The first law
of the world is constant", and second law
of the world tends to a maximum", engraved on a steel plate, showing the name Rudolf Clausius
, who stated these two laws in 1865, on the Clausius Memorial Stone, Technical University of Koszalin, Poland.
In science, second law (TR:502) can refer either to the second law of motion (Newton, 1686) or the second law of thermodynamics (Clausius, 1865).
In physics, second law of motion states that a change in motion is proportional to the motive force impressed and takes place along the straight line in which that force is impressed.
In thermodynamics, second law of thermodynamics states that the entropy of the universe tends to a maximum.