In hmolscience, CHNOPS+20E, formula: , is shorthand notation for the physico-chemical definition of a human, in terms of element mass composition, in a semi-formulaic fashion, as a CHNOPS plus twenty element (+20E) based “phase” (Adams, 1908), “combination” (Ostwald, 1926), “substance” (Thone, 1936), “system” (Armstrong, 1964), “organism” (Morowitz, 1968), “matrix” (Swan, 1974), “molecule” (Sterner, 2000), or “mega-molecule” (Solare, 2009). The notation CHNOPS+20E, in more detail, refers to the measured fact that a human, as per mass composition definition, is a powered 26-element animate atomic geometry, comprised of the core six elements: C, H, N, O, P, S, i.e. the “CHNOPS” base elements, plus (+) the following twenty (20) elements (E): Ca, K, Cl, Na, Mg, Fe, F, Zn, Si, Cu, B, I, Sn, Mn, Se, Cr, Ni, Mo, Co, and V.
The following table, a subsection from the larger historical physico-chemical definitions of a “human” table, gives an historical overview of the origination and development of the CHNOPS+ definition of a human, shown with terms "bolded" in respect to first historical usage:
|1.||Phase ||Henry Adams||1908|
|2.||C-H-N-O-S-P combination||Wilhelm Ostwald||1926|
|3.||Evolved "CHNOPS" plus substance||Frank Thone||1936|
|4.||CHNOPS system||George Armstrong||1964|
|5.||CHNOPS organism||Harold Morowitz||1968|
|6.||Powered CHNOPS+ matrix||Henry Swan||1974|
|7.||22-element reactive abstract molecule ||Robert Sterner & James Elser||2000|
|8.||26-element reactive molecule||Libb Thims||2002|
|9.||HOCN based mega-molecule||Rohann Solare||2009|
|10.||26-element energy / heat-driven  atomic structure||Kalyan Annamalai & Carlos Silva | Thims citation||2011|
|11.||22-element formula||Neil Shubin | Sterner citation||2013|
|12.||Powered  surface-attached coupled  26-element turnover-rate  freely-running  molecule||Libb Thims||2013|
|13.||Solar-powered  atomic geometry||Libb Thims (Ѻ)||2014|
|14.||CHNOPS+20 chemical species||Libb Thims||2015|
|15.||Powered CHNOPS+20  molecule||Libb Thims||2015|
|16.||Electrochemical process||Anon | Thims citation (Ѻ)||2015|
|17.||Powered CHNOPS+20 phase ||Libb Thims (Ѻ)||2016|
|18.||CxHy+24 element thing ||Libb Thims (Ѻ)||2017|
|19.||Powered CHNOPS+20 thing (Ѻ)||Libb Thims (Ѻ)||2018|
|20.||Powered CHNOPS+20 element existive ||Libb Thims||2020|
|21.||Powered CHNOPS+20E  existive||Libb Thims||2020|
The following are related quotes:
- “ I am made from the C-H-N-O-S-P combination from which a Bunsen, Helmholtz, Kirchhoff came.”
- Thims, Libb. (2020). Human Chemical Thermodynamics — Chemical Thermodynamics Applied to the Humanities: Meaning, Morality, Purpose; Sociology, Economics, Ecology; History, Philosophy, Government, Anthropology, Politics, Business, Jurisprudence; Religion, Relationships, Warfare, and Love (§1.3:Periodic Table]) (pdf). Publisher.
- Haghi, A.K. (2018). Methodologies and Applications for Analytical and Physical Chemistry (co-authors: Sabu Thomas, Sukanchan Palit, Priyanka Main) (Thims “human molecular” periodic table of element, pg. #). CRC.
- Human (WikiFoundry subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.
- Note: the term “phase” (see: social phase), refers to the definition of a human as a “phase” as Willard Gibbs (1876) defines phases, in chemical thermodynamics, or isothermal-isobaric physico-chemical states of existences. It is a complicated term, to say the least.
- Note A: the definition of a human as a “molecule”, originated in the 1789 writings of Jean Sales who defined a human as a “human molecule”.
Note B: the definition of a human as a “molecule”, in the early 20th century, has resulted in a certain amount of like (see: I AM a molecule) and also dislike (see: I am NOT a molecule, argument, repugnance (see: video, “objections to” section (Ѻ), and thread. Certainly, if a “molecule”, by definition, is a thing comprised of two or more atoms, then a human is indeed a molecule or a “mega-molecule” (Solare, 2009). However, things such as metabolism and turnover rate, complicate the simplistic model of the basic molecule, for example, as a two-element molecule.
Note B: alternative “molecule” synonyms, as employed in use (above table), include: combination, substance, system, matrix, atomic structure, atomic geometry, chemical species, process, thing, existive, or elemental existive.
- Note: the term “heat-driven” (Annamalai, 2011) is a physico-chemically neutral terminology alternative to the now-defunct (Thims, 2009) term “alive”, in the sense that one cannot, technically, say that a human is a “living atomic structure”, per reason that life does not exist (see: abioism.
- Note: the usage of “powered” here (Thims, 2013) is a reference to Henry Swan’s 1974 introduction of defining an organism as a “powered” CHNOPS+ matrix; this works as a physico-chemical neutral terminology upgrade (see: life terminology upgrades) in replacement for the now-defunct term “living” (Thims, 2009), such as formerly employed in terms such as “living molecule”, “living earth”, “living universe”, or defining a human as a “living mega-molecule”, etc.
- Note A: the term “coupled”, employed here (Thims, 2013), is a reference to “social coupling theory”, meaning that endergonic social reactions are “coupled”, in Fritz Lippman (1941) sense of the matter (see: coupling), to exergonic social reactions. This, however, is a very advanced topic.
Note B: An outline of “social coupling theory”, in terms of Gibbs energies, is summarized in the 2015 Atheism for Kids video lectures (e.g. lecture #11).
- Note: the term “turnover rate” (Thims, 2013) is a reference to the 1949 atomic turnover radioisotope studies (see: turnover rate) of Paul Aebersold, who found that 98 percent of the atoms of organism “turned over”, i.e. replaced with new atoms.
- Note: the “freely-running” (Thims, 2013) is a reference to Gilbert Lewis’ 1923 distinction of a reaction which “runs freely, like the combustion of a fuel, or the action of an acid on a metal” as compared to a chemical process that is in some way “harnessed for the production of useful work” (see: freely-running).
- Note: in respect to defining the humans as “solar-powered” things, while in the big picture view of things this is true, in the sense that all animation seen above or below the surface of the earth is ultimately derived from heat input from the sun, when we look at the specific mechanism of what “powers” or “drives” a human, we see that, in an evolutionary psychology mechanistic sense of things, (a) we acknowledge that humans are foodstuff-powered, firstly, and (b) the photon exchange force of sensory stimuli, e.g. visual, auditory, and tactile stimuli, also act as powerful drivers of human movement, such as seen in the phenomenon of love and war and the general developed passions of human existence, which cannot simply be classified as “solar-powering” phenomena.
- Note: the use of the “+” symbol here (Thims, 2015), which was employed on Thims poster card periodic table that he used during the “Atheism for Kids” lecture, is a symbol shorthand for Frank Throne’s 1934 article picture of a sun-powered plant labeled as a “Chnops Plus” system, defining a plant as a solar-powered system made of the six CHNOPS elements "plus" the elements potassium and calcium, among a few others, as he was able to determine at the time.
- Note: the usage of the term “phase” here (Thims, 2016), is reference to Henry Adams’ 1908 definition of himself as a “phase” (see: social phase), as per Willard Gibbs (1876) defines phases, chemical thermodynamically.
- Note: the term “thing”, employed here (Thims, 2017), is a reference to famous “thing philosophy”, employed by various, pre-Christian era, Roman and Greek philosopher.
- Note: the term “existive” (see: existive), used here (Thims, 2020), is a c.2013 Hmolpedia-introduced term, employed as a physico-chemically neutral terminology alternative to “alive”, such as needed in the drafting of the “smartest person alive” article turned video series, per reason that, in the modern day and age, the “smartest person alive” would know that they are NOT alive, technically speaking; the term “existive” also is employed in the Aristotle style or way of defining things as “existents”.
- Note: the exact date as to when the “20E” shorthand, where “E = Element”, was first used by Thims remains to be tracked down (e.g. it is not found in Aug Hmolpedia2020 pdf); it seems to have been first employed in the early 2020 draft versions of HCT; also employed in the Sep 2020 launching homepage of the new Hmolpedia.com wiki to define a human, in the simplest possible manner.
- (a) Ostwald, Wilhelm. (1926-27). Lifelines: an Autobiography (Lebenslinien. Eine Selbstbiographie) (in two or three volumes). Berlin: Klasing & Co.
(b) Farber, Eduard. (1961). Great Chemists (§:Wilhelm Ostwald, pgs. 1019-30; quote, pg. 1021). Interscience Publishers.
- Powered CHNOPS+ 20 element thing (WikiFoundry subdomain) – Hmolpedia 2020.