian
83.
Steady.png
Schelling 75.png
Friedrich Schelling
(1775-1854)
IQ real 185.png

IQ C.png=190

[RGM:208|1,350+] M German
84.
Steady.png
D'Alembert 75.png
Jean d'Alembert
(1717-1783)
IQ real 185.png

IQ C.png=185

[RGM:88|1,350+] M French
85.
Steady.png
Pythagoras 75.png
Pythagoras
(c.570-490BC)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:7|1,350+] M Greek
86.
Steady.png
Lucretius 75.png
Lucretius
(2054-2010 BE)
(99-55 BCM)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:612|1,350+] [CR:285|#26] M Greek
87.
Steady.png
Rankine 75.png
William Rankine
(1820-1872)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:679|1,350+] M Scottish
88.
Steady.png
Bohr 75.png
Niels Bohr
(1885-1962)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:32|1,350+] M Danish
89.
Wavy.png
Heisenberg 75.png
Werner Heisenberg
(1901-1976)
IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=173

[RGM:36|1,350+] M German
90.
Steady.png
Kepler 75.png
Johannes Kepler
(1571-1630)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=175

[RGM:36|1,350+] M German
91.
Up.png
Thales 75.png
Thales
(c.624-546 BC)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:14|1,350+] M Greek
92.
Steady.png
Sherrington 75.png
Charles Sherrington
(1857-1952)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:733|1,350+] M English
93.
Up.png
Lavoisier 75.png
Antoine Lavoisier
(1743-1794)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=170

[RGM:160|1,350+] M French
94.
Steady.png
Machiavelli 75.png
Niccolo Machiavelli
(1469-1527)
IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=165

[RGM:68|1,350+] M Italian
95.
Steady.png
Faraday 75.png
Michael Faraday
(1791-1867)
IQ real 180.png

IQ SS.png=230
IQ B.png=180
IQ CB.png=175
IQ C.png=170

[RGM:18|1,350+] M English
96.
Steady.png
Roger Bacon 75.png
Roger Bacon
(1214-1294)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:537|1,350+] M English
97.
Wavy.png
Plato 75.png
Plato
(2378-2303 BE)
(c.423-348 BCM)
IQ real 180.png

IQ SS.png=225
IQ B.png=180

[RGM:16|1,350+] [CR:301|#21] M Greek
98.
Down.png
Strutt 75.png
John Strutt
(1842-1919)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:684|1,350+] M English
99.
Steady.png
Hawking 75.png
Stephen Hawking
(1942-2018)
IQ real 180.png

IQ MT.png=200-250, 245[19]
IQ O.png=160, 169[7], 280[20]
IQ SS.png=205
IQ B.png=180

[RGM:65|1,350+] M English
100.
Steady.png
Strato 75.png
Strato
(c.335-269BC)
IQ real 180.png M Greek
101.
Up.png
Henderson 75.png
Lawrence Henderson
(1878-1942)
IQ real 180.png
(SN:8) (EvT:19|21+) (CR:250) Physiologist, physico-chemical sociologist, and anti-chance philosopher;
“Matter and energy have an original property, assuredly not by chance, which organizes the universe in space and time.”
— Lawrence Henderson (1913), The Fitness of the Environment

Ran the Harvard Pareto circle; used a synthesis of Willard Gibbs and Vilfredo Pareto for his pioneering "Sociology 23" course, wherein he employed a "box-spring model" of individuals, bound in a society, pictured, to usurp "causality" with "change of state"; the last great theory of all thing theorists or thing philosophers (following Henry Adams).

M American
102.
Steady.png
Cicero 75.png
Cicero
(106-43BC)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:101|1,350+] M Roman
103.
Steady.png
Tolstoy 75.png
Leo Tolstoy
(1828-1910)
IQ real 180.png

IQ O.png=185[21]

[RGM:75|1,350+] M Russian
104.
Steady.png
Russell 75.png
Bertrand Russell
(1872-1970)
IQ real 180.png

IQ JP.png=180
IQ AE.png=180
IQ O.png=180[22]
IQ PP.png=147

[RGM:100|1,350+] M English
105.
Steady.png
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) .png
Charles Darwin
(1809-1882)
IQ real 180.png

IQ JP.png=180
IQ CPBT.png=175
IQ CPB.png=173
IQ B.png=173
IQ CB.png=169
IQ C.png=165
IQ W.png=160

[RGM:44|1,350+] [CR:514|#8] M English
106.
Steady.png
Napoleon Bonaparte 75.png
Napoleon Bonaparte
(1769-1821)
IQ real 180.png

IQ CB.png=163
IQ C.png=145
IQ U.png=186
IQ B.png=180
IQ W.png=142

[RGM:154|1,350+] M French
107.
Steady.png
Pope 75.png
Alexander Pope
(1688-1744)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M English
108.
Up.png
Lorentz 75.png
Hendrik Lorentz
(1853-1928)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:597|1,350+] M Dutch
109.
Wavy.png
Buchner 75.png
Ludwig Buchner
(1824-1899)
IQ real 180.png M German
110.
Steady.png
Hume 75.png
David Hume
(1711-1776)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

[RGM:112|1,350+] M Scottish
111.
Steady.png
No image 75.png
Heraclides
(387-312BC)
IQ real 180.png
Rotating earth.gif
Philosopher and astronomer; proposed that the earth rotates on its axis (compare: Ecphantus (c.500BC)); posited that the soul was light; did battle with Aristotle, supposedly, on the question whether the universe is finite or infinite; and is rumored, according to Simplicius (c.590AD), to have formulated heliocentrism (or at least the precursor model to what Aristarchus (c.240BC) (IQ:175|#244) put into book form); first draft slated at 180|#115, a grade above Aristarchus.
M Greek
112.
Steady.png
Bentham 75.png
Jeremy Bentham
(1748-1832)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

[RGM:727|1,350+] M English
113.
Steady.png
Milton 75.png
John Milton
(1608-1674)
IQ real 180.png

IQ CB.png=177
IQ C.png=180
IQ B.png=173

[RGM:254|1,350+] M English
114.
Wavy.png
Riemann 75.png
Bernhard Riemann
(1826-1866)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:201|1,350+] M German
115.
Steady.png
Michelangelo 75.png
Michelangelo
(1475-1564)
IQ real 180.png

IQ CB.png=178
IQ C.png=180
IQ B.png=175

[RGM:15|1,350+] M Italian
116.
Steady.png
Anaximander 75.png
Anaximander
(c.610-564BC)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:368|1,350+] M Greek
117.
Wavy.png
Chatelet 75.png
Emilie Chatelet
(1706-1749)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:783|1,350+] F French
118.
Wavy.png
Curie 75.png
Marie Curie
(1867-1934)
IQ real 180.png

IQ SS.png=205
IQ O.png=200[6]
IQ B.png=180

[RGM:17|1,350+] F Polish-born French
119.
Steady.png
Magnus 75.png
Albertus Magnus
(1205-1280)
IQ real 180.png M German
120.
Wavy.png
Teilhard 75.png
Pierre Teilhard
(1881-1955)
IQ real 180.png M French
121.
Steady.png
Dostoyevsky 75.png
Fyodor Dostoyevsky
(1821-1881)
IQ real 180.png

IQ SS.png=215

[RGM:49|1,350+] M Russian
122.
Up.png
Marcus Aurelius 75.png
Marcus Aurelius
(121-180)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:81|1,350+] M Roman
123.
Steady.png
Marx 75.png
Karl Marx
(1818-1883)
IQ real 180.png

IQ O.png=140-160[23]

[RGM:359|1,350+] M German
124.
Steady.png
No image 75.png
Leucippus
(2455-2405 BE)
(c.500-450 BCM)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:17|1,350+] [CR:214|#33] M Greek
125.
Wavy.png
Parmenides 75.png
Parmenides
(510-450BC)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:330|1,350+] M Greek
126.
Wavy.png
Sarpi 75.png
Paolo Sarpi
(1552-1623)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=195
IQ W.png=187

M Italian
127.
Steady.png
Haber 75.png
Fritz Haber
(1868-1934)
IQ real 180.png M German
128.
Wavy.png
Avicenna 75.png
Avicenna
(980-1037)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:159|1,350+] M Persian
129.
Wavy.png
Heaviside 75.png
Oliver Heaviside
(1850-1925)
IQ real 180.png M English
130.
Down.png
Doyle 75.png
Arthur Doyle
(1859-1930)
IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=182

[RGM:581|1,350+] M English
131.
Wavy.png
No image 75.png
Anaxagoras
(2455-2383 BE)

(500-428 BCM)

IQ real 180.png
Anaxagoras sun model.jpg
(Cattell 1000:703) (ACR:4) (FA:7) (EvT:4|21+) (CR:51) Philosopher, physicist, astronomer; teacher of Socrates; held the view, based on the examination of fallen meteors, that the sun was NOT a "god", but rather a hot or fiery stone (was imprisoned for this); moon light was reflected sunlight; postulated the existence of the element “aether”, which he conceived of as being in constant rotation and carried with it the celestial bodies; added at 180|#131 (c.2018).
M Greek
132.
Wavy.png
Augustine 75.png
Augustine
(354-430)
IQ real 180.png

IQ O.png=180[24]

[RGM:251|1,350+] M Roman
133.
Steady.png
Byron 75.png
George Byron
(1788-1824)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

[RGM:1,037|1,350+] M English
133.
Steady.png
Bell 75.png
Alexander Bell
(1847-1922)
IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=180

[RGM:45|1,350+] M Scottish-born Canadian
134.
Up.png
Montaigne 75.png
Michel Montaigne
(1533-1592)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=165

[RGM:145|1,350+] M French
135.
Steady.png
Harvey 75.png
William Harvey
(1578-1657)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

Heart models.jpg
(Cattell 1000:227) [RGM:540|1,350+] (Simmons Scientific 100:38) (Hart 100:49) (Glenn 20:4) (Murray 20:7|B) (CR:22) Physician;
“Whatever the power be that creates such an animal out of an egg, that it is either the soul, or part of the soul, or something having a soul, or something existing previous to, and more excellent than the soul, operating with intelligence and foresight.”
— William Harvey (c.1630), commentary on the source of the chick embryo

Overthrew the previous “open-ended” blood circulation models of Erasistratus, Galen, and Colombo, with a “closed-circulatory” system. (Ѻ); speculated on soul as "power" that makes an animal out of an egg; speculated on the origin of life.

M English
136.
Down.png
Rossini 75.png
Frederick Rossini
(1899-1990)
IQ real 180.png M American
137.
Up.png
Paine 75.png
Thomas Paine
(218-146 BE)
(1737-1809 ACM)
IQ real 180.png (Cattell 1000:583) [RGM:220|1,350+] (RMS:24) (HD:15) (FA:44) (GA:28) (Stokes 100:52) (AFF:6) (CR:105) Political activist, philosopher, irreligionist, free thinker, and revolutionist;
“I can still remember the flash of enlightenment that shone from its pages.”
— Thomas Edison (c.1915), reflection on Paine’s [1794] Age of Reason

His The Age of Reason (1794), is the most-widely cited “atheist’s bible”, historically; his is Common Sense (1776) pamphlet, selling some 500,000 copies in the mid 1770s, became the "biggest seller per capita in American publishing history and almost single-handedly sparked the [American] revolution" (Smith, 2013); inspiration behind the BCM/ACM dating system (1802); George Washington carried his books into battle; befriended by: Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe; first-slated at 175|#225 (May 2017); upgraded to #139 per Edison genius recognizes genius quote (Jun 2017).

M English-born American
138.
Steady.png
Fourier 75.png
Joseph Fourier
(1768-1830)
IQ real 180.png M French
139.
Wavy.png
Cusa 75.png
Nicholas of Cusa
(1401-1464)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:394|1,350+] M German
140.
Down.png
Green 75.png
George Green
(1793-1841)
IQ real 180.png M English
141.
Steady.png
Ampere 75.png
Andre Ampere
(1775-1836)
IQ real 180.png
Amps.gif
(Cattell 1000:557) [RGM:244|1,350+] [Kanowitz 50:32] (Eells 100:93) (GPE:54) (SIG:6) (CR:15) Physicist and mathematician;
“The experimental investigations by which Ampere established the laws of mechanical action between electric currents is one of the most brilliant achievements in science. The whole, theory and experiment, seems as if it had leaped, full grown and full armed, from the brain of the ‘Newton of electricity’. It is perfect in form, and unassailable in accuracy, and it is summed up in a formula from which all the phenomena may be deduced, and which must always remain the cardinal formula of electro-dynamics.”
— James Maxwell (1873), Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, Volume 2

Dubbed the “father of electrodynamics” (Heaviside, 1888); founder of electrodynamics, the study of currents and dynamical movements; a “tortured genius” who had the phrase “Tandem felix” (“Happy, at last”) engraved on his tombstone; gauged at 180-190 (c.2015).

M French
142.
Steady.png
Dalton 75.png
John Dalton
(1766-1844)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:234|1,350+] M English
143.
Down.png
Berkeley 75.png
George Berkeley
(1685-1753)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=190

[RGM:225|1,350+] M Irish-born English
144.
Steady.png
Pavlov 75.png
Ivan Pavlov
(1849-1936)
IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=180

[RGM:182|1,350+] M Russian
144.
Steady.png
Madison 75.png
James Madison
(1751-1836)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=160

IQ S.png=160

[RGM:465|1,350+] M American
145.
Steady.png
Rousseau 75.png
Jean Rousseau
(1712-1778)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=150

[RGM:118|1,350+] M Genevan
146.
Steady.png
Coriolis 75.png
Gustave Coriolis
(1772-1843)
IQ real 180.png
Work equals force times distance.png
(SIG:9) (CR:35) Physicist;
“Any particle moving in the northern hemisphere is deflected to the right, and any particle moving in the southern hemisphere is deflected to the left.”
— Gustave Coriolis (1835), “On the Equations of Motion of a System of Bodies”

noted for his 1829 Calculation of the Effect of Machines, wherein he introduced the formula for work as force times distance; some assert that he introduced the factor ½ in Leibniz’s 1686 vis viva for the sake of mathematical convenience (others say it was Lagrange who did this in 1811); his 1835 paper introduced the Coriolis effect, according to which explains why toilets drain (and people move) clockwise in the northern hemisphere (drive on right side of road) and counterclockwise (drive on left side of road) in the southern hemisphere; first-slating: 180|#150 (Feb 2019).

M French
147.
Up.png
Fernel 75.png
Jean Fernel
(1497-1558)
IQ real 180.png M French
148.
Steady.png
Franklin 75.png
Benjamin Franklin
(1706-1790)
IQ real 180.png

IQ CB.png=173
IQ C.png=160
IQ B.png=185
IQ W.png=160

[RGM:31|1,350+] M American
149.
Steady.png
Berzelius 75.png
Jacob Berzelius
(1779-1848)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=160

M Swedish
150.
Steady.png
Alexander 75.png
Alexander the Great
(356-323BC)
IQ real 180.png

IQ O.png=200[25]
IQ B.png=180

[RGM:70|1,350+] M Greek
151.
Down.png
Leopardi 75.png
Giacomo Leopardi
(1798-1837)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=185
IQ W.png=185

[RGM:187|1,350+] M Italian
152.
Down.png
Mirabeau 75.png
Honore Mirabeau
(1749-1791)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=185

M French
153.
Up.png
Linnaeus 75.png
Carl Linnaeus
(1707-1778)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=165

[RGM:129|1,350+] M Swedish
154.
Wavy.png
John Bardeen 75.png
John Bardeen
(1908-1991)
IQ real 180.png M American
155.
Steady.png
Condorcet 75.png
Marquis Condorcet
(1743-1794)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M French
156.
Wavy.png
Tukey 75.png
John Tukey
(1915-2000)
IQ real 180.png M American
157.
Steady.png
Plutarch 75.png
Plutarch
(c.46-120)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:421|1,350+] M Greek-born Roman
158.
Up.png
Froude 75.png
James Froude
(1818-1894)
IQ real 180.png M English
159.
Steady.png
Bergman 75.png
Torbern Bergman
(220-171 BE)
(1735-1784 ACM)
IQ real 180.png [CR:210|#34] M Swedish
160.
Steady.png
Rutherford 75.png
Ernest Rutherford
(1871-1937)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:93|1,350+] M New Zealand-born British
161.
Wavy.png
Nash 75.png
John Nash
(1928-2015)
IQ real 180.png

IQ O.png=180

IQ real 180.png M American
162.
Wavy.png
Toland 75.png
John Toland
(1670-1722)
IQ real 180.png M Irish
163.
Steady.png
Joule 75.png
James Joule
(1818-1889)
IQ real 180.png M English
164.
Steady.png
Mayer 75.png
Robert Mayer
(1814-1878)
IQ real 180.png M German
165.
Down.png
Bray 75.png
Henry Bray
(1846-1922)
IQ real 180.png M English-born American
166.
Steady.png
Socrates 75.png
Socrates
(c.469-399BC)
IQ real 180.png

IQ SS.png=235
IQ U.png=186
IQ B.png=160

[RGM:3|1,350+] M Greek
167.
Steady.png
Swift 75.png
Jonathan Swift
(1667-1745)
IQ real 180.png

IQ O.png=186
IQ C.png=155

[RGM:326|1,350+] M Anglo-Irish
168.
Steady.png
Black 75.png
Joseph Black
(1728-1799)
IQ real 180.png M Scottish
169.
Steady.png
Priestley 75.png
Joseph Priestley
(1733-1804)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=165

[RGM:885|1,350+] M English
170.
Steady.png
Hertz 75.png
Heinrich Hertz
(1857-1894)
IQ real 180.png [RGM:144|1,350+] M German
171.
Steady.png
Gibbon 75.png
Edward Gibbon
(1737-1794)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M English
172.
Steady.png
Geoffroy 75.png
Etienne Geoffroy
(1672-1731)
IQ real 180.png M French
173.
Steady.png
Beethoven 75.png
Ludwig Beethoven
(185-128 BE)

(1770-1827 ACM)

IQ real 180.png

IQ O.png=175[26]

IQ CB.png=165
IQ C.png=165
IQ B.png=165

(Cattell 1000:220) [RGM:19|1,350+] (Murray 4000:1|WM) (GMG:1) (CR:8) Pianist and composer;

“His talent astonished me, but his is a totally untamed personality, and he is not entirely wrong in finding the world detestable, though this attitude does not make it more pleasant, either for himself or others … To think of teaching him would be an insolence even in one with greater insight than mine, for he has the guiding light of genius, whilst the rest of us sit in total darkness, scarcely suspecting the direction from which daylight will break upon us.”

— Johann Goethe (1811), "Commentary on his meeting with Beethoven"

Note for his 9th symphony, 5th symphony, moonlight sonata, etc.; upgraded from 170|#309 to 180|#170 (Feb 2018).

M German
174.
Steady.png
Fresnel 75.png
Augustin Fresnel
(1788-1827)
IQ real 180.png
Prism 315.gif
Engineer-physicist;
“By the genius of Young and Fresnel the wave theory of light was established in a position so strong that hence forth the corpuscular hypothesis was unable to recruit any adherents among the younger men.”
— Edmund Whittaker (1987), A History of the Theory of Aether and Electricity (Ѻ)

co-founder, with Thomas Young, of the wave theory of light; 2018 missing (Ѻ) GPE candidate; first-slating: 180|#170 (Mar 2018).

M French
175.
Steady.png
Diderot 75.png
Denis Diderot
(1713-1784)
IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=165

M French
176.
Steady.png
Shaw 75.png
Bernard Shaw

(1856-1950)

IQ real 180.png

IQ JP.png=165

M English
177.
Wavy.png
Poincare 75.png
Henri Poincare

(1854-1912)

IQ real 180.png

IQ O.png=35

[RGM:437|1,500+] [LPKE:12] (GME:9) (GPE:63) [CR:79] Mathematical physicist;


“Can satisfaction be measured? I may say that one satisfaction is greater than another, because I prefer one to the other; but I cannot say that one is two or three times greater than another … Satisfaction then is a magnitude, but not a measurable magnitude. Now is a magnitude that is not measurable therefore not amenable to mathematical theory? By no means. Temperature, for instance (at any rate before the term ‘absolute temperature’ had acquired a signification with the rise of thermodynamics), was a non-measurable magnitude. It was arbitrarily defined and measured by the expansion of mercury. It might quite as legitimately have been defined by the expansion of any other substance and measured by any function of that expansion, provided that it was a continually increasing function. Likewise, in the present case, provided that the function continually increases along with the satisfaction which it represents.”

— Henri Poincare (1905), “Letter to Leon Walras”; cited by Francis Edgeworth (1915) in “Recent Contributions to Mathematical Economics”


known for: Poincare conjecture, relativity, thermodynamics, mathematics, economics; said to have scored at the “imbecile” level on the Binet IQ test (see: miscalculated IQ); first slated: 185-195|#40 (c.2016); down-graded: 180|#180 (Apr 2020).

M French
178.
Down.png
Kierkegaard 75.png
Soren Kierkegaard

(1813-1855)

IQ real 180.png M Danish
179.
Down.png
Melanchthon 75.png
Philipp Melanchthon

(1497-1560)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=190

IQ W.png=180

M German
180.
Down.png
Bossuet 75.png
Jacques Bossuet

(1627-1704)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

IQ W.png=177

(Cattell 1000:61) Cleric, Bishop, preacher, political philosopher, theologian, and writer; noted for his Discourse on Universal History (1681) (Ѻ), regarded by many as a “second edition” of Augustine’s City of God (426AD), which had addressed theological puzzles, such as suffering of the righteous, the existence of evil, the conflict between free will and divine omniscience, and the doctrine of original sin. (Ѻ) M French
181.
Up.png
Locke 75.png
John Locke

(1632-1704)

IQ real 180.png M English
182.
Wavy.png
Charlemagne 75.png
Charlemagne

(c.742-814)

IQ real 180.png M Frankish
183.
Up.png
Papin 75.png
Denis Papin

(1647-1712)

IQ real 180.png M French
184.
Steady.png
Kircher 75.png
Athanasius Kircher

(1602-1680)

IQ real 180.png M German
185.
Steady.png
Alexander Humboldt 75.png
Alexander Humboldt

(1769-1859)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=185

M Prussian
186.
Wavy.png
Kahn 75.png
Genghis Kahn

(c.1162-1227)

IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=180

IQ O.png=102-125[27]

M Mongolian
187.
Wavy.png
Tasso 75.png
Torquato Tasso

(1544-1595)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M Italian
188.
Wavy.png
Hugo 75.png
Victor Hugo

(1802-1885)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M French
189.
Steady.png
Edgeworth 75.png
Francis Edgeworth

(1845-1926)

IQ real 180.png M Irish
190.
Steady.png
Arago 75.png
Francois Arago

(1786-1853)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M French
191.
Up.png
Joseph Thomson 75.png
Joseph Thomson

(1856-1940)

IQ real 180.png M English
192.
Steady.png
Helmont 75.png
Johann Helmont

(1579-1644)

IQ real 180.png M French
193.
Steady.png
De Broglie 75.png
Louis de Broglie

(1892-1987)

IQ real 180.png M French
194.
Steady.png
Euripides 75.png
Euripides

(c.480-406BC)

IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=173

M Greek
195.
Steady.png
Braun 75.png
Wernher von Braun

(1912-1977)

IQ real 180.png M German–born American
196.
Down.png
Brunelleschi 75.png
Filippo Brunelleschi

(1377-1446)

IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=190

M Italian
197.
Down.png
Brougham 75.png
Henry Brougham

(1778-1868)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M English
198.
Down.png
Niebuhr 75.png
Barthold Niebuhr

(1776-1831)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=185

M German
199.
Up.png
Boerhaave 75.png
Herman Boerhaave

(1668-1738)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=165

M Dutch
200.
Steady.png
Haeckel 75.png
Ernst Haeckel

(1834-1919)

IQ real 180.png M German

Geniuses | 201-400

# Person IQ Overview Sex Country
201.
Steady.png
Fenelon 75.png
Francois Fenelon

(1651-1715)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M French
202.
Steady.png
Scaliger 75.png
Joseph Scaliger

(1540-1609)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M French
203.
Steady.png
Sinan 75.png
Mimar Sinan

(1491-1588)

IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=180

M Turkish
204.
Steady.png
No image 75.png
Phidias

(500-432BC)

IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=180

M Greek
205.
Steady.png
Alberti 75.png
Leon Alberti

(1404-1472)

IQ real 180.png

IQ B.png=180

M Italian
206.
Down.png
Wolsey 75.png
Thomas Wolsey

(1472-1530)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M English
207.
Down.png
Pitt (the Younger) 75.png
William Pitt (the Younger)

(1759-1806)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=190

M English
208.
Steady.png
Bailly 75.png
Jean Bailly

(1736-1793)

IQ real 180.png

IQ C.png=180

M French
209.
Steady.png
Clifford 75.png
William Clifford

(1845-1879)

IQ real 175.png M English
210.
Down.png
Shannon 75.png
Claude Shannon

(1916-2001)

IQ real 175.png

IQ O.png=180[28]

M American
211.
Up.png
Lincoln 75.png
Abraham Lincoln

(1809-1865)

IQ real 175.png

IQ B.png=170

IQ CB.png=160

IQ C.png=150

IQ S.png=150

IQ W.png=147

M American
212.
Steady.png
Eudoxus 75.png
Eudoxus
(c.390-337BC)
IQ real 175.png
(GME:#) (GAE:#) [Allen 100:52] (CR:8) Mathematician, astrophysicist, and philosopher;
“Solon, Thales, Plato, Eudoxus, and Pythagoras, were the wisest of the Greeks.”
— Plutarch (100AD), On Isis and Osiris

Studied under Plato; some say he was teacher to Aristotle; supposedly discovered the leap year and invented an early form of calculus; adjacent is his hippopede model of retrograde planetary motion; some rank him second to rank him second only to Archimedes in antiquity genius stature; slated: #295 (Jan 2018); upgraded to IQ:175|#212 (Oct 2020).

M Greek
213.
Down.png
Buckle 75.png
Henry Buckle

(1821-1862)

IQ real 175.png M English
214.
Up.png
Bayle 75.png
Pierre Bayle

(1647-1706)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=165
M French
215.
Wavy.png
Hilbert 75.png
David Hilbert

(1862-1943)

IQ real 175.png M German
216.
Steady.png
Hippocrates 75.png
Hippocrates

(c.460-370BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
217.
Steady.png
Watt 75.png
James Watt

(1736-1819)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=165
M Scottish
218.
Steady.png
Emerson 75.png
Ralph Emerson

(1803-1882)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=155
M American
219.
Up.png
Crick 75.png
Francis Crick

(1916-2004)

IQ real 175.png

IQ B.png=173

M English
220.
Steady.png
Ptolemy 75.png
Ptolemy

(c.100-170)

IQ real 175.png
Eccentric hypothesis 282.gif
(Cattell 1000:80) [RGM:102|1,350+] (Murray 4000:12|CS / 6A) (Eells 100:23) (GAE:3) [CR:52] Mathematician and astronomer;

“Although either the eccentric or epicycle hypothesis could produce the sun’s anomalous motion, it would be more reasonable to fit its motion to the eccentric hypothesis, since it is more simple and is accomplished by one movement, and not by two movements.”

— Ptolemy (c.150), Almagest (§3.4) (Ѻ)

Noted for his 130AD Syntaxis Mathematica, he supposedly the first to introduce the zero number; his 150AD Almagest, situated a "geocentric model", based on the "eccentric hypothesis" (Apollonius, c.200BC), which was not superseded until Copernicus established the "heliocentric model" (1543); first-draft slating: 170-175± (c.2016).

M Greco-Egyptian
221.
Down.png
Lazare Carnot 75.png
Lazare Carnot

(1753-1823)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=170
M French
222.
Steady.png
Gay-Lussac 75.png
Joseph Gay-Lussac

(1778-1850)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175
M French
223.
Up.png
Boethius 75.png
Boethius

(1475-1431 BE)

(c.480-524 ACM)

IQ real 175.png (Time 100:23) (Eells 100:96) (CR:11) Philosopher, mathematician, and senator;

“There is an intelligence to the universe, that which was once called fate, and that now we understand it to be a universal force.”

— Boethius (523), The Consolation of Philosophy

Penned his ‘force philosophy’, while in prison (awaiting execution per charges of treason), based on Epicurus, stoics, Anaxagoras, Socrates, and Zeno; gave discourse on the "laws of love" and the problem of evil; first-slating: 175|#211 (Mar 2018).

M Roman
224.
Steady.png
Fermat 75.png
Pierre Fermat

(1601-1665)

IQ real 175.png M French
225.
Steady.png
Montesquieu 75.png
Charles Montesquieu

(1689-1755)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=165
M French
226.
Steady.png
No image 75.png
Ecphantus

(2485-2415 BE)

(c.530-460 BCM)

IQ real 175.png
Ecphantus earth.png
Physicist, astronomer, and philosopher; noted for his earth-as-wheel rotation theory (compare: Heraclides), according to which the earth rotates like a wagon wheel, and that this explains the apparent motion of the stars; posited some type of early atomic theory, wherein he employed a motive force in addition to atoms and void, and declared that monads of Pythagoras were corporeal; first-slating: 175|#225 (Jan 2019).
M Greek
227.
Steady.png
Pauli 75.png
Wolfgang Pauli

(1900-1958)

IQ real 175.png M Austrian
228.
Steady.png
Jevons 75.png
Stanley Jevons

(1935-1882)

IQ real 175.png M English
229.
Steady.png
Xenophanes 75.png
Xenophanes

(560-480BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
230.
Steady.png
Poe 75.png
Edgar Poe

(1809-1849)

IQ real 175.png

IQ O.png=145[29]

M American
231.
Steady.png
Wagner 75.png
Richard Wagner

(1813-1883)

IQ real 175.png

IQ O.png=175[26]

IQ C.png=170

M German
232.
Steady.png
Buffon 75.png
Buffon

(1707-1788)

IQ real 175.png
IQ AE.png=195

IQ C.png=170

Buffon limb bones.jpg
(Cattell 1000:192) [RGM:290|1,350+] (CR:38) Mathematician and natural philosopher;

“I can name five great men: Newton, Bacon, Leibniz, Montesquieu, and myself.”

— Buffon (c.1760), response to query on how many great men he could name

Noted for his 1745 comet impacting the sun nebular hypothesis planet formation model; his c.1774 experimental use of Newton’s law of cooling on iron balls to attempt calculation of the age of earth (estimate: 75,000-years) (compare: Biblical 6,000-years); his 1778 The Epochs of Nature, discussed the origin of the solar system; declared that Noah’s flood had never occurred; argued for a form if “implied evolution” via the assertion that animals retained parts, e.g. limb bones, that were vestigial and no longer useful, e.g. whales vs bats; was main French precursor to Lamarck; penned a 36-volume Natural History, published in the years 1749 to 1788, which included things such as “maternal imagination theory” (as employed by Goethe).

M French
233.
Down.png
Liebig 75.png
Justus Liebig

(1803-1873)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=180
M German
234.
Wavy.png
Erasmus Darwin 75.png
Erasmus Darwin

(1731-1802)

IQ real 175.png M English
235.
Up.png
Paracelsus 75.png
Paracelsus

(1493-1541)

IQ real 175.png M Swiss
236.
Wavy.png
Al-Marri 75.png
Al-Marri

(973-1057)

IQ real 175.png

IQ CP.png=178

Al-Marri bust.png
(Murray 4000:3|AL) (FA:32) (GMAG:#) (CR:10) Blind philosopher, poet, skeptic, and irreligionist; aka the "Arab Lucretius" (Issa, 2016); oft-compared to Lucian, Milton, and Dante; first-slated: 175|#206 per four person IQ CP of 178|#164 (Jun 2017).
M Syrian
237.
Steady.png
Eratosthenes 75.png
Eratosthenes

(276-194BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
238.
Wavy.png
Helvetius 75.png
Helvetius

(1775-1771)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=160
M French
239.
Steady.png
Boole 75.png
George Boole

(1815-1864)

IQ real 175.png
Boolean algebra.png
[RGM:801|1,350+] [GME:77] (CR:8) Mathematician, educator, philosopher and logician; born to a poor cobbler who self-taught himself mathematics, by studying Newton; noted for his 1847 Mathematical Analysis of Logic, which introduced an “AND, OR, NOT” type of math called “Boolean algebra”, which is the basis of computer logic, later employed by Jevons and Shannon; his 1854 book The Laws of Thought, one of the first books in human mathematics, showed how to reduce human reasoning (logic) to a symbolic form resembling ordinary numerical algebra; was a college professor in mathematics by age thirty-four (despite holding no university degree); published a treatise on differential equations (1859); first-slating: 175|#212 (c.2017).
M English
240.
Up.png
Nernst 75.png
Walther Nernst

(1864-1941)

IQ real 175.png M German
241.
Down.png
Browne 75.png
Thomas Browne

(1605-1682)

IQ real 175.png (PR: 2,000+) (CR:6) Physician, philosopher, encyclopedist;
“Nature does nothing in vain, is the only indisputable axiom in philosophy. There are no grotesques in nature; not any thing framed to fill up empty cantons, and unnecessary spaces.”
— Thomas Browne (1642), Religio Medici (Part I, Section 15) (Ѻ)

Noted for his 1646 his Pseudodoxia Epidemica (Ѻ), a Bacon-like encyclopedia of sorts, building on the earlier term usage of William Gilbert, coined the term “electricity”; first slating: 175|#222 (Jan 2018).

M English
242.
Wavy.png
Torricelli 75.png
Evangelista Torricelli

(1608-1647)

IQ real 175.png M Italian
243.
Up.png
Cullen 75.png
William Cullen
(245-165 BE)
(1710-1790 ACM)
IQ real 175.png (GCE:18) (CR:75) Physician and chemist; noted as the inventor of the chemical reaction diagram (1757), aka chemical equation (see: history of chemical equations):
Cullen reaction diagrams.png

wherein he introduced the bonding bracket symbol ‘{’, to signify a "chemical bond" (AB, A-B, A=B, A≡B, or A≈B, in modern notation), and the "affinity dart" or reaction arrow ‘→’ to signify the force of attraction or chemical affinity, done in his chemistry lectures to illustrated to student the nature of the affinity table, as devised by Geoffroy (1718), as based on Newton's Query 31; student of the works of Herman Boerhaave and Georg Stahl; mentor to Joseph Black; first-slating: 175|#241 (Nov 2019).

M Scottish
244.
Steady.png
Gravesande 75.png
Willem Gravesande

(1688-1742)

IQ real 175.png M Dutch
245.
Steady.png
Eliot 75.png
George Eliot

(1819-1880)

IQ real 175.png

IQ B.png=185

IQ O.png=160[3]

F English
246.
Steady.png
Wallace 75.png
Alfred Wallace

(1823-1913)

IQ real 175.png M English
247.
Steady.png
Witherspoon 75.png
John Witherspoon

(1723-1794)

IQ real 175.png M Scottish-born American
248.
Wavy.png
Wittgenstein 75.png
Ludwig Wittgenstein

(1889-1951)

IQ real 175.png

IQ O.png=190[3]

IQ EM.png=170

M Austrian-born English
249.
Down.png
Herder 75.png
Johann Herder

(1744-1803)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=165
M German
250.
Up.png
Volta 75.png
Alessandro Volta

(1745-1827)

IQ real 175.png
Volta battery.jpg
(Cattell 1000:684) [RGM:76|1,350+] (SIG:13) (CR:25) Physicist;

“What is possible to do well, in physics in particular, are those things that can be reduced to degrees and measures.”

— Alessandro Volta (c.1800), Publication (Ѻ)

Noted for his famous 1776 “animal electricity” debate with Luigi Galvani on the topic of the mechanism of the twitching of dead frog legs in an electric circuit; the result of which was the 1800 invention of the battery or “Voltaic pile” (pictured).

M Italian
251.
Wavy.png
Amontons 75.png
Guillaume Amontons

(1663-1705)

IQ real 175.png M French
252.
Wavy.png
James Thomson 75.png
James Thomson

(1822-1892)

IQ real 175.png M Irish-born English
253.
Wavy.png
Mach 75.png
Ernst Mach

(1838-1916)

IQ real 175.png M Austrian
254.
Steady.png
Herodotus 75.png
Herodotus

(484-425BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
255.
Down.png
Campanella 75.png
Tommaso Campanella

(1568-1639)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=185
M Italian
256.
Down.png
Champollion 75.png
Jean Champollion

(1707-1832)

IQ real 175.png M French
257.
Steady.png
Geber 75.png
Geber

(c.721-c.815)

IQ real 175.png M Arabian
258.
Steady.png
Mendeleyev 75.png
Dmitri Mendeleyev

(1834-1907)

IQ real 175.png M Russian
259.
Steady.png
Halley 75.png
Edmond Halley

(1656-1742)

IQ real 175.png M English
260.
Steady.png
Averroes 75.png
Averroes

(1126-1198)

IQ real 175.png

IQ B.png=175

M Andalusian
261.
Wavy.png
No image 75.png
Theodorus(c.340-250BC) IQ real 175.png M Greek
262.
Up.png
No image 75.png
George Gore

(1826-1908)

IQ real 175.png M English
263.
Wavy.png
Quetelet 75.png
Adolphe Quetelet

(1796-1874)

IQ real 175.png M Belgian
264.
Down.png
John Adams 75.png
John Adams (1735-1826) IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=155

IQ S.png=155

M American
265.
Steady.png
Imhotep.png
Imhotep
(2635-2595BC)
IQ real 175.png

IQ O.png=170-200
IQ SS.png=150, 170, 190

Step Pyramid at Saqqara.jpg
[RGM:334|1,350+] (GBG:1) Polymath, first architect, engineer, and physician in early history, who served under third dynasty king Djoser (Zoser) as chancellor to the pharaoh and high priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis, architect of the world’s first pyramid, the Step Pyramid at Saqqara; a possible main theorist behind the current world dominating Anunian theologies.
M Egyptian
266.
Down.png
More 75.png
Thomas More

(1478-1535)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=155
M English
267.
Wavy.png
Shockley 75.png
William Shockley

(1910-1989)

IQ real 175.png

IQ O.png=125-129

M American
268.
Wavy.png
Wilhelm Humboldt 75.png
Wilhelm Humboldt

(1767-1835)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175
M Prussian
269.
Wavy.png
Hipparchus 75.png
Hipparchus

(190-120BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
270.
Wavy.png
Higgins 75.png
Godfrey Higgins

(1772-1833)

IQ real 175.png M English
271.
Wavy.png
Kirchhoff 75.png
Gustav Kirchhoff

(1824-1887)

IQ real 175.png M German
272.
Down.png
Sorokin 75.png
Pitirim Sorokin

(1889-1968)

IQ real 175.png M Russian-born American
273.
Steady.png
Vanini.png
Lucilio Vanini

(1585-1619)

IQ real 175.png M Italian
274.
Steady.png
Danti 75.png
Dante Alighieri

(1265-1321)

IQ real 175.png

IQ B.png=175

M Italian
275.
Wavy.png
Ramanujan 75.png
Srinivasa Ramanujan

(1887-1920)

IQ real 175.png

IQ CP.png=199

M Indian
276.
Wavy.png
No image 75.png
Aristarchus

(c.310-230BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
277.
Wavy.png
Orsted 75.png
Hans Orsted

(1777-1851)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=180
M Danish
278.
Down.png
Malebranche 75.png
Nicolas Malebranche

(1638-1715)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=180
M French
279.
Wavy.png
Alhazen 75.png
Alhazen

(c.965-1040)

IQ real 175.png M Arabian
280.
Wavy.png
Homer 75.png
Homer

(c.750-650BC)

IQ real 175.png

IQ B.png=175

M Greek
281.
Steady.png
Coleridge 75.png
Samuel Coleridge

(1772-1834)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175
M English
282.
Steady.png
Bunsen 75.png
Robert Bunsen(1811-1899) IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175
M German
283.
Up.png
Legendre 75.png
Adrien Legendre

(1752-1833)

IQ real 175.png M French
284.
Steady.png
Taylor 75.png
Robert Taylor

(1784-1844)

IQ real 175.png M English
285.
Wavy.png
Sanger 75.png
Frederick Sanger

(1918-2013)

IQ real 175.png M English
286.
Up.png
Frederick II 75.png
Frederick II

(1194-1250)

IQ real 175.png M Italian-born German
287.
Down.png
Thomas Macaulay

(1800-1859)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175

IQ W.png=180

M English
288.
Up.png
Lucian 75.png
Lucian

(c.120-190AD)

IQ real 175.png M Roman
289.
Up.png
Stevin 75.png
Simon Stevin

(1548-1620)

IQ real 175.png M Dutch
290.
Wavy.png
Fuller 75.png
Margaret Fuller

(1810-1850)

IQ real 175.png F American
291.
Wavy.png
Haller 75.png
Albrecht Haller (1708-1777) IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=190
M Swiss
292.
Down.png
Lope de Vega

(1562-1635)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=190
M Spanish
293.
Up.png
Petrarch 75.png
Petrarch

(1304-1374)

IQ real 175.png M Italian
294.
Steady.png
Bolingbroke 75.png
Lord Bolingbroke

(1678-1751)

IQ real 175.png M English
295.
Wavy.png
Avogadro 75.png
Amedeo Avogadro

(1776-1856)

IQ real 175.png M Italian
296.
Down.png
Louis Agassiz

(1807-1873)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175
M Swiss-born American
297.
Wavy.png
Onnes 75.png
Heike Kamerlingh-Onnes

(1853-1926)

IQ real 175.png M Dutch
298.
Wavy.png
Marie Bichat

(1771-1802)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175
M French
299.
Up.png
Galvani 75.png
Luigi Galvani

(1737-1798)

IQ real 175.png M Italian
300.
Up.png
Cardano 75.png
Gerolamo Cardano

(1501-1576)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175
M Italian
301.
Wavy.png
Polybius 75.png
Polybius

(c.200-118BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
302.
Wavy.png
Millikan 75.png
Robert Millikan

(1868-1953)

IQ real 175.png M American
303.
Up.png
Varro 75.png
Marcus Varro

(116-27BC)

IQ real 175.png M Roman
304.
Wavy.png
Mary Shelley 75.png
Mary Shelley

(1797-1851)

IQ real 175.png F English
305.
Steady.png
Pasteur 75.png
Louis Pasteur

(1822-1895)

IQ real 175.png
IQ JP.png=180+

IQ O.png=155-185[30]

M French
306.
Wavy.png
Leeuwenhoek 75.png
Antonie Leeuwenhoek

(1632-1723)

IQ real 175.png M Dutch
307.
Wavy.png
Pherecydes 75.png
Pherecydes

(c.580-520BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
308.
Steady.png
Whewell 75.png
William Whewell

(1794-1866)

IQ real 175.png M English
309.
Up.png
Lubicz 75.png
Rene Lubicz

(1887-1961)

IQ real 175.png M German-born French
310.
Down.png
Dali 75.png
Salvador Dali

(1904-1989)

IQ real 175.png
IQ B.png=175
M Spanish
311.
Wavy.png
Picasso 75.png
Pablo Picasso

(1881-1973)

IQ real 175.png
IQ B.png=175

IQ SS.png=175

M Spanish-born French
312.
Wavy.png
Sidis 75.png
William Sidis

(1898-1944)

IQ real 175.png
IQ O.png=200, 250-300[6]
M American
313.
Wavy.png
Stephenson 75.png
George Stephenson(1781-1848) IQ real 175.png
IQ B.png=173
M English
314.
Wavy.png
Aeschylus 75.png
Aeschylus

(c.523-456BC)

IQ real 175.png
IQ B.png=173
M Greek
315.
Up.png
Honore Balzac 75.png
Honore Balzac

(1799-1850)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=155
M French
316.
Steady.png
Jacob Bernoulli 75.png
Jacob Bernoulli

(1654-1705)

IQ real 175.png M Swiss
317.
Down.png
Sommerfeld 75.png
Arnold Sommerfeld

(1868-1951)

IQ real 175.png M German
318.
Down.png
Alfred Musset 75.png
Alfred Musset

(1810-1857)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=180
M French
319.
Wavy.png
Theophrastus 75.png
Theophrastus

(c.371-287BC)

IQ real 175.png M Greek
320.
Down.png
Peel 75.png
Robert Peel

(1788-1850)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=180
M English
321.
Wavy.png
Arnauld 75.png
Antoine Arnauld

(1612-1694)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=190
M French
322.
Wavy.png
Sophocles 75.png
Sophocles

(498-406)

IQ real 175.png
IQ B.png=173
M Greek
323.
Down.png
Carnegie 75.png
Andrew Carnegie

(1835-1918)

IQ real 175.png
IQ B.png=175
M Scottish-born American
324.
Down.png
Duchamp 75.png
Marcel Duchamp

(1887-1968)

IQ real 175.png
IQ B.png=180
M French-born American
325.
Down.png
Jacques Thou

(1553-1617)

IQ real 175.png
IQ C.png=175
M French
326.
Wavy.png
Marvin Minsky 75.png
Marvin Minsky
(1927-2016)
IQ real 175.png

IQ MC.png=200+

Mathematician, computer scientist, and artificial intelligence researcher;
“The idea of ‘dualism’, that there's a ‘physical’ world and a ‘mental’ world is just ignorance.”
— Marvin Minsky (1999), “What is the Mind-Body Problem” (Ѻ), Closer to the Truth

aka “father of AI”, co-founder of the MIT AI laboratory; an IQ:200+ missing candidate (Ѻ); Isaac Asimov (1980) conceded that Minsky and Carl Sagan both were smarter than he was; his 1999 “Closer to the Truth” (Ѻ) response to queries on mind, dualism, and “mind-body problem” were sharp, to say the least; slated at IQ:175 (Oct 2020).

M American
327.
Up.png
Meslier 75.png
Jean Meslier

(1664-1729)

IQ real 170.png M French
328.
Up.png
Zeno of Citium 75.png
Zeno of Citium

(c.334-c.262BC)

IQ real 170.png M Greek
329.
Wavy.png
Coulomb 75.png
Charles Coulomb

(1736-1806)

IQ real 170.png M French
330.
Up.png
Lichtenberg 75.png
Georg Lichtenberg

(1742-1799)

IQ real 170.png M German
331.
Wavy.png
Poisson 75.png
Simeon Poisson

(1781-1840)

IQ real 170.png M French
332.
Up.png
Akhenaten (c.1380-1335BC).png
Akhenaten
(c.1380-1335BC)
IQ real 170.png

IQ O.png=215

Aten.png
(GBG:1) (Time 100:2) (FA:1) (CR:39) Egyptian pharaoh and religion reformer;
Ikhnaton, who sought to reform religious conceptions in the light of reason is the ‘first individual’ in history.”
— J.H. Breasted (c.1910), Publication; cited by Roderick Seidenberg (1950) in Post-Historic Man (pg. 86)

Generally credited as the person who moved the world, or at least Egypt, from a henotheism-based state religion, i.e. one supreme god (see: supreme god timeline) + lesser gods, to monotheism-based state religion, one god (Aten), where god became, a few anthropomorphisms aside (e.g. Aten's finger), the the heat or energy of the sun; oft-cited as the person behind the character “Moses” (Freud, 1939); IQ fictionally stated to be 215 (Ѻ); first-draft guestimated at 170|#250 per “greatest black geniuses” page start (Jun 2017).

M Egyptian
333.
Wavy.png
Lamarck 75.png
Jean Lamarck

(1744-1829)

IQ real 170.png M French
334.
Wavy.png
Regiomontanus 75.png
Regiomontanus

(1436-1467)

IQ real 170.png M German
335.
Wavy.png
Hubble 75.png
Edwin Hubble

(1889-1953)

IQ real 170.png M American
336.
Wavy.png
Savery 75.png
Thomas Savery

(c.1650-1715)

IQ real 170.png M English
337.
Wavy.png
Weber 75.png
Max Weber

(1864-1920)

IQ real 170.png M German
338.
Up.png
Smith 75.png
Adam Smith

(1723-1790)

IQ real 170.png
IQ C.png=170
M Scottish
339.
Wavy.png
No image 75.png
Seleucus

(c.190-120BC)

IQ real 170.png M Greek
340.
Up.png
No image 75.png
Apollonius

(2195-2145 BE)

(c.240-190 BCM)

IQ real 170.png
Apollonius conic sections.jpg
(GME:24) (Eells 100:20) (Allen 100:34) (CR:5) Mathematician and astronomer; in astronomy, proposed the hypothesis of “eccentric orbits”, later adopted by Ptolemy, to explain the apparently aberrant motion of the planets; in mathematics, his definitions of the terms ellipse, parabola, and hyperbola are the ones in use today; Hypatia penned The Conics of Apollonius; first-slating: 170|#340 per GME and eccentric theory (Oct 2020).
M Greek
341.
Up.png
Bach 75.png
Johann Bach

(1685-1750)

IQ real 170.png

IQ O.png=180[26]

IQ CB.png=165

IQ C.png=165

IQ B.png=165

[RGM:22|1,350+] (GMG:4) Musician and composer; M German
342.
Wavy.png
Huxley 75.png
Thomas Huxley(1825-1895) IQ real 170.png M English
343.
Up.png
Volney 756.png
Constantin Volney

(1757-1820)

IQ real 170.png M French
344.
Steady.png
Pearson 75.png
Karl Pearson

(1857-1936)

IQ real 170.png M English
345.
Wavy.png
Hitchens 75.png
Christopher Hitchens

(1949-2011)

IQ real 170.png

IQ O.png=137, 130-145[31], 160

M English-born American
356.
Steady.png
Sagan 75.png
Carl Sagan
(1934-1996)
IQ real 170.png

IQ O.png=173[7]

Star stuff (Sagan).jpg
[RGM:125|1,350+] (FA:125) (CR:28) Astronomer;
“I am a collection of water, calcium, and organic molecules called Carl Sagan. You are a collection of almost identical molecules with a different collective label.”
— Carl Sagan (1980), Cosmos, Episode 5; compare Wilhelm Ostwald (1926)

noted for his PBS series Cosmos, co-written with his wife Ann Duryan, wherein he defines a human as “star-stuff”; used the term "cosmic perspective" for the advanced perspective; Isaac Asimov (1980) conceded that that Sagan and Marvin Minsky (an IQ:200+ missing candidate (Ѻ)) were smarter than he; IQ estimates at 130-175 (Ѻ); a frequent (Ѻ)(Ѻ) unanswered Quora query.

M American
375.
Steady.png
Aryabhata 75.jpg

Aryabhata
(476-550)
IQ real 170.png [RGM:273|1,350+] (Odueny 100:61) (GMG:18) (GME:#) (GAE:#) (CR:5) Mathematician, astronomer, and physicist;
“Just as a person travelling on a boat sees that the trees on the bank are moving, people on the earth feel the sun is moving.
— Aryabhata (c.520), Publication (Ѻ); cited by Kishore Dash (2019) in The Story of Econophysics (pg. 2)

employed 62,832/20,000 (= 3.1416) for π; speculated, supposedly, that π (pi) is irrational, as later conjectured by Leonhard Euler, and proved by Johann Lambert (Ѻ); stated that the earth rotates on its axis; classified as a physicist for his explicit mention of the relativity of motion; is said to have been the first to employ a zero symbol concept, and that his later countryman Brahmagupta was to use a zero symbol and the first to show that subtracting a number from itself results in zero (Ѻ); a “24 smartest person ever” genius (Ratner, 2016) (Ѻ); first-slating: 170|#375 (Apr 2020).

M Indian
396.
Wavy.png
Diogenes 75.png
Diogenes
(c.408-323BC)
IQ real 170.png
Diogenes with lantern.jpg
[RGM:749|1,350+] (Perry 80:2|Li) (ACR:26) (CR:14), aka "Diogenes of Sinope", Cynic philosopher; teacher of Crates, who was teacher to Zeno of Citium (IQ:170|#286); first-slating: 170|#350 (Mar 2018).
“I am looking for an honest man (or real human).”
— Diogenes (c.340BC), response when queried as to why he was walking around in daylight with a lantern

His lantern quote cited (Ѻ) by character Jedburgh in the 2010 Mel Gibson film Edge of Darkness, in respect to there being so much corruption rampant, cops to business men to governors.

M Greek

Geniuses | 401-600

# Person IQ Overview Sex Country
433.
Wavy.png
Prigogine 75.png
Ilya Prigogine

(38 BE-48 AE)
(1917-2003 ACM)

IQ real 170.png [CR:411|#13] M Russian-born Belgian
4##.
Wavy.png
No image 75.png
Foe Kio
(c.100BC-10BC)
IQ real 165.png Existence philosopher;
“There is nothing to seek, nor anything to put one’s hopes on, except the nothingness and the vacuum that is the principle of all things. Our parents came forth from this vacuum and they returned there after death.”
— Foe Kiao (c.25BC), Publication

Discussed by Pierre Bayle (Ѻ) in his Historical Dictionary, Volume 5 (Ѻ)(Ѻ); categorized, in Chinese philosophy, with Mencius and Confucius. (Ѻ); conjectured to be related to the Ahab philosophy of Herman Melville (Herman, 2014); added at 165|#4## (Oct 2020).

M Chinese
514.
Steady.png
Disraeli 75.png
Benjamin Disraeli
(151-74 BE)
(1804-1881 ACM)
IQ real 165.png

IQ C.png=165

(Cattell 1000:143) (RGM:805|1,350+) Statesman, prime minister, novelist, and philosopher;
“We often hear, from the early companions of a man of genius, that at school he appeared heavy and unpromising. Rousseau imagined that the childhood of some men is accompanied by this seeming and deceitful dullness, which is the sign of a profound genius; and Roger Ascham has placed among the ‘best natures for learning, the sad-natured and hard-witted child’; that is, the thoughtful, or the melancholic, and the slow.”
— Isaac Disraeli (1867), Literary Character of Men of Genius: the History of Men of Genius Drawn from Their Own Feelings and Confessions (pg. 43)

Views: “nature has given us two ears, but only one mouth”; “there are three kinds of lies: lies, damned lies, and statistics”; “action may not always bring happiness; but there is no happiness without action.”

M English
521.
Wavy.png
Spencer 75.png
Herbert Spencer
(1820-1903)
IQ real 165.png (Gottlieb 1000:808) (Becker 139:118) (Scott 50:39) [CR:91] Natural philosopher; noted his 1858 to 1862 effort to produce a unified theory of everything, the gist of which is found in his First Principles (1862), wherein he sought to reconcile the subjects of religion, psychology, and sociology, with physics, chemistry, and biology, all themed on premise of evolution, equilibrium, and force transformations; known his Spencerian dilemma; first-slating: 165|#420 (c.2018). M English
5##.
Steady.png
Kovalevskaya 75.png
Sofia Kovalevskaya
(1850-1891)
IQ real 160.png

IQ R.png=170
IQ D.png=156

F Russian
510.
Steady.png
Erwin Muller 75.png
Erwin Muller
(44 BE-22 AE)
(1911-1977 ACM)
IQ real 160.png
Muller seeing atoms 2.png
(GPE:100) (CR:6) Physicist; noted for being, on 11 Oct 1955 (11 Oct 0 AE), the first person to "see" an atom with his own eyes, specifically he saw a tungsten W (Z=74) atoms using his newly invented "field ion microscope"; the BE/AE dating system, employed in Hmolpedia, is based on his achievement; first-slating: 160|#510 (Oct 2020).
M German-born American
520.
Up.png
Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) .png
Frederick Douglass
(1818-1895)
IQ real 160.png [RGM:281|1,350+] (GBG:3) Social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman;
“Douglass was beyond all comparison the ablest man whom the black race ever produced in our country, either among pure black or the class of mixed blood.”
— James Pond (1900), Eccentricities of Genius (pg. 29)

A top 150 genius (Singh, 2016) (Ѻ); Quora gauged (2015) (Ѻ), speculatively, with George Carver, at the possible intellectual level of Newton, given social impediments.

M American

Geniuses | 601-800

# Person IQ Overview Sex Country
626.
Up.png
Carl Clausewitz 75.png
Carl Clausewitz
(1780-1831)
IQ real 155.png [RGM:287|1,350+] (GMG:9) (CR:9) General noted for his moral, i.e. “moral force”, and romantic theory of warfare, who in his 1832 posthumously-published treatise On War, used the principle of friction to distinguish real war from the mechanical, Newtonian world; a Philoepisteme “top 10 missing” (Ѻ) top 1000 geniuses candidate (2018); first-slating: 155|#605 (Oct 2019). M Prussian
628.
Wavy.png
Alexander Hamilton 75.jpg
Alexander Hamilton
(1756-1804)
IQ real 155.png

IQ C.png=155

Hamilton at declaration 1000px.jpg

(Cattell 1000:216) [RGM:170|1,350+] Statesman, politician, legal scholar, military commander, lawyer, banker, economist; and American founding father (#8); as the first secretary of the treasury, he was main person behind the founding economic and financial structure of the United States; secular (Ѻ) in religious belief; is pictured adjacent with Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, and George Washington, at the signing of the US Constitution (1787).

M American
6##.
Wavy.png
Kemal Ataturk 75.png
Kemal Ataturk
(1881-1938)
IQ real 150.png

IQ O.png=160+[32]

[RGM:473|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:187) Political leader, field marshal, statesman, author; largely responsible for modernizing Turkey into a secular, industrial nation; added at IQ:150|#650-range (Oct 2020). M Turkish
6##.
Wavy.png
Herman Melville 75.png
Herman Melville (1819-1891) [RGM:341|1,350+] (Gottlieb 1000:716) (Bloom 100:37) (GLAE:#) (CR:7) Novelist, short story writer, and poet; author of Moby Dick (1851) with its philosophically absorbing character “Captain Ahab”; added at IQ:145 (14 Oct 2020). M American
730.
Wavy.png
William Du Bois (1868-1963) .png
William Du Bois
(1868-1963)
IQ real 140+.png (GBG:4) Sociologist, historian, novelist, playwright, and cultural critic;
“The theology of the average colored church is basing itself far too much upon 'Hell and Damnation'—upon an attempt to scare people into being decent and threatening them with the terrors of death and punishment. We are still trained to believe a good deal that is simply childish in theology. The outward and visible punishment of every wrong deed that men do, the repeated declaration that anything can be gotten by anyone at any time by prayer.”
— William du Bois (c.1950), “On Christianity” (Ѻ)

mentored (Ѻ) at Harvard by William James; noted for his “brilliant and seminal” (Jacoby, 2004) The Souls of Black Folks, wherein he prophesies that the problem (Ѻ) of the 20th century is the problem of the color-line, in which he argues against Booker Washington’s model of education and progress for black men being solely focused on industrial education, instead advocating the addition of a classical education to establish leaders and educators in the black community; name-dropped in the film Akeelah and the Bee (2006); a DeBoisopedia (2013) (Ѻ) was attempted on him; added at 140+|#730 (16 Oct 2020)

M American
731.
Wavy.png
Hubert Harrison (1883-1927) .png
Hubert Harrison
(1883-1927)
IQ real 140+.png (GBG:5) (FA:128) Writer, philosopher, and educator, characterized an “intellectual giant” (Rogers, 1947), “black atheist” (Jackson, 1987), and “black Socrates” (Hecht, 2003)(Ѻ);
“I prefer to go to the grave with my eyes open.”
— Hubert Harrison (c.1920), Publication

a Thomas Paine proselyte; well-read in Galileo, Rene Descartes, Newton, David Hume, Benedict Spinoza, Denis Diderot, Jean d’Alembert, Voltaire, and Baron d’Holbach; added at 140+|#730 (16 Oct 2020).

M American
746.
Up.png
Martin King (1929-1968).png
Martin King
(1929-1968)
IQ real 140.png

IQ O.png=140+

[RGM:139|1,350+] (GBG:6) Civil rights leader;
“I have always been somewhat precocious, both physical and mentally. My IQ stands somewhat above the average. So, it seems that from a hereditary point of view, nature was very kind to me.”
— Martin King (1950), essay on the religious development of personality (penned at age 21)

Generally considered a genius (Ѻ)

M American
7##.
George Carver (c.1865-1943).png
George Carver
(c.1865-1943)
[RGM:770|1,350+] (GBG:#) added below MLK (Oct 2020). M American
7##.
Hatshepsut (1507-1458) .png
Hatshepsut
(1507-1458)
[RGM:916|1,350+] (GBG:#) added below MLK (Oct 2020). M Egyptian
7##.
Alexandre Dumas 75.png
Alexandre Dumas
(1802-1870)
(Gottlieb 1000:874) (WorldCat 100:44) Writer;
“The career of Frederick Douglass is more widely known than that of any other living colored man, except, perhaps, Alexandre Dumas.”
— William Brown (1863), The Black Man: His Antecedents, His Genius, and His Achievements [33]

(GBG:#) added below MLK (Oct 2020).

M French
757.
Down.png
Sebastian Vauban 75s.png
Sebastian Vauban
(1633-1707)
IQ real 140.png

IQ C.png=140

(Cattell 1000:411) Military engineer and marshal. M French

Geniuses | 801-1,000

# Person IQ Overview Sex Country
###.
Wavy.png
No image 75.png
Person
(dates)
M/F Nationality

Geniuses | 1,001-1,200

# Person IQ Overview Sex Country
###.
Wavy.png
No image 75.png
Person
(dates)
M/F Nationality

Very superior intelligences

# Person IQ Overview Sex Country
758.
Up.png
Gustave Le Bon 75.png

Gustave le Bon
(1841-1931)
IQ real 135+.png Social psychologist, sociologist, anthropologist, inventor, and amateur physicist;
“What really takes place, in crowds, is a combination followed by the creation of new characteristics, just as in chemistry certain elements, when brought into contact, e.g. bases and acids, combine to form a new body possessing properties quite different from those of the bodies that have served to form it.”
— Gustave le Bons (1895), The Crowd (pg. #)

Noted for his 1895 The Crowd, wherein he employs chemical and electromagnetic logic to describe "crowds" as a type of chemical transition state; rare HC pioneer; added at 130+|#758 (12 Oct 2020).

M French
759.
Wavy.png
Malcolm Little 75.png
Malcolm Little
(1925-1965)
IQ real 130+.png [RGM:1,114|1,350+] (GBG:#) Civil rights leader;
“Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today.”
— Malcolm X (1964), “Speech at the Founding Rally of the Organization of Afro-American Unity”, Jun 28 (Ѻ)

At age 20, with only an 8th grade education, while in prison, taught himself (Ѻ) to read, write and speak English, by copying page after page from a dictionary into his notebook, A through Z; his Autobiography of Malcolm X (1865) is said to “blow people away”, particularly in the context of his genius (Ѻ).

M American

Rankings | Existive

The following, in continuation with previous, are existive rankings; added herein for organizational purposes:[34]

# Person IQ Overview Sex Country
7##.
Wavy.png
Weinberg 75.png
Steven Weinberg
(1933-)
IQ real 180+.png Physicist; noted for his 1967 unification of electromagnetism and the weak nuclear forces; for his 1977 The First Three Minutes, wherein he argues directly, albeit incorrectly, that according to the second law the universe is "godless" (correct) albeit questionably "pointless" (incorrect); and for his 1992 Dreams of a Final Theory, wherein a number of noted atheism positions are stated; possibly world's leading quantum gravitationalist (Ѻ); top ten “smartest person existive” (2016).[35] M American
7##.
Up.png
Gladyshev 75.jpg
Georgi Gladyshev
(19- BE)
(1936- ACM)
IQ real 175+.png [CR:213] M Russian
7##.
Wavy.png
Hirata 75.jpg
Christopher Hirata
(1982-)
IQ real 175+.png

IQ R.png=225[6]

The Physics of Relationships (Hirata, 2000).jpg
Physicist and former prodigy;
“This kid [Hirata] was in my high school AP class, near Chicago. He carried two backpacks, one on the front and one on the back. He was in third grade at the time.”
— PipeLayersUnion (2014), reddit “today I learned thread” [36]

At age 13, became the youngest ever medalist at the International Physics Olympiad; age 14, entered CalTech; age 15, took 4th in the Putman Mathematics Competition; age 16, working with NASA on a project exploring the possibility of colonizing Mars; age 17, penned a “The Physics of Relationships”, using a mixture of human chemical thermodynamics and human physics logic; age 18, completed his BC in physics at CalTech; age 23, completed his PhD at Princeton with dissertation on “Weak Gravitational Lensing Theory and Data Analysis”; currently leading contender to explain “dark matter” and the “accelerating universe” problem; a top ten “smartest person existive” (2016).[35]

M American
7##.
Up.png
Beg 75.png
Mirza Beg
(1932-)
IQ real 175+.png
NDS.jpg
(SNE:2) (EPD:F11) (DN:1) (CIR:15) (CR:204) Organometallic chemist and physico-chemical sociologist;
Affinities and fugacities characterize the behavior of individuals in a society.”
— Mirza Beg (1987), New Dimensions in Sociology (pg. 95)

In his 1987 New Dimensions in Sociology: a Physico-Chemical Approach to Human Behavior, presented the first general outline of "physicochemical sociology" (see: two cultures namesakes), a physicochemical humanities conceptualized subject, likening society to a chemical solution and explains human behavior in terms of physicochemical laws; a “smartest person existive” (2016) ranked candidate.[35]

M Pakistani
7##.
Wavy.png
Higgs 75.png
Peter Higgs
(1929-)
Physicist; noted for his two 1964 papers describing what later became known as the "Higgs mechanism", in which a scalar field (that is, a field present at all points in space) gives particles mass; in this mechanism, the "Higgs boson", a subatomic particle (predicted by four other scientists) that is the carrier particle of a field that endows all elementary particles with mass through its interactions with them, was discovered in 2012. M English
7##.
Wavy.png
Gates 75.png
Bill Gates
(1955-)
[RGM:541|1,350+] M American
7##.
Wavy.png
Musk 75.png
Elon Musk
(1971-)
IQ real 160+.png

IQ O.png=160[23], 155-190[37], 148-200[38], 250[39]

Musk companies.jpg
[RGM:486|1,350+] Innovator and business manager;
“I think Elon Musk is a genius and I don't use that word lightly. I think he's also one of the boldest men that ever came down the pike. Put me down as saying I've always been afraid of the guy whose IQ is 190 and he thinks it's 250. I like to think there’s a little of that risk with Elon. He is a certified genius.”
— Charlie Munger (2014), "Q&A Interview" [39]

A “smartest person existive” (2016) contender.[35]

M South African-born American
7##.
Up.png
Ayaan Ali (1969-) .png
Ayaan Ali
(1969-)
[RGM:436|1,350+] F Somali-born Dutch-American
7##.
Wavy.png
Dawkins 75.png
Richard Dawkins
(1941-)
[RGM:339|1,350+] M English
7##.
Wavy.png
Thomas Sowell 75.png
Thomas Sowell
(1930-)
IQ real 130+.png [RGM:899|1,350+] (GBG:13) Economist and social theorist; pretty intelligent, as per this MLB video ([https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ap8FfZTgECY Ѻ]). M American
761.
Steady.png
No image 75.png
George Tyler
(c.1936-)
IQ real 130+.png
Tyler table (1-4).jpg
Control systems engineer; in his “A Thermodynamics Model of Manpower Systems” (1989), starting with the partition function for a thermodynamic system, and via three pages of interesting but funny derivation, produced a table of "free energy" calculations for humans, in groups (or "manpower systems") of 0 to 5,000; drafted at 130+|#761 (Oct, 2020).
M American or English
7##.
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Luis Arroyo
(1990-)
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IQ O.png=200[40]

Physicist, economic thermodynamicist, lawyer, and political advisor; noted for his age 20 penned 2010 “A Thermal Model of the Economy”, his MS thesis in physics, wherein, platforming on Roegen (1971), Mimkes (2008), and Samuelson (1970), he discerns the idea that "value" is a function of low entropy, formulated as follows:
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and, on this basis, outlines a social services model of value; a ranked “smartest person existive” (2016).[35]

M Puerto Rican

Existive IQs, as has been learned (Thims, 2015), cannot be added to non-existive IQs (historical IQs), as the result yields existive-based biased nonsense.[1]

Notes

A summary of 139 or below IQs (from here).

Note one: from 1995 to 2010, the genius listings were confined to those cited at IQ 200 or above (amounting to about 40 geniuses, existive and historical). In Oct 2011, the “genius IQs” page (the forerunner to the top 1000 geniuses rankings) was started, wherein the inclusion requirement was an IQ citation of 140 or above (or equivalent justification).[1]

Note two: the previous wiki-based version of the list, prior to its migration to this wiki (above listings), as of Aug 2020, had about 850 geniuses (750+ ranked and 100+ candidates).[2]

Note three: on 16 Oct 2020, the bottom IQ cutoff of 140+, the definition of "genius", per Terman (1916) definition, of the top 1000 genius table, was extended down to the "notable" seeming "very superior intelligences" range of minds, in the IQ:120-139 range, as defined adjacent, so to incorporate newer "green" geniuses, and or potential genius candidates, generally without previous "genius" level classification (or genius IQ calculation), in the slating state (may possibly be ranked into the top 1000 genius position, given further time and digestion these amassing "missing candidates"), began to be attached to the lower end of the top 1000 geniuses table, either in the first-draft IQ:120 or above range group, or in the lower genius range (140+). This was done, so to facilitate the organization of the scattered mass of growing Hmolpedia-connected collection of seeming “sharp minds” (previously precluded from the list, per lack of previous categorizational “genius” citation). The general idea here being that when the list grows to say 3,000+ names (or more), then a more realistic “pressure” will exist, in respect to the ranking of the top 1,000 names.

Quotes

The following are related quotes:

IQ is thought to be a measure which expresses the relative brightness or intelligence of any given individual.”
Catherine Cox (1926), The Early Mental Traits of Three Hundred Geniuses (pg. 47)
“Lestrade (Ѻ) to be let loose on such a study is exactly as pathetic as for a subnormal waitress in the IQ of 90 range to try to measure the intellectual differences in college students.”
John Platt (1962), “The Coming Generation of Genius” (pg. 73)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Why does Libb Thims make genius lists? (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Top 1000 geniuses (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 IQ of Famous People [WB] (2007) – AceIntelligence.com.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Who had the highest IQ ever? (2003) – Able2Know.org.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Locklin, Scott. (2011). ”Eudoxus of Cnidos”, WordPress, Oct 13.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 IQ:200+ (references) – (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Famous People IQ Scores (2011) - IQCertificate.org.
  8. What was Aristotle’s IQ? (2018) – Quora.
  9. What was Euler’s IQ? (2019) – Quora.
  10. What was Gauss’s IQ? (2019) – Quora.
  11. What is your IQ estimate for Friedrich Nietzsche? (2018) – Quora.
  12. 12.0 12.1 Norlinger, Ulf. (1998). “Estimated IQs of Some of the Greatest Geniuses” (Ѻ), Blog, Apr 21.
  13. What would an IQ of 500 or 1000 look like? (2015) - Quora.
  14. Anon. (2016). “MBTI and IQ” (Ѻ) (an AI and Chris Langan fan), Dec 7.
  15. Feynman’s IQ (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020
  16. High verbal IQ and genius (Veidth, 2018) – Quora.
  17. What was Alan Turing’s IQ? (2016) – Quora.
  18. IQ Scores of Famous Celebrities (2007) - kids-iq-tests.com.
  19. (a) McPherson, Stephanie. (2006) (Mensa Test score: extremely well, pg. 26). Publisher.
    (b) What is Stephen Hawking’s IQ? (2014) – Yahoo Answers.
    (c) McEvoy, Joseph P. (2009). Introducing Stephen Hawking (IQ 200-250, pg. 87). Icon Books.
  20. Groening, Matt. (1999). Simpsons (episode: “They Saved Lisa’s Brain” (Ѻ)(Ѻ)(Ѻ)) (quote: “Big deal, my IQ is 280.”). Publisher.
  21. Tolstoy IQ (2012) (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  22. Renuncio, Pablo. (2017). “Russell’s IQ” (Ѻ), Jan 31.
  23. 23.0 23.1 Marx IQ vs Musk IQ? (2017) – Quora.
  24. Anon. (2008). “Higher IQs and Beliefs in God” (Ѻ), GhostPlace.com
  25. Alexander the Great’s IQ (2014) – Hmolpedia 2020 forum.
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Not Enough Artists (2013) – Hmolpedia Forum.
  27. How smart was Genghis Kahn? (2017) – Quora.
  28. 10,000 Hours With Claude Shannon: How A Genius Thinks, Works, and Lives (2017) – Reddit.
  29. What was Edgar Allan Poe’s IQ level? (2013) – Yahoo Answers.
  30. What is the IQ of Louis Pasteur? (2009) – Yahoo Answers.
  31. Did Christopher Hitchens ever take and official IQ test? (2017) – Quora.
  32. Was Kemal Ataturk a genius? (2020) – Quora.
  33. Brown, William. (1863). The Black Man: His Antecedents, His Genius, and His Achievements (pg. 181). Thomas Hamilton.
  34. (a) Note 1: on 5 Jun 2015, Thims “removed” all of the “existive” (i.e. “living” in colloquial speak), geniuses from the top “1000 geniuses list”.
    (b) Note 2: On 12 Oct 2020, Thims, amid the "wiki transfer", re-added top 1000 existive draftees, to a "below" section (shown).
  35. 35.0 35.1 35.2 35.3 35.4 Smartest person existive (2016) (subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
  36. TIL Christopher Hirata has an IQ of 225 (2014) – Quora.
  37. What is Elon Musk’s IQ? (2019) – Quora.
  38. Does Elon Musk really have an IQ of 250 like Charlie Munger said? (2018) – Quora.
  39. 39.0 39.1 Munger, Charlie. (2014). "Q&A Interview", Forbes (Ѻ), “Daily Journal Annual Meeting”. Forbes.
  40. Anon. (2005). ”Luis Balbino Arroyo Colón, in kindergarten, asked what a ‘diphthong’ was (Ѻ)?, Oct 8, PRGifted.org.”

External links

  • Thims, Libb. (2017). “Top 100 Geniuses” (Ѻ), YouTube, Human Chemistry 101, Nov 24.
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